American Journal of Rural Development
ISSN (Print): 2333-4762 ISSN (Online): 2333-4770 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajrd Editor-in-chief: Chi-Ming Lai
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Rural Development. 2017, 5(1), 5-18
DOI: 10.12691/ajrd-5-1-2
Open AccessArticle

The Dynamics of Agricultural Land Management System in Bangladesh: The Challenges for Sustainable Development

Saif Uddin Ahammad1, 2,

1Master of International Trade and Commerce Law, Macquarie University

2Deputy Secretary, The Government of Bangladesh

Pub. Date: January 22, 2017

Cite this paper:
Saif Uddin Ahammad. The Dynamics of Agricultural Land Management System in Bangladesh: The Challenges for Sustainable Development. American Journal of Rural Development. 2017; 5(1):5-18. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-5-1-2

Abstract

Bangladesh is a densely populated country of 142.3 millions people where 964 person live per sq. km. It is located in the north-eastern part of South Asia. Although it is predominantly an agriculture dependent country, it has the lowest land man ratio in the world and it accounts fro 0.06 hactres per person. Every year around 18-20 lacs people are born to soar the existing overpopulation. In addition, 47.3% of the total labour forces of the the country are employed in agriculture and it provides 21% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country. To meet the multiple demands of the ever increasing population the scarce agricultureal lands of this country are being misused for non-agricultural purposes. Besides, excessive use of chemical fertilizers, insecticides and intensive cultivation of lands without necessary conservation practices gradually deteriorates the productive capacity of the agricultural lands. If the present trend of Agricultural land management system (ALMS) continues it may hamper the sustainable development of the country. This article examines the dynamics of ALMS in Bangladesh and investigates to indentify the key problems and challenges for promoting sustainable development in ALMS. Lastly, based on overall observations of the research, this article suggests several policy and administrative guidelines to promote sustainable development in agricultural land management in Bangladesh.

Keywords:
agricultural land management sustainable development food security misuse of agricultural land land quality

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Acquisition and Requisition of Immovable Property Ordinance 1982, Ordinance No II of 1982, Section 8, the Ministry of Land, the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Available at: www.minland.gov.bd.
 
[2]  Alauddin, M. & Hossain, M., Environment and agriculture in a developing economy: Problems and prospects for Bangladesh, Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc. Northampton, 2001, 209.
 
[3]  Assmo, P., Livelihood strategy and land degradation: perceptions among small-scale farmers in Ng’iresi Vs Tanzania, University of Goteborg, Sweden, 1999, 7.
 
[4]  Barakat, A. (2007), ‘A round table discussion on Bangladesh, land and agriculture reforms: empowerment of women and marginal people’, quoted from The Daily Ittefaq, dated 11 November, 2007, p. 3, published in Dhaka.
 
[5]  Bangladesh Agriculture Research Council (BARC) (1999), Land Degradation Situation of Bangladesh, Soil Science Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dhaka.
 
[6]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (1979), Bangladesh Statistical Year Book, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 147.
 
[7]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2003), Labour Force Survey 2002-03, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
 
[8]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2015) Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
 
[9]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2006) Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh 7, 49, 147.
 
[10]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2006), Agriculture Census Survey 2005, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
 
[11]  Brady, N. C., The nature and properties of soil, , Macmillan Publishing Limited, 10th Editiion, New York, 1990, 123, 125-126, 128.
 
[12]  Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2008), Census of Agriculture 2008, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
 
[13]  Dent, F. J. (2004), ‘Review of agricultural land use management systems in Asia and the Pacific’ Report of an APO seminar, 8-18 November, 1994, Tokyo, Japan In Agricultural land use management in Asia, (eds.), Asian Productivity Organization, 27, 31.
 
[14]  Dregne, H. E. and Chou, N., Global Desertification Dimensions and Costs In “Degradation and Restoration in Arid Lands” (H. E. Dregne Ed.), International Centre for Arid and Semiarid Land Studies, Texus Technical University, Texus, 1994.
 
[15]  Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ECOSOC), (2002), Rural Poverty Alleviation through Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Green Farming, UN4301, United Nations, New York, 9.
 
[16]  Finance Division (2007), Bangladesh Economic Review 2007, Finance Division, Ministry of Finance, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 78.
 
[17]  Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 2013, Bangladesh: Arable Land and Land under Permanent Crops Availability (Ratio per Person), FAOSTAT.
 
[18]  Gregorich, E. G., Carter, M. R., Angers, D. L., Monreal, C. M. & Ellert, B. H. , “Towards a minimum data set to assess soil organic matter quality in agricultural soils”, Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 74. 367-385. 1994.
 
[19]  Google, Maps of the World <www.mapsofworld.com>.
 
[20]  Hasan, M. K. & Alam, A. K. M. Ashraful, “Land Degradation Situation in Bangladesh and Role of Agroforestry”, Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 4(1 &2). 19-25. 2006.
 
[21]  Herbon, D., Socio-economic dynamics in rural Bangladesh: The individual and societal effects of opportunities and obstacles, A vebury Ashgate Publishing Limited, Aldershot, 1994, 49, 218.
 
[22]  Hillel, D. J., Out of the Earth: Civilization and Life of the Soil, Free Press, New York, 1991.
 
[23]  Islam, S., ‘Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and green farming in rural poverty alleviation in Bangladesh, In Rural poverty alleviation through Intgrated Pest Managemtn (IPM) and green farming, (eds.), ESCAP (2002), UN 4301, United Nations, New York.
 
[24]  Jannuzi, F. T. & Peach, J. T., The agrarian Structure of Bangladesh: An impediment to development, Westview Press, Colorado, 1980, 51.
 
[25]  Jia, G. M., Cao, J. & Wang, G., “Influence of land management on soil nutrients and microbial biomass in the Central Loess Plateau, North West Cina”, Land Degradation and Development, 16, 455-462, 2005.
 
[26]  Kamruzzaman, Md, Integrated Nutrient Management for Sustaining Crop Productivity and Improvement of Soil Fertiity in Bangladesh Agriculture, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, FAO, 2016, 13.
 
[27]  Lal, R., “Soil degradation by erosion”, Land Degradation and Development 12. 523, 519-539. 2001.
 
[28]  The Ministry of Land (2003), Land Administration Manual, 2003, Part 1, 3, 7, 388, 396, 398-99, 648, The Ministry of Land, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Available at: www.minland.gov.bd.
 
[29]  The Ministry of Land (2001), National Land Use Policy 2001, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Available at: www.minland.gov.bd.
 
[30]  Land Development Tax Ordinance, 1976, The Ministry of Land, The People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Available at: www.minland.gov.bd.
 
[31]  Lipton, M., “Land Reform as Commenced Business: The Evidence Against Stopping”, World Development 21(4). 641-657. 1993.
 
[32]  Mearns, R., Access to Land in Rural India: Policy Issues and Options, pp. 18, 23, Policy Research Workng Paper 2123, May 1999, World Bank.
 
[33]  Miah, M. M. U., Habibullah, A. K. M. and Ali, M. F. 1993, “Depletion of Organic Matter in Upland Soils of Bangladesh”, In Soil Resilience and Sustainable Land Use, Proceedings of International Symposium, held on 28 September to 2 October 1992, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 70-79.
 
[34]  Momin, M. A., Rural poverty and agrarian structure in Bangladesh, Vikash Publishing House Private Ltd., New Delhi, 1992, 107.
 
[35]  Munasinghe, M., Sunkel, O. & de Miguel, C., The sustainability of long-term growth, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, Northampton, USA, 2001, 19.
 
[36]  National Land Use Policy, 2001, the Ministry of Land , the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, <www.minland.gov.bd>.
 
[37]  Pagiola, S., (1995), “Environmental and National Resource Degradation in Intensive Agriculture in Bangladesh”, pp. 44-46, Environment Department, Paper No. 15, Washington, World Bank.
 
[38]  Pieri, C, Dunanski, J, Hamblin, A. & Young, A. (1995), “Land quality indicators,” In World Bank discussion papers 315 , The World Bank, Washington, D. C., 1.
 
[39]  Population and Housing Census-2011, Statistics and Information Division, Ministry of Planning.
 
[40]  Rahman, S., “Six Decades of Agricultural Land Use Change in Bangladesh: Effects on Crop Diversity, Productivity, Food Availability and the Environment, 1948-2004,” Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 31. 245-269. 2010
 
[41]  Siddiqui, K., Land management in South Asia: A comparative study, Oxford University Press, New York, 1997, 2, 8, 372-3, 375, 416, 419.
 
[42]  Singh, P., 1994, Land Degradation- a Global Menace and its Improvement through Agro-forestry. In “Agroforestry System for Sustainable Land Use”. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1994, 12.
 
[43]  Soil Resource Development Institute (SRDI), Landsat Satellite Data, 2013.
 
[44]  Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh (2013), 32nd edition, Statistics and Information Division, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Planning Division, the Ministry of Planning, Dhaka.
 
[45]  Toufique, K. A. (2001), “Sustainable rural livelihood in Bangladesh”, IDS Research Report 45, Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, 9, 37.
 
[46]  UN (1992), Department of Economic and Social Development, ‘poverty alleviation and sustainable development: Goals in conflicts?’, United Nations, New York, 3-4.
 
[47]  Zaman, S. M. H., (1987), Agronomic and environmental constraints on fertilizer effectiveness, in Stone, B. (ed.) 1987, ‘Fertilizer pricing policy in Bangladesh’, Chapter 5, Washington, D. C. and Dhaka: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS). The Daily Ittefaq, 16 Nov., 2007, p. 20.