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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(4), 115-128
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-4-3
Open AccessArticle

Effects of Deferred Versus Early Umbilical Cord Clamping on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes

Wafaa Taha Ibrahim Elgzar1, Heba Abdel-Fatah Ibrahim2, and Hanan Heiba Elkhateeb3

1Obstetrics and Gynecologic Nursing, Damanhour University, Damanhour, Egypt

2Obstetrics and Woman Health Nursing, Benha University, Benha, Egypt

3Ostetrics and Gynaecology Medicine, General Organization of Teaching Hospitals and Institutes, Damanhour, Egypt

Pub. Date: August 03, 2017

Cite this paper:
Wafaa Taha Ibrahim Elgzar, Heba Abdel-Fatah Ibrahim and Hanan Heiba Elkhateeb. Effects of Deferred Versus Early Umbilical Cord Clamping on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017; 5(4):115-128. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-5-4-3


Background: Recent protocol proposed by the World Health Organization to manage the third stage of labour replaced the early cord clamping by deferred cord clamping to induce numerous neonatal benefits. But this practice is still resisted in most of the Arab countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of deferred versus early umbilical cord clamping on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Methods: A quasi experimental research design was utilized. The study was conducted at labour unit in Damanhour National Medical Institute. Sample: A convenience sample of 150 parturient women undergoing normal vaginal delivery were randomly divided in two groups; deferred cord clamping (n= 75) and early cord clamping (n= 75). Tools: Three tools were used for data collection; 1) Structured interview schedule to collect data about the women' demographic characteristics and reproductive history. 2) Maternal outcomes assessment sheet. 3) Neonatal outcomes assessment sheet to assess the immediate and late neonatal outcomes. Results: There were no statistically significant differences (P > 0.05) between deferred and early cord clamping groups in relation to the maternal risk for post-partum hemorrhage, duration of third stage of labour and the need for manual removal of the placenta. Furthermore, a highly statistically significant differences (p < 0.001) were observed regarding neonatal hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red blood cells between the two groups. The mean total bilirubin level was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the deferred cord clamping group than early cord clamping group. Conclusion: The study concluded that deferred umbilical cord clamping did not increase the risk of maternal post-partum hemorrhage, duration of third stage of labour or the need for manual removal of the placenta. Also, deferred cord clamping significantly increased neonatal hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red blood cells level without serious elevation in the total bilirubin level as it was still in the low intermediate risk or below 75th percentile. Recommendation: Institutionalization of deferred cord clamping in all governmental hospitals and medical educational settings through providing policies, procedures and guidelines regarding this practice. This could significantly improve the intra-natal care for the neonate without harmful consequences for the mother.

deferred cord clamping full term newborns maternal and neonatal outcomes placental transfusion

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