American Journal of Public Health Research
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American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015, 3(5A), 29-33
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5A-7
Open AccessResearch Article

A Profile of Common Morbidities among Elderly Rural Indian Population

Ayan Ghosh1, , Deblina Sarkar1, Ranabir Pal2 and Bijoy Mukherjee3

1Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, Kalyani, West Bengal, India

2Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

3Department of Community Medicine, Katihar Medical College and Hospital, Katihar, Bihar, India

Pub. Date: October 28, 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Scenario 2015; Millennium Development Goals)

Cite this paper:
Ayan Ghosh, Deblina Sarkar, Ranabir Pal and Bijoy Mukherjee. A Profile of Common Morbidities among Elderly Rural Indian Population. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015; 3(5A):29-33. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5A-7


Understanding health problems among elderly and health-seeking behavior is prerequisite for proving comprehensive geriatric care to them. The study was undertaken to document the prevalence of common morbidities among elderly rural population A community based cross sectional study was conducted on the census population aged 60 years & above residing permanently in the rural field practice area of Katihar Medical College using predesigned and pretested questionnaire with clinical assessment of morbidity status assessed using criteria of primary care by WONCA International Classification Committee. Gastro intestinal was most common disorder which constituted 51.04 percent of total study population. Osteoarthritis was present in 49.65 percent of total study population. Cardiovascular problems were seen in 41.29 percent population. Total respiratory morbidity (ARI, Asthma, and COPD) was seen in 41 percent of total study population. Total neurological morbidity (Epilepsy, Hemiplegia & Parkinsonism) was found in only 2.5 percent of total study population. Non-specific Generalized weakness was found in 22.73 percent of population. Diabetes mellitus was recorded only in 9.51 percent of population. Majority of the study population were Independent according to the total scores obtained from instrument of Activities of Daily living (ADL), which is 91.18 percent of the total participant. Almost 9 percent elderly needs some assistance. The present study showed that Government health facility was the most frequent (54.06%) first place of contact for health care among elderly. Only 22.97 percent of population went to private physician. 7.88 percent visited AYUSH, 5.10 percent Quacks & 9.98 percent used self-medication. The present study identified a high prevalence of morbidities in elderly age. It also pointed out various socio-demographic, nutritional, and environmental modifiable risk factors which can be tackled by effective behavior change communication of the community supported models as practiced in the developed countries.

geriatric morbidity Bihar rural ADL

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