American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(6), 209-218
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-6-3
Open AccessArticle

Application of Peplau’s Theory Model to Overcome Intestinal Parasites and Anemia among Schoolchildren

Nehal Allam1, 2, , Zeinab Al Orapy1, 2 and Wafa A.AL Megrin2

1Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Egypt

2Faculty of Science, Princes Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Kingdom of Saudia Arabia, Arabia

Pub. Date: November 29, 2017

Cite this paper:
Nehal Allam, Zeinab Al Orapy and Wafa A.AL Megrin. Application of Peplau’s Theory Model to Overcome Intestinal Parasites and Anemia among Schoolchildren. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017; 5(6):209-218. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-5-6-3

Abstract

Aims: This study monitored the effect of applying therapeutic interactions model based on Peplau's theory on schoolchildren’s health status and prevention of intestinal parasite infestation and anemia .We assessed children and parents' knowledge, skills, and adaptive behaviors for dealing with intestinal parasite infestation and anemia. Design. A descriptive quantitative, pre/post-test design was used, with an age and sex-matched control group. Nonprobability, purposive sampling of 600 schoolchildren was recruited from 6 primary schools in East and South Cairo governorate, Egypt. Methods. There were 6 stages of data collection as this more clearly explains the content of this section. I. A pre/post Peplau's theory model questionnaire for structured interviews II. Pre/post application of interpersonal process of therapeutic interaction model assessment format which is based on Peplau’s theory and includes 4 phases. III. Observation Checklists (pre/post format). IV. Child/Parent Guidance Booklet. V. Parasitological Examination VI. Blood sample analysis Results. There were highly significant effects of model application on schoolchildren health, and a strong association between prevention and management. Conclusions. The study concluded that prevalence of intestinal parasite infection and anemia between the 2 settings was significant. Following the intervention, child health status was excellent and schoolchildren had a complete understanding of care management.

Keywords:
intestinal parasites anemia Peplau's Theory schoolchildren risk factors

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