American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015, 3(5A), 190-193
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5A-40
Open AccessResearch Article

Motorcycle Accident Profile in Manipal Teaching Hospital

Ranjeet Niraj1, , Krishna Sapkota1, Pratyenta Raj Onta1, Pabin Thapa1, Upendra Junj Thapa1, Prakash Dware1 and Sushil Sharma1

1Department of Orthopedics, MTH, Pokhara, Nepal

Pub. Date: October 28, 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Scenario 2015; Millennium Development Goals)

Cite this paper:
Ranjeet Niraj, Krishna Sapkota, Pratyenta Raj Onta, Pabin Thapa, Upendra Junj Thapa, Prakash Dware and Sushil Sharma. Motorcycle Accident Profile in Manipal Teaching Hospital. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015; 3(5A):190-193. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5A-40


This is a prospective descriptive study conducted at Manipal Teaching Hospital (MTH), where 140 patients seen at Emergency Room and OPD with a history of motorcycle accident from May 2015 to August 2015 were studied. Results showed that a high percentage of males 121 (86.4%) were involved in motorcycle accidents. Peak age range was 31-40 years old (61) (43.5%). Most of the motorcycles were manufactured in India (118) (84.2%). Single rider type of motorcycle accounted for 32(22.8%) of cases with a average speed of 50-70 km/hr (76.4%). The driver of the motorcycle was significantly involved in 106(75.7%) of cases. Alcohol intake was found in 40(28.6%) and non-license holder was 22 (15.7%) among accident victims. Abrasions 92(65.7%) was the predominant injury sustained followed by fractures 28(20%), lacerations 15(10.7%), and hematoma 10 (7.1%) in isolation or in combination. Combination of pain relievers128(91.4%), antibiotics 95(67.8%), suturing 18(12.8%), antitetanus 107(76.4%) and fracture management 21(15%) were the mode of management for these accidents. Most patients seen were discharged 116(82.8%) with home medications, wound care and follow-up, and only 24(17.2%) were admitted for observation and specific medical and surgical management.

motorcycle accidents manipal teaching hospital

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Department of Transportation Office, Land Transportation office statistics section, Pokhara, Nepal.
[2]  Lim-Quizon, MC et al. Injury Among Children in the Philippines: A Situationer. Book Launching and Road Safety Forum, Manila 2004.
[3]  Orsay E, Holden JA, Williams J, Lumpkin JR. Motorcycle trauma in the state of Illinois: Analysis of the Illionois department of Public Health trauma registry. Ann Emerg Med. 1996 Mar;27(3):389-91.
[4]  Chesham, D.J., Rutter, D.R. and Quine, L.Motorcycling safety research: A review of the social and behavioral literature. Social Science and Medicine 1993 Mar;37:419-429.
[5]  Mannering FL and Grodsky LL. Statistical Analysis of Motorcyclists’ perceived Accident Risk. Accident Analysis and prevention 1995;27:21-31.
[6]  Everett, S.A., Shults, R.A., Barrios, L.C., Sacks, J.J., Lowry, R. and Oeltmann, J. Trends and subgroup differences in transportation related injury risk and safety behaviours among high school students, 1991-1997. Journal of Adolescent Health 2001;28:228-234.
[7]  Sathian B, Sreedharan J, Baboo NS, Sharan K, Abhilash ES, Rajesh E. Relevance of Sample Size Determination in Medical Research. Nepal Journal of Epidemiology 2010; 1 (1): 4-10.
[8]  Kong LB, Lekawa M, Navarro RA, McGrath J, Cohen M, Margulies DR, Hiatt Jr. Pedestrian-Motor Vehicle trauma: An analysis of injury profiles by age. J Am Coll Surg. 1996 Jan;182(1):17-23.
[9]  Peek-Asa C, McArthur DL, Kraus JF. The prevalence of non-standard helmet use and head injuries among motorcycle riders. Accid Anal prev. 1999 May;31(3):229-33.
[10]  Veronese AM, De Oliveria DL, ShimitzTdos S. Characterization of motorcyclists admitted in the emergency hospital of Porto Alegre. Rev GauchaEnferm. 2006 Sep;27(3):379-85.
[11]  Hurt, H.H., Oullet, J.V. and Thom, D.R. Motorcycle Accident Cause Factors and Identification of Countermeasures, Volume 1: Technical Report. January 1981.