American Journal of Nursing Research
ISSN (Print): 2378-5594 ISSN (Online): 2378-5586 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(2), 63-69
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-2-4
Open AccessArticle

Relationship between Nurses' Absenteeism and Their Organizational Commitment at Menoufyia University Hospitals

Hayam Ahmed Al-Sharif1, Enas Ali Kassem2 and Wafaa Mohamed A. Shokry1,

1Lecturer of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Egypt

2Professor of Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Egypt

Pub. Date: May 04, 2017

Cite this paper:
Hayam Ahmed Al-Sharif, Enas Ali Kassem and Wafaa Mohamed A. Shokry. Relationship between Nurses' Absenteeism and Their Organizational Commitment at Menoufyia University Hospitals. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017; 5(2):63-69. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-5-2-4


Absenteeism and organizational commitment in nursing are attitudes reflecting on productivity, quality of patient care, and the personal life of nursing staff. The aim of the current study was to determine the relationship between nurse's absenteeism and their organizational commitment at Menoufyia University Hospitals. Descriptive research design was used. The study was conducted in all units at Menoufyia University Hospitals. A simple random sample of staff nurses who were participated in the study, their total numbers were 200 staff nurses. Tools of data collection were Self-administered Questionnaire, Organizational Commitment Questionnaire, and Absenteeism Records. The study findings revealed that there was a highly significant difference between nurses' commitment and emergency leaves (P<0.001), annual leaves (P<0.001), and the total of absence days at P<0.001, and a significant with sick leaves (P=0.03). The current results illustrated that there was a significant difference between nurses' job commitment and health-related factors (P=0.01) and the highly significant with rules of absenteeism (P=0.003). The main causes of nurses' absenteeism were workplace factors (85.5%) and lack control of absenteeism (82.5%). In conclusion, the rate of nurses' absenteeism has the negative impact on their organizational commitment. The study recommends with planning and implementing strategies for nurses' absenteeism control including; encourage staff nurse's motivation to attend; reducing nurse's illness absence by providing free health promotions; developing employee's policy of an attendance to decrease the rate of absenteeism. In addition to improving the workplace for nurses through providing incentives, child care centers, and good opportunities for training.

nurses absenteeism organizational commitment

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Kely P. (2012): Nursing Leadership and Management. 3rd edition, International Edition, 3, 75.
[2]  William L., and Tierney K. (2007). Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. 2nd Edition.
[4]  Oliveira M.L., and Becker S.G. (2008). Study on the absenteeism of nursing professionals in a psychiatric center in Manaus, Brazil. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem, 16(1).
[5]  Nyathi M., and Jooste K. (2008) Working conditions that contribute to absenteeism among nurses in a provincial hospital in the Limpopo Province.
[6]  Unruh L. Joseph L. and Strickland M. (2007). Nurse Absenteeism and Work Load: Negative Effect on Restraint Use, Incident Reports and Morality. USA. Blackwell.
[7]  Marriner-Tomey A. (2008). Guide to Nursing Management and Leadership. 8th Edition, 25, 404-406.
[8]  Sullivian E. (2012). Effective Leadership and Management in Nursing. 8th Edition, 2012.
[9]  Chauke B.P., and Minnaar A. (2007). The Impact of Absenteeism on the Private Security Industry in Gauteng Province, South Africa. Master Thesis of Technologies' security Risk Management. The University of South Africa. 1-168.
[10]  Mudaly P., and Nkosi Z. (2013). Factors influencing nurse absenteeism in a general hospital Durban, South Africa. Journal of Nursing Management.
[11]  Singh R. (2012). Factors contributing to absenteeism of nurses in primary care centers in the EThekwini Municipal. Master Thesis of Nursing Science in the Faculty of Health Sciences at Stellenbosch University.
[12]  Belita A., Mbindyo P., and English M. (2013). Human Resources for Health. 11: 34. 17 July, 11:34.
[14]  Schalk R. (2011). The Influence of organizational commitment and health on sickness absenteeism: A longitudinal study. Journal of Nursing Management, 19 (5), 596-600.
[15]  Meyer J., and Allen N. (1997). Commitment in the workplace, Theory, research and application. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
[16]  Singh B., Gupta P., and Venugopal S. (2008). Organizational commitment: Revisited. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 34 (1), 57-68.
[17]  Sahnawaz M. G. and Juyal R. C. (2006). Human Resources Management Practices And Organizational Commitment in Different Organizations. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology. (32), 171-178.
[18]  Dorgham S.R. (2012). Relationship between organization work climate and staff nurses organizational commitment. Journal of Nature and Science, 10(5), 80-91.
[19]  Meyer J.P., and Allen N.J. (1991). A three-component conceptualization of organization commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1(1):61-89.
[20]  Jian W., and Anita M. A. (2006). A study on the relationship between organizational commitment and task performance in Chinese construction firms. In: 22nd Annual ARCOM Conference, 4-6 September 2006, Birmingham, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 207- 217.
[21]  Gaber M. (2002). Causes and patterns of absenteeism among nurses and head nurses at Elmina university hospitals. Thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Nursing administration in the Faculty of Nursing at Zagazig University.
[22]  Lok P. and Crawford J. (2004). The effect of organizational culture and leadership style on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Journal of Management Development, 23 (4): 321-338.
[23]  Gillies D.A. (1994). Nursing Management: System Approach. 3rd Edition, 5, 283-285.
[24]  Tripathi M., Mohan U., Verma R., Masih L., and Pandey HC. (2010). Absenteeism among nurses in a tertiary care hospital in India. Natl Med J India. 23(3): 143-6.
[25]  Somers M.J. (2010). Patterns of attachment to organizations: Commitment profiles and work outcomes. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 83, 443-453.
[26]  Becker SG, and Oliveira M.LC. (2008). Study on the Absenteeism of Nursing Professionals in a Psychiatric Center in Manaus, Brazil. Rev Latino-am Enfermagem Janeiro-fevereiro; 16(1): 109-14.
[27]  Evans J. (2011). A study on absenteeism in Trondheim’s nursing homes. Master’s thesis in Cultural, Social and Community Psychology.
[28]  Al-Aameri A.S. (2000). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment for nurses, Saudi Medical Journal, 21(6): pp. 531-535.
[29]  Azeem SM. (2010). Job Satisfaction and organizational commitment among Employees in the Sultanate of Oman. Psychology, 1, 295-299.
[30]  Dordevic B. (2004). Employee Commitment in Times of Radical Organizational Changes. Economics and Organization, 2, 2, 111-117.
[31]  Gaziel H.H. (2004) Predictors of absenteeism among primary school teachers. Social Psychology of Education 7, 421-434.
[32]  Brooke P.P., and Price J.L. (1989). The determinants of employee absenteeism: an empirical test of a causal model. Journal of Occupational Psychology 62, 1-19.
[33]  Price J.L. (1998) Estimation of causal model of absenteeism. Indian Journal of Labor Economics 41, 227-246.
[34]  Cohen A., and Golan R. (2007). Predicting absenteeism and turnover intentions by past absenteeism and work attitudes. An empirical examination of female employees in long term nursing care facilities.