American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajphr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015, 3(5A), 203-205
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5A-43
Open AccessResearch Article

Burden of Dermatological Disorders in Remote Hilly Region of Western Nepal: A Community Health Camp-based Study

Ajay Kumar1, , Prasanna Raj Shrestha1, Jenny Pun1, Pratichya Thapa1, Merina Manandhar1 and Brijesh Sathian2

1Department of Dermatology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara

2Department of Community Medicine, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara

Pub. Date: October 28, 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Scenario 2015; Millennium Development Goals)

Cite this paper:
Ajay Kumar, Prasanna Raj Shrestha, Jenny Pun, Pratichya Thapa, Merina Manandhar and Brijesh Sathian. Burden of Dermatological Disorders in Remote Hilly Region of Western Nepal: A Community Health Camp-based Study. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015; 3(5A):203-205. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5A-43

Abstract

Population based cross-sectional surveys depicting the magnitude of dermatological diseases among the hilly population in Nepal, where limited resources are available for skin care. The study aimed to measure prevalence of dermatological conditions and associated factors in remote hilly region of Nepal. The cross sectional study was done in September 2014 in a multispecialty medical camp held in remote hilly area of western Nepal to find out the pattern and assess the relation of various demographic factors with the type of dermatological disorders. All the cases were examined by a dermatologist in natural light and a clinical diagnosis was made. 153 cases were examined (total camp cases were 1132), camp prevalence of 13.51%. Patients were from one month of age to 90 years old with mean age of 25.69. The commonest cutaneous diseases encountered were bacterial infections(56/153). Odds ratio of infectious and non infectious disease in current smokers and non-smokers was 1.60. There was no statistically significant relation in type of dermatoses and age group (p=0.55), socioeconomic status (p=0.43), education level (p=0.74), occupation (p=0.24).

Keywords:
cutaneous morbidity western nepal health camp

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  WHO. Epidemiology and management of common skin diseases in children in developing countries. 2005. Available at http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2005/WHO_FCH_CAH_05.12_eng.pdf. Accessed March 10, 2015.
 
[2]  Shrestha DP, Gurung D, Rosdahl I. Prevalence of skin diseases and impact on quality of life in hilly region of Nepal. JIOM2012; 34:44-9.
 
[3]  Williams HC. Epidemiology of skin disease. In: Burns T, Breathnach S, Cox N, Griffiths C, editors. Rook's Textbook of Dermatology. 8 th ed. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell; 2010. 6.1-6.19.
 
[4]  Annual Report 2069/70 (2012/2013) of Department of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Population, Nepal. phpnepal.org/index.php?listId=855.Accessed March 10, 2015.
 
[5]  Bickers DR, Lim HW, Margolis D, Weinstock MA, Goodman C, Faulkner E et al. “The burden of skin diseases: 2004: A joint project of the American Academy of Dermatology Association and the Society for Investigative Dermatology.” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2006; 55: 490-500.
 
[6]  Burgoyne JS. Dermatology in Nepal. Int Jdermatol 1974; 13: 104-6.
 
[7]  Devi T, Zamzachin G. Pattern of skin diseases in Imphal. Indian J Dermatol 2006; 51:149-50.
 
[8]  Shrestha R, Lama L, Gurung D, Shrestha DP, Rosdahl I.Pattern of skin diseases in a rural village development community of Nepal. NJDVL 2014; 12:41-4.
 
[9]  Rao GS, Kumar SS, Sandhya. Pattern of skin diseases in an Indian village. Indian J Med Sci2003; 57: 108-10.
 
[10]  Joel JJ, Jose N, Shastry CS. Patterns of Skin Disease and Prescribing Trends in Rural India. SchAcad J Pharm 2013; 2: 304-9.
 
[11]  Emmanouil K S, Konstantin K, Ioannis D K, Ioannis K, Ioannis L, Philalithis A et al.Primary care and pattern of skin diseases in a mediterranean island. BMC FamPract 2006; 7: 6.
 
[12]  Walker SL, Shah M, Hubbard VG, Pradhan HM, Ghimire M. Skin disease is common in rural Nepal: results of a point prevalence study. Br J Dermatol 2008; 158: 334-8.
 
[13]  Hay RJ, Johns NE, Williams HC, Bolliger IW, Dellavalle RP, Margolis DJ et al. The Global Burden of Skin Disease in 2010: An Analysis of the Prevalence and Impact of Skin Conditions. J Invest Dermatol. 2014; 134: 1527-34.
 
[14]  Bairwa M, Rajput M and Sachdeva S. Modified Kuppuswamy’s Socioeconomic Scale: Social Researcher Should Include Updated Income Criteria, 2012.Indian J Community Med. 2013; 38: 185-186.
 
[15]  Health Condition in Nepal. www.nrfn.edu.np/index.php/medical/health-condition-in-Nepal.Accessed March 10, 2015.
 
[16]  Jha AK, Gurung D. Seasonal variation of skin diseases in Nepal: a hospital based annual study of out-patient visits. Nepal Med Coll J 2006; 8: 266-8.
 
[17]  Grills N, Grills C, Spelman T, Stoove M, Hellard M, El-Hayek C et al. Prevalence survey of dermatological conditions in mountainous north India. Int J Derma.