American Journal of Public Health Research
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American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016, 4(1), 16-22
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-4-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Practice, Pattern and Challenges of Solid Waste Management in Onitsha Metropolis, Nigeria

Obiageli F Emelumadu1, Obed C Azubike2, Chinomnso C Nnebue3, , Ngozi FAzubike1 and Queencallista N Sidney-Nnebue4

1Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University/University Teaching Hospital NAU/NAUTH, Nnewi Nigeria

2Department of Physiotherapy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi Nigeria

3Department of HIV Care and Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi Nigeria

4National Gallery of Art, Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation, Igboukwu Nigeria

Pub. Date: January 12, 2016

Cite this paper:
Obiageli F Emelumadu, Obed C Azubike, Chinomnso C Nnebue, Ngozi FAzubike and Queencallista N Sidney-Nnebue. Practice, Pattern and Challenges of Solid Waste Management in Onitsha Metropolis, Nigeria. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2016; 4(1):16-22. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-4-1-3


Background: Despite efforts at making municipal solid waste management (MSWM) effective, one key challenge faced by the state and local environmental protection agencies in Nigeria has been inconsistencies in the pattern of solid waste management by households. Objective: To determine the practice, pattern and challenges of solid waste management in Onitsha Metropolis. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study of 425 households in Onitsha Metropolis, selected using multistage sampling technique was done. Quantitative data was collected by interview using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire and analysed using computer Graph Pad Prism version 5.3. Tests of statistical significance were carried out using ANalysis Of Variance followed by multiple comparison done using post hoc Tukey’s HSD (honestly significant difference) test. A p value of < 0.05 was considered significant. Qualitative data was obtained using key informant interviews. Results: The mean age of the respondents is 36.84±12.21years. Whereas 244 (57.4%) use government facilities / services, 47 (11.1%) dump theirs on streets and drainages. Two hundred and ninety five (60.90%) practice some form of waste segregation. There were statistically significant differences between the areas of residence and household solid waste disposal personnel (p<0.05), patterns of solid waste disposal (p<0.05) and solid waste separation (p<0.05) respectively. Conclusions: The study revealed poor waste management practices as well as some relationship between area of residence and waste disposal personnel, pattern of waste disposal and waste separation respectively. Strategies for improving the MSWM in Onitshaare thus suggested.

Solid waste management pattern challenges Onitsha metropolis

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