American Journal of Public Health Research
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American Journal of Public Health Research. 2022, 10(1), 27-31
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-10-1-5
Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Health Coaching and Education on the Control of Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Mona Hamdy Soliman1, , Roqaya Ali Alqahtani2, Bashyer Alhothali2, Soulaf Alsaeed2 and Soha Aly Elmorsy3

1Primary Care and Pereventive Medicine, Patient Education and Health Promotion King Abdallah Medical City, Saudi Arabia

2Faculty Umm Al-Qura University, College of Public Health and Health Informatics Hospital, Saudi Arabia

3Medical Pharmacology, Kasr Alainy School of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt

Pub. Date: January 11, 2022

Cite this paper:
Mona Hamdy Soliman, Roqaya Ali Alqahtani, Bashyer Alhothali, Soulaf Alsaeed and Soha Aly Elmorsy. The Effect of Health Coaching and Education on the Control of Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2022; 10(1):27-31. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-10-1-5


Aims/hypothesis: This study aims to test the effect of health coaching and education on the control of Type 2 diabetes in terms of HbA1c. Methods: We enrolled 123 participants; (61 control and 62 intervention). This randomized controlled trial compared usual care with an intervention that entailed health-coaching skills. The inclusion criteria as follows: age 18 years, HbA1c 6.5 or more and diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. The data were collected from the outcome measures at baseline and after three months of follow up. The primary outcome was HbA1c; secondary outcome was BMI (Body Mass Index). The data were analyzed using linear regression. Results: The participants in the intervention group had significant improvements in HbA1c (Diabetes Empowerment Scale, with a mean difference of 1.78 % compared to that of the control group (p=0.032) and a decrease in BMI (with a mean difference of 0.9 kg/m2 compared to that of the control group, p <0.001). Conclusions: Diabetes health coaching has an Major role in healthcare that facilitates self-care, behavior change and offers frequent follow up and support. Health coaching for those with diabetes is an effective intervention for improving glycemic control.

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