American Journal of Systems and Software
ISSN (Print): 2372-708X ISSN (Online): 2372-7071 Website: Editor-in-chief: Josué-Antonio Nescolarde-Selva
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014, 2(2), 33-40
DOI: 10.12691/ajss-2-2-1
Open AccessArticle

Linguistic Systems and Knowledge of Reality

J. Nescolarde-Selva1, and J.L. Usó-Doménech1

1Department of Applied Mathematics. University of Alicante. Alicante. Spain

Pub. Date: April 23, 2014

Cite this paper:
J. Nescolarde-Selva and J.L. Usó-Doménech. Linguistic Systems and Knowledge of Reality. American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014; 2(2):33-40. doi: 10.12691/ajss-2-2-1


Linguistic systems are the human tools to understand reality. But is it possible to attain this reality? The reality that we perceive, is it just a fragmented reality of which we are part? In this paper the authors present is an attempt to address this question from an epistemological and philosophic linguistic point of view.

knowledge formal language gödelian thought language perception reality

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Agazzi, E. 1992. Some Philosophical Implications of Gödel’s Theorem. In: Kurt Gödel. Actes du Colloque, Neuchâtel 13-14 juin 1991. (Denis Miéville, editor). Travaux de Logique. 7. 129-159.
[2]  Carnap, R. 1942. Introduction to Semantics. Cambridge. Mass.
[3]  Carnap, Rudolf. 1964. Meaning and Necessity, 4th ed. Chicago.
[4]  Carnap, Rudolf. 1967. The Logical Structure of the World/Pseudo problems in Philosophy, trans. by Rolf A. George. Los Angeles.
[5]  Chomsky, N. 1963. ‘Some basic concepts of Linguistic’. In: Handbook of Mathematical Psychology. Vol. II. (Edit. Luce, Bush and Galanter). John Wiley & Sons. New York, London.
[6]  Chomsky, N. 1965. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. MIT Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts.
[7]  Chomsky, N. 1969. Syntactic Structures. Mouton, La Haye.
[8]  Descartes, R. 1960. Meditations on First Philosophy, 2nd ed., trans. by Laurence J. Lafleur. New York.
[9]  Fonsegrive. M. 1909. Essais sur la connaissance. París. (In French).
[10]  Gödel, K. 1931. Über formal unentscheidbare Sätze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Sistemae I. Monatshefte für Mathematik und Physik, 38. 173-198.
[11]  Gödel, K. 1964a. Russell's Mathematical Logic. Philosophy of Mathematics, ed. by P. Benacerraf and H. Putnam. Englewood Cliffs, 1964, pp. 211-232.
[12]  Gödel, K. 1964b. What is Cantor's Continuum Problem? Philosophy of Mathematics, ed. by P. Benacerraf and H. Putnam. Englewood Cliffs, pp. 258-273.
[13]  Hegel, G.W.F. 1948. Wissenschaft der Logik. Verlag von Felix Meiner. Leipzig. (In German).
[14]  Hume, D. 1964. A Treatise of Human Nature, ed. by L. A. Selby-Bigge, Oxford,
[15]  Kant, I. 1978. Crítica de la razón pura. Madrid: Alfaguara. (In Spanish)
[16]  Kjeldsen, T. H. and Carter, J. 2012. The growth of mathematical knowledge-Introduction of convex bodies. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A. 43 (2). pp. 359-365.
[17]  Meinong, A. 1904. Über Gegenstandtheorie. Leipzig: J. A. Barth. (In German).
[18]  Nescolarde-Selva, J. 2010. A Systemic Vision of Belief Systems and Ideologies. Doctoral Thesis. Universidad de Alicante. Alicante. Spain.
[19]  Nescolarde-Selva, J. and Usó-Domènech, J.L. 2013a. Semiotic Vision of Ideologies. Foundations of Science.
[20]  Nescolarde-Selva, J. and Usó-Doménech, J., L. 2013b. Reality, System and Impure Systems. Foundations of Science.
[21]  Nescolarde-Selva, J. and Usó-Doménech, J., L. 2013. Topological Structures of Complex Belief Systems. Complexity. Vol. 19, 1. pp. 50-64.
[22]  Nescolarde-Selva, J. and Usó-Doménech, J.L. 2013d. Topological Structures of Complex Belief Systems (II): Textual Materialization. Complexity. Vol. 19, 2. pp. 50-62.
[23]  Nescolarde-Selva, J. A., Usó-Doménech, J.L. and Gash, H. 2014. A theorical point of view of reality, perception, and language. Complexity.
[24]  Nescolarde-Selva, J.A., Usó-Doménech J.L. and Sabán, M. 2014. Linguistic Knowledge of Reality: A Metaphysical Impossibility?. Foundations of Science.
[25]  Paseau, A. 2011. Mathematical instrumentalism, Gödel’s theorem, and inductive evidence. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A. 42 (1). pp. 140-149.
[26]  Renouvier. 1891. Les dilemmes de la metaph. pure. París. (In French).
[27]  Stoneham, Tom. 2002. Berkeley’s World: An Examination of the Three Dialogues. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[28]  Usó-Domènech, J.L. and Nescolasrde-Selva, J. 2012. Mathematical and Semiotic Theory of Ideological Systems. Lambert Academic Publishing. Saarbrucken. Germany.
[29]  Usó-Doménech, J and Nescolarde-Selva, J. 2013. An introduction to Alysidal Algebra IV. Kybernetes. Vol. 42, 8, pp. 1235-1247.
[30]  Wittgenstein, L. 1953. Philosophische Untersuchungen. Blackwell. Oxford.
[31]  Watts, A. 2006. El camino del Zen. RBA. Coleccionables. SA. (In Spanish).