American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Public Health Research. 2013, 1(7), 191-195
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-1-7-8
Open AccessArticle

Factors Influencing Age at First Birth of Bangladeshi Women- A Multivariate Approach

Ahbab Mohammad Fazle Rabbi1 and M.H.M. Imrul Kabir2,

1Department of Applied Science, Bangladesh University of Textiles, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2Department of Applied Statistics, East-West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: August 06, 2013

Cite this paper:
Ahbab Mohammad Fazle Rabbi and M.H.M. Imrul Kabir. Factors Influencing Age at First Birth of Bangladeshi Women- A Multivariate Approach. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2013; 1(7):191-195. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-1-7-8


Age at first birth has direct effect on fertility; early initiation of childbearing lengthens the reproductive period and subsequently increases fertility level of a country. Study of age at first birth enable researchers to forecast about subsequent fertility behavior and policy implications, especially in case of developing country like Bangladesh; where third stage of demographic transition begun as a result of continuous assessment. Multivariate techniques have been applied using BDHS-2007 data to obtain significant determinants of age at first birth of Bangladeshi women. Five factors were revealed from factor analysis where consciousness of parents and fecundity factor explain the age at first birth most. Linear discriminant analysis revealed that 70.9% of original grouped cases were correctly classified according to the obtained factors where, sensitivity of discriminant function was 71.9% and the specificity was 65.1%. Findings suggest that; there is a complex structure to the decision-making for first parity along with couple’s awareness about population boost, fecundity, couple’s educational level and, mother’s participation on labor force.

factor analysis discriminant analysis age at first birth bangladesh

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 1


[1]  Mathews, T.J. and Hamilton, B.E., Delayed childbearing: More women are having their first child later in life, NCHS data brief, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD, 2009, Aug, (21). 1-8.
[2]  Coombs, L.C., and Freedman, R., “Premarital Pregnancy, Childspacing, and later Economic Achievement”, Population Studies, 24. 389-412. 1970.
[3]  LeGrand, T.K. and Mback´e, C.S.M., “Teenage pregnancy and child health in the urban Sahel”, Studies in Family Planning, 24 (3). 137-149. 1993.
[4]  Westoff, C.F., Age at marriage, age at first birth and fertility in Africa, World Bank Technical Paper no. 169, The World Bank, Washington D.C. 1992.
[5]  Zabin, L. and Kiragu, K., “The health consequences of adolescent sexual and fertility behavior in sub-Saharan Africa”, Studies in Family Planning, 29 (2). 210-232. 1998.
[6]  Hobcraft, J., “Fertility patterns and child survival: a comparative analysis”, Population Bulletin, United Nations, NY, 33. 1-31. 1992.
[7]  Roudi-Fahimi, F., “Iran's family planning program: Responding to a nation's needs”, MENA policy brief, Population Reference Bureau, Washington, DC. 21. 2002.
[8]  Abbasi-Shavazi, M.J., Mehryar, A.H., Jones, G., and McDonald, P., “Revolution, war and modernization: Population policy and fertility change in Iran”, Journal of Population Research, 19 (1). 25-46. 2002.
[9]  Erfani, A. and Mcquillan, K., “Rapid fertility decline in iran: Analysis of intermediate variables”, Journal of Biosocial Science, 40 (3). 459-478. 2008.
[10]  Stephen, O.G., “A Cohort Analysis of the Timing of First Birth and Fertility in Ghana”, Population Research and Policy Review, 22. 251-266. 2003.
[11]  Hashemi, A. and Salehi-Isfahani, D., “Family Planning Program Effects in Rural Iran”, The Northwest Universities Development Consortium (NEUDC) Conference, Tufts University, Melford, M.A. 2009.
[12]  Lappegård, T. and Rønsen, M., “The Multifaceted Impact of Education on Entry into Motherhood”, European Journal of Population, 21. 31-49. 2005.
[13]  Kirsten, K.W., “Education, Age at first Marriage or First Birth and Labour Force Participation as Predictors of Parity Transitions: An Application of Discrete Multivariate Analysis to the study of Conditional Life Table Probabilities”, Canadian Studies in Population, 14 (1). 89-109. 1987.
[14]  Ngalinda, I., “Age at First Birth, Fertility, and Contraception in Tanzania”, Doctoral dissertation, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany. 1998.
[15]  Teachman, J.D. and Schollaert, P.T., “Economic Conditions, Marital Status, and the Timing of First Births: Result for Whites and Blacks”, Sociological Forum, 4 (1). 27-46. 1989.
[16]  Rindfuss, R. and John C.R., “Social Determinants of Age at First Birth”, Journal of Marriage and Family, 45 (3). 553-565. 1983.
[17]  National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT), Mitra and Associates, and Macro International, Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2007, Dhaka, Bangladesh and Calverton, Maryland, USA: National Institute of Population Research and Training, Mitra and Associates, and Macro International. 2009.
[18]  Haque, M.A. and Sayem A.M., “Socioeconomic Determinants of Age at First Birth in Rural Areas of Bangladesh”, Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 21 (1). 104-111. 2009.
[19]  Abedin, S., “Identification of Fertility Enhancing and Inhibiting Factors: A Study on Married Adolescents in Bangladesh”, Asian Social Science, 7 (5). 191-196. 2011.
[20]  Hair, J.F., Anderson, R.E., Tatham, R.L., and Black, W.C., Multivariate Data Analysis with Readings, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 4th ed., 1995.
[21]  Mardia, K.V., Kent, J.T., and Bibby, J.M., Multivariate Analysis, Academic press, London, 1980.
[22]  Johnson, R.A. and Wichern, D.W., Applied Multivariate Statistical Data Analysis, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2002.
[23]  Hajian, K., Asnafi, N., and Aliakbarnia-Omran, F., “Birth Intervals and Associated Factors in Multi-Para Women Residing in Babol, Northern Iran”, Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 66 (18). 63-70. 2008.
[24]  Mostafa Kamal, S.M., “Contraceptive Use and Method Choice in Urban Slum of Bangladesh”. International Conference on Family Planning: Research and Best Practices, Kampala, Uganda, 15-18 November, 2009.
[25]  Bavel, J.V. and Kok, J., “Birth Spacing in the Netherlands: The Effects of Family Composition, Occupation and Religion on Birth Intervals 1820-1885”, European Journal of Population, 20 (2). 119-140. 2004.