American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017, 5(2), 43-49
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-5-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Household Level Sanitation Practice of Mothers’ and Associated Factors in Gedeo Zone, South Ethiopia

Negasa Eshete Soboksa1, and Getachow Nenko Yimam1,

1Public Health Department, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia

Pub. Date: June 08, 2017

Cite this paper:
Negasa Eshete Soboksa and Getachow Nenko Yimam. Assessment of Household Level Sanitation Practice of Mothers’ and Associated Factors in Gedeo Zone, South Ethiopia. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017; 5(2):43-49. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-5-2-3


Background: Provision of good and consistence sanitation practice plays an essential role in protecting human health to prevent communicable diseases. The aim of this study was to assess household level sanitation practice of mothers’ and associated factors in Gedeo Zone, South Ethiopia. Methods: Community based cross-sectional study design was conducted in Gedeo Zone, South Ethiopia. 634 systematically selected mothers were included in the study. Data was collected using structured questionnaire and entered into SPSS version 20.0 for analysis. Descriptive statistics were computed and logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with outcome variable. Result: In the study only about 12.5% mothers were good sanitation practice. Majority of the mothers’ in the households, (68%) had shared toilet facility and almost all were simple traditional pit without a slab. From those mothers’ in the households with toilet facility, hand washing practices after critical period was reported to be 44.2%. Current study revealed that ethnicity, presence of hand washing near the latrine, source and protection of source of water supply had shown significant association. Conclusion: sanitation practice by mothers at household level in the study area was low. So health workers must pay special attention to improve this problem.

sanitation practice mothers household level

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  WHO/UNICEF. Ebola virus disease: Key questions and answers concerning water , sanitation and hygiene. 2014.
[2]  WHO. Monitoring water and sanitation: for evidence-based policy and intervention. 2015.
[3]  WHO/UNICEF. Progress on Sanitation and dinking water.2015 Update and MDG Assessment [Internet]. 2015. Available from:
[4]  Howard G, Bartram J. Domestic Water Quantity , Service Level and Health. World Heal Organ [Internet]. 2003;39. Available from:
[5]  Mengistie B, Baraki N. Community based assessment on household management of waste and hygiene practices in Kersa Woreda , Eastern. Ethiop J Heal Dev. 2010;24(2):103-9.
[6]  Rabie T, Curtis V. Handwashing and risk of respiratory infections: A quantitative systematic review. Trop Med Int Heal. 2006; 11(3): 258-67.
[7]  Gebresilase Y. community lesd total sanitation and empowerment: The case of Dorze Hyzo community, SNNP Ethiopia. OIDA Int J Sustain Dev. 2010; 01:(09 (2010)): 99-107.
[8]  Ahs JW, Tao W, Löfgren J, Forsberg BC. Diarrheal Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Incidence, Prevention and Management. Open Infect Dis J [Internet]. 2010; 4(1):113-24.
[9]  Chambers R. Going to Scale with Community-Led Total Sanitation: Reflections on Experience , Issues and Ways Forward. IDS Practice Papers. 2009.
[10]  ACS. Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey. 2014.
[11]  FDRE-MOH. (2012). Implementation Programming Guideline for CLTSH January 2012.
[12]  Anteneh A, Kumie A. Assessment of the impact of latrine utilization on diarrhoeal diseases in the rural community of Hulet Ejju Enessie. Ethiop J Heal Dev. 2010; 24(2): 110-8.
[13]  Danquah L, Awuah E, Mensah CM, Agyemang S. Sanitation and hygiene practices in relation to childhood diarrhoea prevalence: The case of households with children under-five years in Ghana. Sci J Public Heal. 2014; 2(2): 119-25.
[14]  WHO/UNICEF. Progress on sanitation and drinking-water, 2013 update. World Health Organization, Geneva 2013.
[15]  Negasa Eshete, Abebe Beyene, Gudina Terefe. Implementation of Community-led Total Sanitation and Hygiene Approach on the Prevention of Diarrheal Disease in Kersa District, Jimma Zone , Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 669-676.
[16]  Tefera, W. Technical Issues of Sanitation and Hygiene in Mirab Abaya and Alaba; a case study report from the Southern Nations Region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia. RIPPLE Working Paper no.2, 2008.
[17]  Central Statistics Authority & ORC Marco. Ethiopia Demographic and health survey (DHS). Central Statistics Authority. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA, 2011.
[18]  Awoke, W. & Muche, S.. Latrine coverage and associated factors among rural communities in the District of Bahir Dar Zuria, Ethiopia. BMC Public Health, 13:99. 2013.
[19]  Rachael, R. An evaluation of household latrine coverage in Kewot woreda, Ethiopia three years after. Emory University, 2011.
[20]  Daniel Haile Chercos et al.. Latrine utilization and associated factors among people living in rural areas of Denbia district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2013.
[21]  Ministry of water resources. Sanitation and Hygiene issue paper, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2003.
[22]  Coffey, D.,. Sanitation, the disease environment, and anemia among young children, 2013.
[23]  Crawley, J., Reducing the burden of anemia in infants and young children in malaria-endemic countries of Africa: From evidence to action. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(2 SUPPL.), pp.25-34, 2004.