American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(4), 129-138
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-4-4
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Two Educational Methods on Knowledge and Health Beliefs Regarding Prostate Cancer Screening

Heba Al-kotb1, and Samia Gaballah2

1Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Suez Canal University, Egypt

2Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Suez Canal University, Egypt

Pub. Date: August 09, 2017

Cite this paper:
Heba Al-kotb and Samia Gaballah. Effect of Two Educational Methods on Knowledge and Health Beliefs Regarding Prostate Cancer Screening. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017; 5(4):129-138. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-5-4-4

Abstract

Prostate cancer is a common health problem that in the majority of cases starts to develop at the age of 50 years, reaching its peak at 60–70 years of age. One way to decrease the burden of prostate cancer is early detection through screening. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different of education methods on knowledge and health belief regarding prostate cancer screening. Design: experimental and comparative approach design was utilized. Setting; the study was conducted at different administration departments enter the cordon of Suez Canal University. Sample: A purposive sample of 240 of men over 50 years and accepted in participating in the study and divided into two groups randomly (a group education and multimedia education). Tools: Data were collected through two main tools; I-A self-administered questionnaire to assess socio demographic characteristic and knowledge regarding prostate cancer prevention, questionnaire to assess participates in prostate cancer screening. II- health belief model to assess change in health beliefs during baseline, first and second post-test. Results; During the study, group education has participated in prostate cancer screening more than multimedia group. The group education raised the susceptibility perception on prostate cancer screening and while decreasing the barrier perception. Conclusion: the group education had a significant difference in the knowledge and health beliefs for prostate cancer screening more than multimedia education. Recommendation: Dissemination of prostate cancer screening through multimedia education based on HBM among men over 50 years to prevent the risk of prostate cancer.

Keywords:
prostate cancer screening group education multimedia education

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