American Journal of Rural Development
ISSN (Print): 2333-4762 ISSN (Online): 2333-4770 Website: Editor-in-chief: Chi-Ming Lai
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American Journal of Rural Development. 2013, 1(5), 131-137
DOI: 10.12691/ajrd-1-5-5
Open AccessArticle

Determinants of Poverty Incidence among Rural Farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria

O. Igbalajobi1, 2, A.I. Fatuase3, 1, and I. Ajibefun3, 1

1Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

2Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Joseph Ayo Babalola University (JABU), Ikeji Arakeji, Ilesa, Osun State, Nigeria

3Department of Agricultural Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: December 15, 2013

Cite this paper:
O. Igbalajobi, A.I. Fatuase and I. Ajibefun. Determinants of Poverty Incidence among Rural Farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria. American Journal of Rural Development. 2013; 1(5):131-137. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-1-5-5


This study empirically analyzed the determinants of poverty among rural farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria. Primary data were used and a sample of 285 farm households through a multistage sampling technique was drawn from the study. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) poverty measure, Gini coefficient and probit regression analysis. The findings revealed that 81.8%, 81.1% and 34.1% of the respondents were male, married and no formal education respectively. The average household’s age was over 50 years’ old which implies that the respondents were fairly old and experienced. 59.3% of the respondents were actually poor while 27.6% of the poverty line (580.42 USD) was needed to get out of poverty. The result of Gini coefficient (0.492) implies average level of income inequality among the respondents. The result of logit regression model indicated that age, gender, marital status, household size, access to credit, farm income and educational level of the respondents were the major determinants of poverty among rural farm households. It was further shown that reducing the frequency of eating per day, engaged in non-farming activities, praying and fasting, and seeking help from friends/relatives were the major strategies for coping with poverty syndrome in the study area. Therefore, government should design holistic policies that will focus on the factors highlighted above in order to alleviate poverty and improve the welfare of the rural farmers in the study area.

FGT gini coefficient poverty measure rural farmers probit model

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