American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajphr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Public Health Research. 2014, 2(3), 91-98
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-2-3-5
Open AccessArticle

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Leptospirosis in Catbalogan City, Samar, Philippines

Charmaine R. Quina1, Joseph U. Almazan1, and Juniel B. Tagarino1

1Clinical Instructors, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Samar State University, Philippines

Pub. Date: May 03, 2014

Cite this paper:
Charmaine R. Quina, Joseph U. Almazan and Juniel B. Tagarino. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Leptospirosis in Catbalogan City, Samar, Philippines. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2014; 2(3):91-98. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-2-3-5

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a global bacterial infection that can kill millions of people through contact of mucous membranes or broken skin with water moist soil contaminated with the urine of infected animals. This study determines Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Leptospirosis among barangay residents, health workers, and barangay officials in Catbalogan, City Samar. The study employed the analytical research design, analysis as to any differences in the level of knowledge and extent of practice of prevention and control strategies were made with the use of T-test. There were 187 respondents of the study which included the health workers, barangay officials, and selected residents of six barangays in Catbalogan City. Findings revealed that information dissemination through mass media (TV) is the number one preventive and control strategy to avoid leptospirosis and this could be one of the information that they could share to members of the family and friends. The common prevention and control strategies practiced by the three groups of respondents were to maintain cleanliness on the surrounding and to keep good hygiene. The health workers and barangay officials “frequently practiced” them while the barangay residents “always practiced” them. The Barangay health workers in the RHU and local government unit must have proper information dissemination regarding Leptospirosis, it emphasized environmental sanitation, teaching about the proper safety precautions and develops the interest of the respondents. Moreover, another study is conducted in other city/municipality to ascertain the level of awareness and knowledge of the community residents, thereby validating the findings of this study.

Keywords:
leptospirosis leptospirosis knowledge leptospirosis attitudes leptospirosis

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Christian A, Matthias, MA Richards, DC, Brouwer, KC, Cunningham CB, Eddy RS, Gilman, RH, Eduardo G, Vinetz, “ Determining Risk for Severe Leptospiros ”Molecular Analysis of Environmental Surface Waters for Pathogenic Leptospira. Pmed 0030308.
 
[2]  Heymann, D., “Control of Communicable Diseases” American Public Health Association, pp 306-309, 2008.
 
[3]  Christian A, Matthias, MA, Richards, DC, Brouwer, KC, Cunningham CB, Eddy RS, Gilman, RH, Eduardo G, Vinetz, “ Determining Risk for Severe Leptospiros ”Molecular Analysis of Environmental Surface Waters for Pathogenic Leptospira. pmed 0030308.
 
[4]  Jansen, SI, Alpers, Frank K, Schneider T, Stark K, 2005. “Leptospirosis in Germany”, Emerging Infectious Disease, vol 11, no 7, July 2005.
 
[5]  Ganoza CA, Matthias MA, Collins-Richards D, Brouwer KC, Cunningham CB, “Determining risk for severe leptospirosis by molecular analysis of environmental surface”, Waters for pathogenic Leptospira, PLoS Med 3 (8): e 308, 2006.
 
[6]  Surveillance for Waterborne Disease and Outbreaks Associated with Recreational Water Use and Other Aquatic Facility-Associated Health Events --- United States, 2005--2006. MMWR / 57 (SS09): 1-29. September 12, 2008.
 
[7]  Water Sanitation and Health (WSH) Water-related diseases, WHO http://www.who.int/topics/leptospirosis/en/2003.
 
[8]  Griffith, M.E., D.R. Hospenthal and C.K. Murray, Antimicrobial therapy of leptospirosis. Curr. Opin. Infect. Dis., 19: 533-537. 2006.
 
[9]  Watch out for signs of leptospirosis. Republic of the Philippines Department of Health. January 2012.
 
[10]  Thailand Flood Crisis and Disease Control Situation Report. 10 November 2011.
 
[11]  Victoriano, AF, Lee DS, Barzaga, Nina Gloriani, Cavinta, LL, KasaiT, Limpakarnjanarat, K, Ong, BL, Gongal, GLeptospirosis in the Asia Pacific region. BMC Infectious Diseases.September 2009.
 
[12]  Leptospirosis CPG Leptospirwww.psmid.org.ph available on pdfpedia. http://www.pdfpedia.com/download/14368/leptospirosis-cpg-2010-table-of-contents-pdf.html. 2012.
 
[13]  MGB completes geohazard map of Catbalogan City. 2011.
 
[14]  Jansen, SI, Alpers, Frank K, Schneider T, Stark K, 2005. “Leptospirosis in Germany”, Emerging Infectious Disease, vol 11, no 7, July 2005.
 
[15]  Wiwanitkit VDR,. knowledge aspects of leptospirosis among a sample of rural villagers in the highly endemic area, Thailand, Rural & Remote Health : 526 (Online). 2006.
 
[16]  Deodhar NS, “Epidemiological perspective of domestic and personal hygiene in India”, International Journal of Environmental Health Research, Volume 13, Supplement 001, p. S 47-S 56, 2003.
 
[17]  Brethes B, Puech PL, Fraisse A, Dubois P, Domenech J, Bourdin P, Moreau JP, Capdevielle P, Dessouter D, Lambert M, “ Pasteur de Nouméa, Nouvelle-Calédonie” 36 (6): 436-42, 1999.
 
[18]  Phraisuwan, Phran, S, Tharmaphornpilas, EA, Piyanit, Guharat, GS, Leptospirosis: Skin Wounds and Control Strategies, Thailand. The Healthcare Journal, p 5, ISSN 2012-4015 Issue 3 May 2010
 
[19]  Barwick, RS., , HO.,, PL.,, ME., “Epidemiologic features of equine Leptospira interrogans of human significance, ”Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 36 (2) Pages 153-167. August 1998.
 
[20]  Wiwanitkit VDR,. knowledge aspects of leptospirosis among a sample of rural villagers in the highly endemic area, Thailand, Rural & Remote Health : 526 (Online). 2006.
 
[21]  ER Cachay, JM Vinetz J Postgrad. Increasing Trends of Leptospirosis in Northern India: A Clinico -Epidemiological Study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4 (1): e 579.