American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajphr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Public Health Research. 2019, 7(6), 209-216
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-7-6-4
Open AccessArticle

Factors Affecting Immunization Status of Children Aged 12-23 Months in Goba Town, Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia

Ahmed Yasin Mohammed1, and Abate Lette Wodera1

1Department of Public Health, Goba Referral Hospital, Madda Walabu University

Pub. Date: December 22, 2019

Cite this paper:
Ahmed Yasin Mohammed and Abate Lette Wodera. Factors Affecting Immunization Status of Children Aged 12-23 Months in Goba Town, Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2019; 7(6):209-216. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-7-6-4

Abstract

Background: Immunization is a proven vaccination tools in preventing and eradicating communicable disease. Even though increase in global immunization coverage many children around the world especially in developing countries still left unvaccinated. About one million children in Ethiopia were unvaccinated in 2007 and only 20% of the countries children are fully vaccinated in 2005. Objectives: To assess immunization status and factors affecting it among children aged 12-23 months in Goba town. Method: A cross sectional community based study was conducted from April 28 to May 04, 2016 in Goba town, Bale zone, southeast of Ethiopia using pretest, structured questioner and a systematic random sampling was used and data collected through face to face interview. A total of 280 children of aged between 12-23 months from 280 household were selected. Data was by using SPSS 20 software. Result: In this study 94.6% of children were vaccine. About 99.6% 0f mothers heard about vaccination and vaccine preventable disease and 94.6% awarded correctly the benefit of immunization. About 52.1% of children were fully vaccinated by card plus recall, and 5.4% children were unvaccinated. Conclusion: There is low immunization coverage among children aged 12-23 months in the town. Antenatal care follow up, institutional delivery and awareness of mothers about the age at which child begins and finishes the vaccination are significant predictor of child immunization status.

Keywords:
immunization status under one child fully immunized months in Goba town Ethiopia

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Shey W, Zainab W, Linda R, Gregory H, improving communication for immunization in Africa: the plan Afr med J 2009; 4: 2.
 
[2]  World Health Organization (WHO), immunization in practice; modules for health staff up date. Geneva. 2004.
 
[3]  Abrol A, Galhotra A, Agarwal N, Bala A,Goel K, immunization status in aslum in Chandigarh, Indiaa . the internet J of health. 2009, 8(2): 155.
 
[4]  WHO, immunization against disease of public health importance, Geneva . 2005 fact sheet number 288.
 
[5]  Gore P, Madhavan S, Currt D, predictors of child hood immunization completion in rural population. Soc sci and med. 1999, 48: 1011-27.
 
[6]  Kidane T, Yigezaw A, Sahilemariam Y, Bucto T, Mengistu H, Belay T, et at. 2006 national EPI coverage report Ethiopian journal health development 2008, 22(2): 148-57.
 
[7]  Lulseged S, Mkasha A, Brahane Y, common child hood disease. in Berhane Y. hailematiam D, Helmut K, editors, epidemiology and ecology of health and disease in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, shamo Book, 2006.p.p354-68.
 
[8]  FMOH, Ethiopian child survival strategy in department family health. Editors, Addis Ababa 2005.
 
[9]  WHO, UNICEF, World Bank, state of the world’s vaccine and immunization, 3rd ed. Geneva. WHO. 2009.
 
[10]  UN, MDG, 2000. [cited 2010, September 13]. Available from, http/www.unmillaniumproject.org/goals gtc.ht.
 
[11]  WHO reported measles cases and incidence rates by WHO member states 2009, 2010 as of 13 August 2010. Geneva: WHO 2010.
 
[12]  Birhane Y. Universal Childhood Immunization: a realistic yet not achieved goal Ethiopian Journal of Health Development. [editorial]. 2008; 22(2): 146-7.
 
[13]  WHO, fact sheet N° 288 immunization against disease of public health importance Geneva 2005 [cited 2010 September 10]: available from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheet/zs 288/en/ index. htm/.
 
[14]  WHO, UNICEF, World bank, status of the world’s vaccine and immunization program in Ethiopia, In: berhaney Hailemariam D, Helmus K, editors. Epidemiology and ecology of health
 
[15]  Addisie MFA, Edris MMD, Eredie A,Woreto K, Abate EME, Tilaye T, et al. EPI model for Ethiopia health center Team. Gondar university 2002.
 
[16]  WHO, Ethiopia routine EPI activities, immunization schedule, 2008, Available from: http://www.who.int/countries/eth/areas/immunization/routine/en/index3.htmI and disease in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa; shama books : 2006. p.354-68
 
[17]  WHO, immunization coverage cluster survey reference manual. Geneva 2005.
 
[18]  FMOH, Ethiopia child survival strategy in department family health, edito. Addis Ababa 2005.
 
[19]  FROH. health and health related indicators in department planning and program. Editor. Addis Ababa 2008.
 
[20]  Olumyiwa OO, Ewan FA. Francois PM, Vincet IA, Determinant of vaccination coverage in rural Nigeria, BMC public health 2008, 8(381):2458-8.
 
[21]  Partha D.B.N.B. determinant of child immunization in four less developed status of North India. Journal of child health care 2002: 6(34).
 
[22]  Odiit A, Amnga B, comparison of vaccination status of children born in health units and those born at home East Africa Medical journal 2003:18(1):3-6.
 
[23]  Central Statics Agency (CSA), ORS Marco, Ethiopia demographic and health survey 2005, Addis Ababa Calverton mary and USA: center statics agency and ORS Marco 2006.
 
[24]  Ibnouf A, Vanden borna H, Maarse J, factors influencing immunization coverage among children under five years of age in Khartoum state, Sudan SA Fam pract 2007; 49(8): 14c.f.
 
[25]  Abdul Q, Rukh sano G, Azharul I. K, Jasimu, Meghla I, Faiz A, et al, programmatic aspect of drop out in child vaccination in Bangladesh finding from a prospective study. Asia pacific journal of public health 2010; 23(1): 141-50.
 
[26]  Bisrat F, Work UA, core group polio project base line survey, in Ethiopia 2008.
 
[27]  World Health Organization (WHO), Global elimination of measles, Geneva, WHO 16 April 2009.
 
[28]  Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey, 2011, Central Statistical Agency (CSA) Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ICF internal Calverton, Maryland, USA, March 2012.