American Journal of Public Health Research
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American Journal of Public Health Research. 2020, 8(6), 209-213
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-8-6-5
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Risk Factors among Adult Individuals in Selected Areas of Bangladesh

Md. Nahian Rahman1, , Syeda Saima Alam2, Abu Zobayed3, Md. Mahedi Hasan4, Shaidaton Nisha1, Mosharop Hossian5, Md. Mehedi Hasan1 and Khaleda Islam6

1MSc, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

2Lecturer, Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

3M.Pharm, Department of Clinical Pharmacy & Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

4Nutrition Consultant, District Nutrition Coordinator (DNC), Kishorganj, UNICEF, Bangladesh

5BSc, Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

6Professor, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: October 27, 2020

Cite this paper:
Md. Nahian Rahman, Syeda Saima Alam, Abu Zobayed, Md. Mahedi Hasan, Shaidaton Nisha, Mosharop Hossian, Md. Mehedi Hasan and Khaleda Islam. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Risk Factors among Adult Individuals in Selected Areas of Bangladesh. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2020; 8(6):209-213. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-8-6-5

Abstract

Objective: To assess the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its risk factors among individuals aged 18 years and above. Study design: cross-sectional. Methods: This study was conducted among 400 adults aged 18 to 93 years old from Dhaka, Mymensing, Sylhet and Khulna District in Bangladesh. A multistage sampling technique was used to select study participants. We carried out frequency tabulation, bivariate and multivariate regression analyses to achieve the study objective. Result: The prevalence of DM was 9.75%. Study participants with high waist circumference were 2.57 times more likely to be DM positive compared to those whose waist circumference was normal (OR = 2.57). Respondents who were overweight (OR = 2.587) and obese (OR = 4.17) were more at risk of having DM than those who had normal weight. Individuals with smoking habit were about 1.253 times more likely to have DM compared to participants who never smoked in their lifetime. Respondents who were inactive were 5.587 times at more risk of being DM positive than those were active. Female respondents were more (OR = 1.568) at risk of having DM than male respondents. Respondents aged 36-50 years old, 51-65 years old and 66-93 years old were 1.475 times, 2.136 times and 2.563 times more risk of having DM than 18-35 years old respondents. Conclusion: Health care system in Bangladesh urgently needs policy guidelines to monitor prevalence and associated factors regarding DM.

Keywords:
prevalence diabetes mellitus DM associated risk factors adult Individuals Bangladesh

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