American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017, 5(1), 12-14
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-5-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Attitudes of Health Care Workers towards Elderly Depression in Kubau, Nigeria

Kashini ANDREW1, , Chinedu John-Camillus IGBOANUSI2, Istifanus Anekoson JOSHUA3 and Musa YAKUBU2

1Jahun General Hospital, Jahun, Jigawa State, Nigeria

2Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria

3Department of Community Medicine, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: February 24, 2017

Cite this paper:
Kashini ANDREW, Chinedu John-Camillus IGBOANUSI, Istifanus Anekoson JOSHUA and Musa YAKUBU. Attitudes of Health Care Workers towards Elderly Depression in Kubau, Nigeria. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017; 5(1):12-14. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-5-1-3


Primary health workers have been shown to write off depressed patients and most have the perception that depression cannot be managed. Data on attitudes towards elderly depression and care options at primary health care level especially in Nigeria and rural Africa is lacking. This study assessed the attitudes of primary health care workers towards elderly depression in Kubau, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: It was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out in June 2012, of the total health workers directly involved in patient care in Kubau. Information on the socio-demographics of the respondents, knowledge, attitudes and care options were obtained using a modified Depression Attitude Questionnaire, interviewer - administered. The collected data was cleaned and entered into SPSS version 16 and the results presented as tables and charts with statistical significance set at p < 0.05. Results: Most health workers had a good attitude towards depression and most (70%) thought elderly depressed patients could be managed, 88.3 % were willing to take time to detect and diagnose depressed patients. Conclusion: The study revealed a good attitude towards depression in the elderly among healthcare workers in Kubau, Nigeria.

attitudes depression primary healthcare Kubau Nigeria

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  David M, Jefferson J. Handbook of medical psychiatry. 2nd ed. Mosby Inc. 2004; ch 74: 134-139.
[2]  Gonzalez M, Roderick S. Kaplan review of psychiatry for USMLE. 2005; ch 5; 21-28.
[3]  Ogunlesi AO, Adelekan ML. Nigerian primary health care workers: a pilot survey on attitudes to mental health. Bull Royal College Psychiatr. 1988; 12:441-443.
[4]  Adewuya AO, Oguntade AA. Doctors’ attitude towards people with mental illness in Western Nigeria. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2007; 42: 931-936.
[5]  Aghukwa NC. Attitude of health workers to the care of psychiatric patients. Ann Gen Psychiatry. 2009; 8: 19.
[6]  Aghukwa NC. Health professionals’ familiarity and attributions to mental illness. Mental Illness [serial online] 2010: 2:1. Available from (accessed 12th June 2012).
[7]  George SA. Psychiatric disorders of late life: in kaplans textbook psychiatry. 7th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publishers. 2005; ch 51: 283-289.
[8]  WHO. The world health report 2001. Mental health: New understanding, new hope. Genva; world health organization. 2001: 1-169.
[9]  un Üntzer J, Katon W, Callahan CM, Williams JW, Hunkeler E, Harpole L. et al. Collaborative care management of late life depression in primary care settings: A randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA 2002; 288(22): 2836-2845.
[10]  Mulsant BH, Alexopoulos GS, Reynolds CF III. et al. Pharmacological treatment of depression in older primary care patients: The PROSPECT algorithm. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2001; 16(6): 585-592.
[11]  O.A. Erinosho. “Nigeria's Aro Community Psychiatric Program in Action: An Appraisal”. African Urban Studies. 1978; 1(1): 19-25.
[12]  Kubau census figures, Nigerian National Population Commission, 2006 National population Census.
[13]  Kubau weather. www.worldweatheronline/kubau-online-weather-averages/kaduna/NG.aspx (accessed on 10th June 2012).
[14]  Djemes JK. Prevalence and predictors of depression in populations of the elderly. Acta psychiatrica scandinavica. 2006; 133(5); 375-387.
[15]  WHO. The world health report 2001. Mental health: New understanding, new hope. Geneva; world health organization. 2001: 1-169.
[16]  James BO, Jenkins R, Lawani AO, Omoaregba JO. Depression in primary care: The knowledge, attitudes and practices of general practitioners in Benin City, Nigeria. S Afr Fam Pract 2012; 54(1): 55-60.
[17]  Mbatia M, Shah A, Jenkins R. knowledge, attitude and practice pertaining to depression among primary health care workers in Tanzania. International journal of mental health system. 2009; 3(5): 1752-4488.