American Journal of Public Health Research
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American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016, 4(3), 93-97
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-4-3-3
Open AccessArticle

Does Breast Cancer Risk Awareness Motivate Personal Prevention Practices: Findings from a Community-based Assessment?

Ouma J1, , Olang’ S2, Asweto CO3, 4, Obago IT1 and Kaseje D2

1University of Kabianga, Kabianga, Kenya

2Tropical Institute of Community Health, Great Lakes University of Kisumu, Kisumu, Kenya

3School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China

4School of Health Science, Great Lakes University of Kisumu, Kisumu, Kenya

Pub. Date: April 26, 2016

Cite this paper:
Ouma J, Olang’ S, Asweto CO, Obago IT and Kaseje D. Does Breast Cancer Risk Awareness Motivate Personal Prevention Practices: Findings from a Community-based Assessment?. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016; 4(3):93-97. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-3-3

Abstract

Breast cancer, is the leading cause of cancer specific mortality. But nearly 80% of the mortality is preventable by early diagnosis. We assessed knowledge and practice of breast cancer prevention by women in a rural community setting. Data was collected on demographics, family history, knowledge and practice of breast cancer by interviewer administered questionnaire. Knowledge (including knowledge of risk) and practice were measured using a response-based score to a set of 9 and 10 questions respectively. Prevalence odds ratio was calculated to estimate association between independent and outcome variables. Knowledge of breast cancer risk was low (14.2%). Family history and socioeconomic status were significantly associated with knowledge; respondents with more than eight years of school were more likely to have higher knowledge (OR=2.859; CI=1.578-5.178). Practice of prevention was equally low (17.2%). Practice was significantly associated with knowledge; respondents with higher knowledge of prevention were more likely to practice prevention (OR=6.8; CI=3.308-14.104). We propose that community-based risk communication and awareness creating programs may motivate breast cancer prevention practices. Women of lower socio-economic status should especially be targeted with such interventions. There is need to develop these into a sustainable community-based health education program.

Keywords:
breast cancer knowledge practice community prevention

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