American Journal of Rural Development
ISSN (Print): 2333-4762 ISSN (Online): 2333-4770 Website: Editor-in-chief: Chi-Ming Lai
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Rural Development. 2016, 4(1), 24-30
DOI: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-4
Open AccessArticle

Factors Influencing Farmers Decision on the Use of Introduced Soil and Water Conservation Practices in the Lowland’s of Wenago Woreda, Gedeo Zone, Ethiopia

Setegne Kifle1, , Bogale Teferi2, Abreham Kebedom3 and Abiyot Legesse2

1Department of Agriculture Inputs Supply and Distribution, Gedeo Zone Office of Agriculture, Ethiopia, P.O.Box 419, Dilla, Ethiopia

2Departments of Geography, College of Social Science and Humanity, Dilla Universities, Ethiopia

3Department of Agricultural economics, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Dilla University, Ethiopia

Pub. Date: March 23, 2016

Cite this paper:
Setegne Kifle, Bogale Teferi, Abreham Kebedom and Abiyot Legesse. Factors Influencing Farmers Decision on the Use of Introduced Soil and Water Conservation Practices in the Lowland’s of Wenago Woreda, Gedeo Zone, Ethiopia. American Journal of Rural Development. 2016; 4(1):24-30. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-4-1-4


Understanding the decision-making ability of farmers with regard to soil erosion is an essential take-off point in the development of policy instruments that will achieve conservation objectives. Without a thorough understanding of the factors that eventually lead to conservation investments, environmental policy makers and extension agents may not be able to communicate effectively with farmers. Therefore, this study was conducted with the objectives of identifying factors influencing farmers’ decisions on the use of introduced soil and water conservation practices in the lowland areas of wonago woreda is, Gedeo Zone, and South Nation Nationality People Regional State of Ethiopia. To conduct the research, three representative kebeles were selected from the study woreda based on prevalence of soil erosion and ongoing soil and water practices. From the selected kebeles, 120 household heads were chosen using systematic sampling from which data were gathered using both structured and unstructured questionnaires procedure. The data were analyzed using the Binary Logit model to identify the influential factors in soil and water conservation practices. From the selected seventeen (17) explanatory variables, fourteen (14) of them have shown the existence of significant association with farmer’s decision on the use of introduced soil and water conservation practices. Total household labor in man equivalent, farm distance, farm size and slope of plot were the variables that significantly influenced farmer’s decision in adopting the introduced soil and water conservation practices in the study areas. The influences of the determinant variables specified were positive except in the case of farm distance. From this study, it is concluded that socio-economic and physical factors play a major role in determining farmer's decision to adopt soil and water conservation practices. Therefore, in order to implement and adopt soil and water conservation practices measures sustainably, the government and Non-governmental organizations must take into consideration the compatibility of introduced soil and water conservation practices measures to the local agro-ecological situations and socio-economic factors and introducing soil and water conservation practices measures with relatively less labor requirements which are effective in reducing land degradation and increasing agricultural production in the study areas.

adoption soil erosion logit model soil and water conservation practices decision making

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Sustainable Land Management Project II. Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) Revised Final Draft Document, Addis Ababa, 2013 (unpublished).
[2]  Kwadwo A.O. and Samson J., “Increasing Agricultural Productivity & Enhancing Food Security in Africa New Challenges & Opportunities, International Food Policy Research Institute Washington, DC March, 2012.
[3]  E.Katungi, A.Farrow, T. Mutuoki, S.Gebeyehu, D.Karanja, F.Alamayehu, L.Sperling, S.Beebe, J.C. Rubyogo and R. Buruchara, 2010. Improving common bean productivity: An Analysis of socioeconomic factors in Ethiopia and Eastern Kenya. Baseline Report Tropical legumes II. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical - CIAT. Cali, Colombia.
[4]  Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, 2011, April, Africa development Bank Group Peer Review Mechanism, Country Strategy Paper 2011-2015).
[5]  Hurni, H., 1988. Degradation and conservation of the resources in the Ethiopian highlands mountain research and development, 8 (2/3), 123-130.
[6]  Teklu Erkossa and Gezahegn Ayele, 2003. Indigenous Knowledge and Practices for Soil and Water Management in East Wollega, Ethiopia. International Conference on Agricultural Research for Development, Deutscher Tropentag 2003 Göttingen, 2003.
[7]  CSA (Central Statistics Authority), 2007. Summary and Statistical Report of the Population and Housing Census.Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.Population Sensus Commission, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[8]  Malla, P.B, 1983. Logit analysis of technology adoption by rice farmers in Dhanusha Distrct, Nepal, Research Paper series. No.22 A/D/C APROSC, Kathmandu, Nepa.
[9]  Feder G., Just, R.E et al., 1985. Adoptions of Agricultural Innovations in Developing Countries. Economic Development Cultural and Changes, 33: 255-298.
[10]  Hosmer, D., and S. Lemeshew, 1989. Applied Logistic Regression. A Wiley-Inter Science Publication. New York.
[11]  Gujarati, D.N., 1995. Basic econometrics. 3rd edition, McGraw Hill, Inc., New York.
[12]  Tesfaye Worku, 2006. Analyzing Factors Affecting Adoption of Rainwater Harvesting Technology: In Dugda Bora Woreda, East Shewa, Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis Submitted to Graduate Studies of Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
[13]  Gebresenbet Sebgaze, 2008. Determinants of Adoption and Intensity of Use of Improved Soil and Water Conservation Practices in Sodo District, Gurage Zone, Southern Part of Ethiopia. Thesis Presented to School of Graduate Studies of Alemaya University, Ethiopia.