American Journal of Rural Development
ISSN (Print): 2333-4762 ISSN (Online): 2333-4770 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajrd Editor-in-chief: Chi-Ming Lai
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American Journal of Rural Development. 2016, 4(6), 129-133
DOI: 10.12691/ajrd-4-6-2
Open AccessArticle

Analysis of the Technical Efficiency of Smallholder Cocoa Farmers in South West Cameroon

Ngoe Mukete1, , Jing Zhu1, Mukete Beckline2, Tabi Gilbert1, Kimengsi Jude3 and Aniah Dominic4

1College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Agricultural University, 1 Weigang, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu Province, China

2School of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, 35 Qinghua Dong Lu, Haidian District Beijing, 100083 China

3Department of Economics and Management, University of Buea, Box 63 Buea, South West Region, Cameroon

4Farmer Training Centre, Box 763, Bolgatanga 038 20, Ghana

Pub. Date: December 23, 2016

Cite this paper:
Ngoe Mukete, Jing Zhu, Mukete Beckline, Tabi Gilbert, Kimengsi Jude and Aniah Dominic. Analysis of the Technical Efficiency of Smallholder Cocoa Farmers in South West Cameroon. American Journal of Rural Development. 2016; 4(6):129-133. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-6-2

Abstract

In this study, we assess the technical efficiency of smallholder cocoa farmers in the Meme division of South West Region, Cameroon. Through stochastic production functions and field surveys, the study further examines how the cocoa sector socioeconomically impacts the Cameroonian economy. Using a participatory research approach, data were collected from 515 household heads across four villages on the quantity of cocoa produced, number of cocoa trees per hectare, quantity of fertilizer, and labour availability and socio-economic characteristics. Our results showed the technical efficiency to range between 0.11 and 0.99, with a mean technical efficiency of 0.86. We also observed access to credit and extension services to significantly influence technical efficiency. Therefore, innovative institutional arrangements that enhance extension and farmer training, accompanied by improved access to credit are likely to efficiently boost cocoa production in this part of Cameroon and elsewhere.

Keywords:
technical efficiency smallholder farmers cocoa sector cameroon stochastic functions

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