American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(2), 63-69
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-2-4
Open AccessArticle

Relationship between Nurses' Absenteeism and Their Organizational Commitment at Menoufyia University Hospitals

Hayam Ahmed Al-Sharif1, Enas Ali Kassem2 and Wafaa Mohamed A. Shokry1,

1Lecturer of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Egypt

2Professor of Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Egypt

Pub. Date: May 04, 2017

Cite this paper:
Hayam Ahmed Al-Sharif, Enas Ali Kassem and Wafaa Mohamed A. Shokry. Relationship between Nurses' Absenteeism and Their Organizational Commitment at Menoufyia University Hospitals. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017; 5(2):63-69. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-5-2-4

Abstract

Absenteeism and organizational commitment in nursing are attitudes reflecting on productivity, quality of patient care, and the personal life of nursing staff. The aim of the current study was to determine the relationship between nurse's absenteeism and their organizational commitment at Menoufyia University Hospitals. Descriptive research design was used. The study was conducted in all units at Menoufyia University Hospitals. A simple random sample of staff nurses who were participated in the study, their total numbers were 200 staff nurses. Tools of data collection were Self-administered Questionnaire, Organizational Commitment Questionnaire, and Absenteeism Records. The study findings revealed that there was a highly significant difference between nurses' commitment and emergency leaves (P<0.001), annual leaves (P<0.001), and the total of absence days at P<0.001, and a significant with sick leaves (P=0.03). The current results illustrated that there was a significant difference between nurses' job commitment and health-related factors (P=0.01) and the highly significant with rules of absenteeism (P=0.003). The main causes of nurses' absenteeism were workplace factors (85.5%) and lack control of absenteeism (82.5%). In conclusion, the rate of nurses' absenteeism has the negative impact on their organizational commitment. The study recommends with planning and implementing strategies for nurses' absenteeism control including; encourage staff nurse's motivation to attend; reducing nurse's illness absence by providing free health promotions; developing employee's policy of an attendance to decrease the rate of absenteeism. In addition to improving the workplace for nurses through providing incentives, child care centers, and good opportunities for training.

Keywords:
nurses absenteeism organizational commitment

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