American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajphr Editor-in-chief: Jing Sun
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American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017, 5(6), 170-173
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-5-6-1
Open AccessReview Article

Noise and Its Legislation. Where Does Health Stands?

Salame Castro AG1, López Martínez TC1, Sánchez Martínez DV1, Reynoso Vázquez J2 and Ruvalcaba Ledezma JC2,

1Master in Public Health, Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo, Mexico

2Department of Public Health [ICSa-UAEH], Institute of Health Sciences-Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo, Mexico

Pub. Date: December 07, 2017

Cite this paper:
Salame Castro AG, López Martínez TC, Sánchez Martínez DV, Reynoso Vázquez J and Ruvalcaba Ledezma JC. Noise and Its Legislation. Where Does Health Stands?. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017; 5(6):170-173. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-5-6-1

Abstract

The WHO identifies noise, an undesired sound, as an environmental problem for humans. Sound is a change of air pressure entering the ear canal and then transmitted to the eardrum, which, in turn, will produce movement of the middle ear bones. The latter amplify the sound reaching the nervous system, where the generated impulses become auditory signal in the brain. Noise is an inarticulate and bothering auditory sensation for the ear that causes health alterations. Measured in decibels (dB), it is legislated at labor and environmental levels. This article explores the application of these legislations, together with a critical analysis. It is essential to take appropriate actions to limit and control exposure to noise, regardless of whether it be on environmental or labor grounds, through the appropriate support of a scientific evaluation.

Keywords:
noise sound legislations labor and environmental health disorders

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