American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019, 7(1), 14-23
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-7-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Effect of the Nursing Practice of Creative Art Therapy on Psychiatric Symptoms among Schizophrenic Patients

Samah Ramadan Ibrahim1 and Faten Mohmed Ahmed1,

1Lecturers of Psychiatric and Mental health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Benha University

Pub. Date: December 10, 2018

Cite this paper:
Samah Ramadan Ibrahim and Faten Mohmed Ahmed. Effect of the Nursing Practice of Creative Art Therapy on Psychiatric Symptoms among Schizophrenic Patients. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019; 7(1):14-23. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-7-1-3

Abstract

Background: People with schizophrenia tend to experience difficulties in social function, self-care, high rates of unemployment, and social exclusion due to cognitive impairment and schizophrenia symptoms therefor; the Art therapy was first organized in the 1930s. At the beginning of the twentieth century, psychiatrists studied the artwork of patients to see if there was a link between the art and the illness of their patients. This study was aimed to explore outcome from the nursing practice of creative arts therapy on Psychiatric symptoms among Schizophrenic Patients. Methods: Quasi-experimental design study used. Setting: The study was conducted at the Psychiatric Mental Health Hospital in Benha City, which is affiliated to the Ministry of Health. The tool was used to collect the data for this study consists of three parts: Part I: Socio-demographic data. Part II: clinical data. Part III: The symptom checklist-90 (SCL90): Arabic version of symptom checklist-90 adopted by El Behair [1], to evaluate psychiatric symptoms. Results:- This study showed that more than one third of patients aged between 45 to less than 55 years old with the mean and standard deviation is 38.23±18.51, where the nearly of two thirds of study subject were male and more than two thirds from rural areas and have family responsibility. Conclusion:- schizophrenic patients had a significant psychiatric symptoms related to their illness and there was significant reduction in their psychiatric symptoms after the Practice of creative art therapy. The study recommended Furthermore researches about creative art therapy intervention on schizophrenic patients in other hospitals and on other psychiatric disorders such as mood disorders e.g. bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. And Future research should include some interdisciplinary projects in which musicians and psychiatric health care professionals collaborate as ateam work.

Keywords:
Nursing Creative art therapies psychiatric symptoms schizophrenic patients nursing

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