American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015, 3(5), 182-186
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5-1
Open AccessReview Article

A Desktop Evaluation of the Potential Impact of Nanotechnology Applications in the Field of Environmental Health in a Developing Country

Levani Naidoo1, and Emilie Joy Kistnasamy1

1Programme: Environmental Health, Department of Community Health Studies, Durban University of Technology, Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa

Pub. Date: September 07, 2015

Cite this paper:
Levani Naidoo and Emilie Joy Kistnasamy. A Desktop Evaluation of the Potential Impact of Nanotechnology Applications in the Field of Environmental Health in a Developing Country. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015; 3(5):182-186. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-5-1


Nanotechnology is the latest addition to enhancing lifestyles of the human population. It also has an impact on the core parts that are vital to the well-being of humanity and its’ sustainability. Nanotechnology has been researched and is implemented in a number of countries at a commercialized level. However, in South Africa, nanotechnology is still being explored at grassroots with a few private industries implementing it. Based on research, the public health sector is expected to benefit the most from the application of nanotechnology. An environmental health practitioner plays a key role in ensuring the health and sustainability of the human population. The purpose of this desktop study is to generally explore the uses of nanotechnology in the Public Health sector with specificity to food, health and water remediation in the context of environmental health in South Africa and evaluate the possible impacts nanotechnology will have in the South African society. Proposed recommendations to be considered on how to address the use of nanotechnology in the current state of South Africa are made along with identifying the gaps in research in nanotechnology pertaining to South Africa.

nanotechnology health food safety water remediation primary health care South Africa

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  South Africa, South African Government, National Nanotechnology Strategy. Available from: [Accessed 1st July 2015].
[2]  Environmental Health. World Health Organisation, Available from: [Accessed 1st July 2015].
[3]  South Africa. 2015. Health Professions Act 56 of 1974 Available from: [Accessed 1st July 2015].
[4]  Delgado-Ramos, G.C., “Nanotechnology in Mexico: Global trends and national implications for policy and regulatory issues,” Technology in Society, 37. 4-15. 2013.
[5]  Musee, N., “Nanotechnology risk assessment from a waste management perspective: Are the current tools adequate?” Human and Experimental Toxicology, 30(8). 820-835. 2010.
[6]  Sahoo, S.K., Parveen, S., Panda, J.J., “The Present and future of nanotechnology in human health care,” Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine, 3. 20-31. 2007.
[7]  Oliveira, J.L., Campos, E.V.R., Bakshi, M., Abhilash, P.C., Fraceto, L.F., “Application of nanotechnology for the encapsulation of botanical insecticides for sustainable agriculture: Prospects and promises,” Biotechnology Advances, 32. 1550-1561. 2014.
[8]  Gruère, G.P., “Implications of nanotechnology growth in food and agriculture in OECD countries,” Food Policy, 37. 191-198. 2012.
[9]  Takeuchi, M., Kojima, M., Luetzow, M., “State of the art on the initiatives and activities relevant to risk assessment and risk management of nanotechnologies in the food and agricultural sectors,” Food Research International, 64. 976-981. 2014.
[10]  Bhattacharyya, A., Bhaumik, A., Rani, P.U., Mandal, S., Epidi, T.T., “Nano-particles – A recent approach to insect pest control,” African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(24). 3489-3493. June 2010.
[11]  Brame, J., Li, Q., Alvarez, P.J.J., “Nanotechnology-enabled water treatment and reuse: emerging opportunities and challenges for developing countries,” Trends in Food Science & Technology, 22. 618-624. 2011.
[12]  Lind, M.L., Jeong, B.H., Subramani, A., Huang, X.F., Hoek, E.M.V., “Effect of mobile cation on zeolite-polyamoride thin film nanocomposite membrances,” Journal of Materials Research, 24(5). 1624-1631. 2009.
[13]  Ajetunmobi, A., Prina-Mello, A., Volkov, Y., Corvin, A., Tropea, D., “Nanotechnologies for the study of the central nervous system,” Progress in Neurobiology, 123. 18-36. 2014.
[14]  Wolbring, G., “Nanotechnology for health and development,” Society for International Development, 49(4). 6-15. 2006.
[15]  Santos-Magalhães, N.S., Mosqueira, V.C.F., “Nanotechnology applied to the treatment of malaria,” Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 62. 560-575. 2009.
[16]  Hoyt, V.W., Mason, E., “Nanotechnology emerging health issues,” Journal of Chemical Health and Safety, March/April 2008.
[17]  DeLouise, L.A., “Applications of Nanotechnology in dermatiology,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 132. 964-975. 2012.
[18]  Num, S.M., Useh, N.M., “Nanotechnology applications in veterinary diagnostics and therapeutics,” Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 11(2). 10-14. 2013.
[19]  Singer, P.A., Salamanca-Buentello, F., Daar, A., “Harnessing Nanotechnology to Improve Global Equity,” Issues in Science and Technology, 21(4). 57-64. 2005.
[20]  Ezema, I.C., Ogbobe, P.O., Augustine, D.O., “Initiatives and strategies for development of nanotechnology in nations: a lesson for Africa and other least developed countries,” Nanoscale Research Letters, 9(133). 1-8. 2014.