American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2018, 6(3), 94-104
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-6-3-3
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Nursing Intervention on Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude, and Health Behaviors among Pregnant Women

Hend Abdallah EL Sayed1, and Samah Abd Elhaleim Said2

1Obstetrics and Woman Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Benha University, Egypt

2Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Benha University, Egypt

Pub. Date: March 19, 2018

Cite this paper:
Hend Abdallah EL Sayed and Samah Abd Elhaleim Said. Effect of Nursing Intervention on Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude, and Health Behaviors among Pregnant Women. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2018; 6(3):94-104. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-6-3-3

Abstract

Background: Good oral health during pregnancy can not only improve the health of pregnant women but also potentially the health of newborn. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of nursing intervention on oral health knowledge, attitude, and health behaviors among pregnant women. Design: A quasi-experimental design was utilized. Sample: A purposive sample of 188 pregnant women was recruited according to inclusion criteria. The sample was allocated to study and control groups (94 women in each group). Setting: The study was conducted at obstetric s and gynecology outpatient clinic affiliated to Benha University Hospital. Tools of data collection: 1) a structured interviewing questionnaire which consisted of three parts; demographic characteristics, obstetric history, and pregnant women's knowledge regarding oral health. 2) Pregnant women's attitude towards oral health questionnaire. 3) Pregnant women's oral health behaviors sheet. Results: The majority of both groups had poor knowledge and negative attitude regarding oral health. In addition, there were no significant differences in health behaviors scores between both groups (P ˃ 0.05) before intervention. However, one month after intervention, 84.0% of the study group had good knowledge compared with 0.0% of the control group, 78.7% of the study group had positive attitude and only 6.4% of the control group. The health behaviors scores were significantly higher in the study group than the control (P<0.001). Conclusion: There is positive effect of nursing intervention in improving the pregnant women's knowledge, attitude as well as health behaviors regarding oral health. Recommendations: Provision of oral health education for pregnant women during antenatal care in order to highlight the importance of good oral health.

Keywords:
attitude behaviors knowledge nursing intervention oral health pregnant

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