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American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015, 3(4), 167-173
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-3-4-7
Open AccessReview Article

Association of Cost and Quality of Diets with Risk of Non-Communicable Diseases: A Review

Kanika Agarwal1, , Ravinder Chadha1 and Nikhil Tandon2

1Department of Food and Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, Sikandra Road, New Delhi, University of Delhi, India

2Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India

Pub. Date: July 08, 2015

Cite this paper:
Kanika Agarwal, Ravinder Chadha and Nikhil Tandon. Association of Cost and Quality of Diets with Risk of Non-Communicable Diseases: A Review. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015; 3(4):167-173. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-4-7


This review aims to examine evidence on whether dietary costs explain variations in diet quality; and that diet cost is an indicia of risk of non communicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes etc. A thorough review of scientific literature available on PubMed and Google Scholar on diet cost and diet quality was undertaken. Research shows that the energy dense-nutrient poor diets are cheaper and have a lower diet quality compared to nutrition rich diets. One reason behind this may be that since energy dense foods are dry and have a stable shelf life and give more energy per unit cost while foods with lower energy density like fruits and vegetables are perishable. Education is shown to be related to high diet quality in some studies. Few studies have shown that the diet cost and body mass index as well as waist circumference are inversely related; however no association was seen between diet cost and risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

diet cost energy density energy cost diet quality non-communicable disease

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