American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajphr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015, 3(4A), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-3-4A-1
Open AccessResearch Article

Nutritional Deficiencies: Major Public Health Problem in Nepal

Suresh Chandra Devkota1, , Asis De1 and Brijesh Sathian1

1Department of Community Medicine, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal

Pub. Date: June 26, 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maternal and Child Health)

Cite this paper:
Suresh Chandra Devkota, Asis De and Brijesh Sathian. Nutritional Deficiencies: Major Public Health Problem in Nepal. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015; 3(4A):1-5. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-4A-1

Abstract

Nutritional deficiency is a major public health challenge in Nepal. Nutritional deficiencies are occurring varying degree of manifestations and have tremendous impact not only on the health of vulnerable population but to the national economy too. Even though quite adequate government policies and guidelines have been prepared, over the years, basic nutrition promotion strategies haven’t been applied seriously at the community level. The major causes of nutritional deficiency in developing country like Nepal is poverty, lack of food security and nutrition education. Combating the deficiency seems a big challenge hence Government should develop more integrated and practical approaches to combat the deficiency. Nutrition promotion and support efforts should be ensured to reach specially to the needy, marginalized populations. Mere policy and strategy cannot yield foreseeable results. There is a strong need to improve the health service delivery systems which can ensure the desired change. This review study is an attempt to the draw attention of concerned authorities and public health researcher, to explore more information which can be helpful in revising the current approaches and in turn helps in achieving government’s desired goal: eradication of hunger and malnutrition from the country.

Keywords:
Nutritional Deficiency Underlying Causes Poverty Nutrition Education

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  MoHP.National Nutrition Policy and Strategy, Department of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Population, 2004.
 
[2]  DoHS. Nepal Demographic Health Survey, Ministry of Health and Population, Kathmandu, 2005
 
[3]  New Era. Nepal Micronutrient Status Survey, 1998. Available from: http://www.newera.com.np/research/20s/20_nutrition.htm
 
[4]  DoHS. Nepal Demographic Health Survey, Ministry of Health and Population, Kathmandu, 2012.
 
[5]  WHO. Low Birth Weight: Country, Regional and Global Estimates, World Health Organization, Geneva, 2005.
 
[6]  MoAD, FSMU and FSMU. The Nepal Food Security Bulletin, Ministry of Agricultural Development, Food Security Monitoring Unit, World Food Program Food Security Monitoring and Analysis Unit, 2013
 
[7]  Caulfield L, Onis M, et al. Undernutrition as an underlying cause of child deaths associated with diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria, and measles, American Journal of Clinical nutrition, 2004, 80 (1): 193-8.
 
[8]  WHO. Nutrition: an Input and Foundation for Health. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.
 
[9]  D. Poudel, et al, Trends and Determinants of Neonatal Mortality in Nepal: Further Analysis of the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys, 2013. http://www.who.int/nmh/media/speeches/nmh_adg_speech_SCN_2006_slides.pdf
 
[10]  WHO. Global Nutrition Target 2025: Wasting Policy Brief. World Health Organization, 2014. http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/globaltargets_wasting_policybrief.pdf
 
[11]  World Bank. Nutrition in Nepal: A national Development Priority. World Bank, Washington DC, USA, 2012
 
[12]  World GDP Lost due to Malnutrition [online] 2013 [cited 2015 June 15]. Available from: http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/up-to-5-per-cent-of-world-gdp-lost-due-to-malnutrition-un/article4781355.ece
 
[13]  Bain L, Awah P, Geraldine N, et al. Malnutrition in Sub – Saharan Africa: Burden, Causes and Prospects, Pan African Medical Journal, 2013. Available from: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/15/120/full/
 
[14]  Thapa S. High and Equitable Coverage of Vitamin A Supplementation Program in Nepal, Journal of Community Medicine and Health, 2014. Vol. 4, no 2, pp 272-278.
 
[15]  DoHS. Annual Report 2070/71, Department of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Population, Kathmandu, Nepal, 2015.
 
[16]  NPCS. Baseline Survey: Capacity Building of Health Workers for Nutrition Support in Nepal, Nutrition Promotion and Consultation Services, Kathmandu, 2006.
 
[17]  CBS. Nepal Living Standard Survey, Central Bureau of Statistics, National Planning Commission Secretariat, Kathmandu, 2010/11. Available from: 02/Statistical_Report_Vol1.pdf
 
[18]  ILO, Global Employment Trends 2014, International Labor Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2014.
 
[19]  UNICEF. Under nutrition Contributes to Half of all Deaths in Children under 5 and is Widespread in Asia and Africa, United Nation Children’s Fund, New York, USA, 2014.
 
[20]  Jamison D. Child Malnutrition and Social Performance in China, Journal of Development Economics, 1986, 20: 299-309.
 
[21]  Alderman H, Behraan J, et al. Child Health and School Enrollment: a Longitudinal Analysis, Journal of Human Resources, 2001.
 
[22]  Hunt I, Jacob M, Ostegard N, et al. Effect of Nutrition Education on the Nutritional Status of Low-income Pregnant Women of Mexican Descent, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1976. 29 (6): p. 675-684.
 
[23]  Casey G, Jolley D, Phuc T. Long-Term Weekly Iron-Folic Acid and De-Worming Is Associated with Stabilized Hemoglobin and Increasing Iron Stores in Non-Pregnant Women in Vietnam, Plosone, 2010.
 
[24]  WHO. Guideline: Intermittent Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation in Menstruating Women, World Health Organization, Geneva, 2011.
 
[25]  Martorell R. The Roll of Nutrition in Economic Development, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 1996.
 
[26]  UNDP, Nepal’s Millennium Development Goals Progress Report, United Nations Development Programs, 2013.36:203-205