American Journal of Nursing Research
ISSN (Print): 2378-5594 ISSN (Online): 2378-5586 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajnr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2014, 2(4), 68-73
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-2-4-3
Open AccessArticle

The Directions of Child Care Activity in Ukraine at the Beginning of the 20th Century

Svetlana Luparenko1,

1Department of General Pedagogy and Pedagogy of Higher Education, Kharkiv G.S.Scovoroda National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Pub. Date: December 17, 2014

Cite this paper:
Svetlana Luparenko. The Directions of Child Care Activity in Ukraine at the Beginning of the 20th Century. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2014; 2(4):68-73. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-2-4-3

Abstract

Human personality and health are believed to be the most significant values in modern world. At the same time many scientists note the uniqueness and importance of childhood in the process of human development, as it is in childhood when the foundations for further life are laid: the most active development of all personal qualities, physical and mental health occurs. Thus, it is necessary to take certain steps to maintain children’s health and create conditions for their future successful life. From this point of view, it is useful to study the experience of child care steps taken in different counties of the world and during different historical periods. It would help to analyze advantages and disadvantages of certain measures and determine the possibilities of their use in modern conditions. This paper has been written on the basis of archive materials of the State Archive of Kharkiv Region and the State Archive of Odesa Region and reveals the directions of child care activity implemented by the government and social organizations in Ukraine at the beginning of the 20th century. These directions are patronage, children’s feeding, lease of apartments for children, providing children with financial support, taking steps aimed at strengthening of children’s health, support of the courts for juvenile offenders. It should be noted that the directions depend greatly on children’s peculiarities, local living conditions and specific features of organization of educational process at children’s establishments. That is why the realization of the directions can differ in certain situations.

Keywords:
children child care nursing children’s establishments health Ukraine

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  The State Archive of Kharkiv Region (SAKR). Fund 200-Kharkiv Societie of Spread of Literacy among People. Inventory 1, file 384-Очерк деятельности комитета и протоколы заседаний совета комитета школьных летних колоний и комиссии по постройке колоний [The essay on the committee activity and minutes of meetings of the committee board of school summer camps and commission on camp building], 1911, 26.
 
[2]  SAKR. Fund 200. Inventory 1, file 364-Доклад училищной комиссии (Н. А. Ширяева) о задачах, постановке и правильном устройстве летних школьных колоний. Отрывок научно-исследовательского доклада об организации детского воспитания и детских садов [School commission (N. A. Shyryayev) report on tasks, establishment and correct organization of school summer camps. The fragment of the scientific report on organization of children’s education and nursery schools], 1910, 50.
 
[3]  SAKR. Fund 200. Inventory 1, file 415-Положение о сельских дополнительных школах, отчеты комитета и отдельных школ и переписка о работе школ [The resolution on additional village schools, reports of the committee and some schools and correspondence on school work], 1913, 96.
 
[4]  Yaroshevich, Yu., “Про охорону дитинства” [About childhood protection], Світло, 9. 47-55. 1914.
 
[5]  Varyvdin, V., Klemantovych, I. Управление системой социальной защиты детства [The management of the system of childhood social protection], Russian Pedagogical Society, Moscow, 2004, 192.
 
[6]  Vasylkova, Yu, Vasylkova, T. Социальная педагогика: курс лекций [Social pedagogy: a course of lectures], Publishing Center “Academy”, 2006, 440.
 
[7]  Artyushkina, L., Polyanychko, A. Сирітство в Україні як соціально-педагогічна проблема (соціально-правовий аспект) [Orphanhood in Ukraine as a social-pedagogical problem (social-legal aspect)], Sumy State Pedagogical University, Sumy, 2002, 268.
 
[8]  Radchenko, G. “Державна політика соціального захисту родини, материнства і дитинства” [The state policy of social protection of families, motherhood and childhood], Збірник наукових праць Донецького державного університету управління «Державне регулювання галузей економіки». Серія «Державне управління», 35 (5). 253-262. 2004.
 
[9]  Ionova, O. “Образ дитини у Штайнер-педагогіці” [Image of child in Steiner-pedagogy], Історико-педагогічний альманах, 1. 44-48. 2012.
 
[10]  Lukashenko, O. Проблема збереження здоров’я учнів у вальдорфській педагогіці: автореф. дис.. .. канд. пед. наук: спец. 13.00.01 «Загальна педагогіка та історія педагогіки» [Problem of maintaining health in young learners in Waldorf pedagogy: Autoabstract of the dissertation for the degree of candidate of pedagogical sciences: Speciality 13.00.01-General Pedagogy and History of Pedagogy], Kharkiv G. S. Scovoroda National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, 2009, 20.
 
[11]  SAKR. Fund 509-Kharkiv Society of Children’s Physical Education and Protection. Inventory 1, file 5-Кассовый отчет и оправдательные документы на выдачу денег учителям за помещение и культурно-бытовое обслуживание [The cash register report and supporting documents for the issuance of money to teachers for classrooms and cultural and consumer services], 1915, 81.
 
[12]  SAKR. Fund 509. Inventory 1, file 8-Оп. 1, дело 8-Оправдательные документы на выдачу денег учителям за помещения и за культурно-бытовые услуги [Supporting documents for the issuance of money to teachers for classrooms and cultural and consumer services], 1918, 68.
 
[13]  SAKR. Fund 635-School Board of Kharkiv Region. Inventory 1, file 11-Протоколы заседаний комиссий [Minutes of meetings of the commissions], 1907, 19.
 
[14]  SAKR. Fund 200. Inventory 1, file 396-Исторический обзор о деятельности Харьковского общества-правления и его учреждений, устав, инструкция, отчет Московского общества грамотности [Historical overview of the activity of Kharkiv society board and its institutions, statute, instruction, report of Moscow Literate Society], 1912, 59.
 
[15]  SAKR. Fund 200. Inventory 1, file 457-Переписка о работе школ, об улучшении быта школ, заявления учителей на замещение вакантных должностей [Correspondence on school work, improvement of school life, teachers’ applications for filling vacant posts], 1915, 60.
 
[16]  SAKR. Fund 635. Inventory 1, file 17-Отчет о состоянии начальных училищ [The report on the state of primary schools], 1910, 23.
 
[17]  SAKR. Fund 509. Inventory 1, file 6-Кассовый отчет и оправдательные документы на выдачу денег учителям за помещение и за культурно-бытовые нужды [The cash register report and supporting documents for the issuance of money to teachers for classrooms and cultural and consumer needs], 1916, 92.
 
[18]  SAKR. Fund 266-The office of the director of public schools. Inventory 1, file 872-С циркулярными распоряжениями Министерства Народного Просвещения и Окружного начальства [The circular order of the Ministry of National Education and District authorities], 1914, 176.
 
[19]  The State Archive of Odessa Region (SAOR). Fund 316-The inspector of public schools of the 10th district of Kherson Region. Inventory 1, file 377-Педагогическая помощь детям беженцев и лиц, пострадавшим от военных действий [Pedagogical help to children of refugees and war-affected people], 1915-1921, 65.
 
[20]  SAOR. Fund 316. Inventory 2, file 35-Отчеты о работе народных училищ [The report on the work of public schools], 1909, 100.
 
[21]  SAOR. Fund 316. Inventory 1, file 144-О дет. садах, сиротских домах и приютах [The report on nursery schools, orphanages and shelters], 1912-1914, 49.
 
[22]  SAOR. Fund 316. Inventory 1, file 157-Дело Детского сада Общества содействия дошкольному воспитанию еврейских детей г. Одессы Песи Брун [The case on Pesya Brun nursery school of the Society of Promotion of Jewish Children’s Preschool Education in Odessa], 1912-1917, 46.
 
[23]  SAKR. Fund 200. Inventory 1, file 365-Исторический очерк по организации и изучению школьных детских каникулярных колоний за границей и в России [Historical essay on organization and study of children’s school holiday camps abroad and in Russia], 1910, 7.
 
[24]  SAKR. Fund 200. Inventory 1, file 385-Переписка о работе летних колоний, дневник педагога; об устройстве лотерей, вечеров в пользу оздоровления детей [Correspondence on the work of summer camps, teacher’s diary; information about organization of lotteries, parties in favor of children’s health improvement], 1911, 42.
 
[25]  SAKR. Fund 266. Inventory 1, file 927-Циркуляры [Circulars], 1916, 21.
 
[26]  SAOR. Fund 316. Inventory 1, file 330-Об открытии дет. садов, школ для беженцев и частных учебных заведений [Information about establishment of nursery schools, secondary schools for refugees and private educational establishments], 1915-1916, 120.
 
[27]  Альтернативні форми виховання дітей-сиріт [Alternative forms of young orphans’ education]. [Online]. Available: http://www.ua-referat.com/Альтернативні_форми_ виховання_дітей_сиріт.
 
[28]  SAOR. Fund 298-The directorate of public schools. Inventory 1, file 4-Сведения инспекторов народных училищ о народных библиотеках, о дошкольном образовании, о народном чтении и др. [Public schools inspectors’ information about public libraries, preschool education, public reading, etc.], 1915-1916, 136.