American Journal of Public Health Research
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American Journal of Public Health Research. 2019, 7(1), 1-8
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-7-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Health Impact Analysis of Some Outdoor Atmospheric Aerosols (Pm2.5, SO2, CO & CH4) in F.C.T Abuja and Environs, Nigeria

M. S. Shehu1, , I. Umaru2 and B.W. Tukura3

1Department of Physics, Baze University, Abuja, Nigeria

2Depertment of Physics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria

3Depertment of Chemistry, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria

Pub. Date: January 20, 2019

Cite this paper:
M. S. Shehu, I. Umaru and B.W. Tukura. Health Impact Analysis of Some Outdoor Atmospheric Aerosols (Pm2.5, SO2, CO & CH4) in F.C.T Abuja and Environs, Nigeria. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2019; 7(1):1-8. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-7-1-1

Abstract

The analysis of some outdoor atmospheric aerosols such as PM2.5, SO2, CO and CH4 in Federal capital territory (FCT) Abuja, Nigeria was carried out, the study covered all the six (6) area councils “AMAC, Abaji, Bwari, Kuje, Kwali and Gwagwalada” of the FCT. Analysis was conducted for a cumulative data of one year period (2017-2018) based on monitoring satellite data within altitude of 6 Km from the ground levels, which was collected by National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA), Abuja, Nigeria. The data came in NETCDF format, extracted by a specialized software called the Arc Map 10.4.1, converted and exported in DBF format which can be read by Microsoft excel. Result of the analysis shows the pollutant various Air Quality Index (AQI) and pollutant mean concentrations (PMC), also the AQI and the maximum concentration of each pollutant in all the study areas were compared with the respective annual standard set by WHO, SO2 was found to be ten thousand (10,000) times above 20 μg/m3, CO is within the safe range, 10 times lower than 0.01 ppm, PM 2.5 was (2) times lower than 10 μg/m³ and CH4 are above the WHO/NIOSH threshold limit value of 1000 ppm with 50 percent increment. The effect varies for a different group of people (sensitive to insensitive), therefore they are said to have a deterministic effect.

Keywords:
atmospheric aerosols Air Quality Index (AQI) health impact analysis

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