American Journal of Nursing Research
ISSN (Print): 2378-5594 ISSN (Online): 2378-5586 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajnr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020, 8(3), 352-360
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-8-3-5
Open AccessArticle

Self-efficacy of Postpartum Mothers toward Breastfeeding and the Affecting Factors

Amal Abdelaziz Ahmed1, , Asmaa Kamal Hassan2, Safaa H. Mohamed1 and Manal Aboelial Elkiat Hamad3

1Obstetrics & Gynecological Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Egypt

2Family & Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Egypt

3Psychatric nursing and mental health, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Egypt

Pub. Date: April 09, 2020

Cite this paper:
Amal Abdelaziz Ahmed, Asmaa Kamal Hassan, Safaa H. Mohamed and Manal Aboelial Elkiat Hamad. Self-efficacy of Postpartum Mothers toward Breastfeeding and the Affecting Factors. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 8(3):352-360. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-8-3-5

Abstract

Maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy (BFSE) is a powerful predictor of a mother’s confidence in breastfeeding and it is a modifiable factor can increase its success and rates. Aim: To examine the breastfeeding self-efficacy and identify factors affecting it during the postpartum period. Method: The descriptive-cross-sectional design was used on 360 postpartum women attended at four maternal and child health centers at Assuit city. A structured interview questionnaire of breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale Short Form (BSES-SF).The level of breastfeeding self-efficacy was a moderate among most of the studied women. The multivariate regression model showed that the variables of occupation of the mother, economic status, having a successful and exclusive breastfeeding experience had statistically significant relationships with breastfeeding self-efficacy. Numerous factors such as parity, previous breastfeeding, Sex of the infants that can affect the breastfeeding self-efficacy. Conclusion & Recommendation: Numerously non-modifiable and modifiable factors that can affect breastfeeding self-efficacy. A woman’s level of breastfeeding self-efficacy should be determined during the postnatal period. The healthcare providers pay attention to BFSES-SF and use it to identify the mothers at the risk of early cessation of breastfeeding. Proper strategies could be designed to increase the breastfeeding self-efficacy among this group of mothers and help them eliminate the barriers to breastfeeding.

Keywords:
breastfeeding self-efficacy postpartum period

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Ayodeji SA, Allen S A, and Deborah SA., (2019): A Systematic Review on Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa: Facilitators and Barriers, Acta Scientific Medical Sciences, Volume 3, Issue 7.
 
[2]  W.H.O, Breastfeeding, (2018): http://www.who.int/topics/breastfeeding.
 
[3]  Boateng G, Martin S, Tuthill E, Collins S, Dennis5 C, Natamba B, and Young S.,(2019): Adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the breastfeeding self-efficacy scale to assess exclusive breastfeeding, BMC Pregnancy, and Childbirth, Vol.19, No.73. Pp1-14.
 
[4]  Gumussoy S, and Atan SU.,(2019): The Effect of Maternal Adaptation on Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy, Worldwide Medicine, Vol.1, No.5, Pp.154-163.
 
[5]  Nepps P, and Horst M., (2019): Assessment of Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy in a Family Medicine Residency Practice, The Journal of Lancaster General Hospital, Vol. 14, No. 2, Pp53-55.
 
[6]  Henshaw E J, Fried R, Siskind E, Newhouse L, and Cooper M. (2015): Breastfeeding self-efficacy, mood and breastfeeding outcomes among primiparous women, Journal of Human Lactation, Vol. 31, No. 3, Pp. 511-518.
 
[7]  Nursan, C, Dilek, K, and Sevin, A. (2014): Breastfeeding self‐efficacy of mothers and the affecting factors, Aquichan, Vol. 14, No. 3, Pp.327-335.
 
[8]  Poorshaban F, Pakseresht S, Khalesi Z, andLeili E., (2017). Factors Associated with Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy of Mothers Within 6 Weeks of Delivery, Journal of Holistic Nursing and Midwifery, Vol. 27, No.1, Pp. 27-34.
 
[9]  Yang X., Gao L., Ip W., Chan W., (2016). Predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy in the immediate postpartum period: Across-sectional study, Midwifery, Vol. 41, No.17, Pp. 1-8.
 
[10]  Shahsavan Z, Oveisi S, and Jourabchi Z., (2019). Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling in Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy, J Holist Nurs Midwifery, Vol. 29, No. 3, Pp.176-183.
 
[11]  Baysal H, Turkoglu N, and Kucukoglu S., (2014). Comparison of perception of breastfeeding self-efficacy of mothers with healthy and sick children, Journal of Dr. Behcet Uz Child Hosp, Vol. 4, No. 1, Pp.31-36.
 
[12]  Alus Tokat M, Serçekuş P, Yenal K, and Okumuş H., (2015). Early postpartum breastfeeding outcomes and breastfeeding self-efficacy in Turkish mothers undergoing vaginal birth or cesarean birth with different types of anesthesia, International Journal of Nursing Knowledge, Vol. 26, No. 2, Pp 73-79.
 
[13]  Otsuka, K, Taguri, M, Dennis, C L, Wakutani, K, Awano, M, Yamaguchi, T, and Jimba, M., (2014): Effectiveness of a breastfeeding self‐efficacy intervention: Do hospital practices make a difference, Maternal, and Child Health Journal, Vol. 18, No.1, Pp.296-306.
 
[14]  Tuthill E L, McGrath J M, Graber M, Cusson R M, and Young S. L. (2015). Breastfeeding self-efficacy: A critical review, Journal of Human Lactation, Vol. 32, No.1, Pp 35-45.
 
[15]  Nankumbi J, Mukama A, and Ngabirano T., (2019). Predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy among women attending an urban postnatal clinic, Uganda, Nursing Open., Vol.6, Pp.765-771.
 
[16]  Dennis CL, Faux S. (1999). Development and psychometric testing of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. Res Nurs Health.; 22(5): 399-409.
 
[17]  Dennis CL., (2006). Identifying predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy in the immediate postpartum period, Research in Nursing & Health, Vol. 29, Pp256-268.
 
[18]  Amini P, Omani-Samani R, Sepidarkish M, Almasi-Hashiani A, Hosseini M, and Maroufizadeh S., (2019). The Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES-SF): a validation study in Iranian mothers, BMC Research Notes, volume 12, No.622.
 
[19]  Saghooni N M, Barez MA, Moeindarbari S, and Karimi F.Z., (2017). Investigating the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy and its Related Factors in Primparous Breastfeeding Mothers, Int J Pediatr, Vol. 5, No.12, Pp. 6275-6283.
 
[20]  Guimarães CM, Conde RG, Gomes-Sponholz FA, Oriá MO, and Monteiro JC., (2017). Factors related to breastfeeding self-efficacy immediate after birth in puerperal adolescents, Acta Paul Enferm, Vol. 30, No.1, Pp.109-115.
 
[21]  Lee CY, and Yim WI, (2008). The Efficacy of Breastfeeding in Chinese Women With Different Intra partum Experiences: a Hong Kong Study, Journal of Gynecology and Midwifery of Hong Kong, Vol. 8, Pp 13-17.
 
[22]  Tokat MA, Okumus H, and Dennis C.L., (2010). Translation and Psychometric Assessment of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale: Short Form among Pregnant and Postnatal Women in Turkey, Journal of Midwifery, Vol. 26, Pp. 101-108.
 
[23]  Hassanpoor SH, Bani S, Ansari S, and Ebrahimy H., (2010). Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy in Pregnant Women Referred to Health centers in Ahwaz, Journal of Nursing and Midwifery of Tabriz, Vol. 19, Pp 47-53.
 
[24]  Maleki-Saghooni N, Barez MA, Moeindarbari S, and Karimi F.Z., (2017). Investigating the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy and its Related Factors in Primparous Breastfeeding Mothers, Int J Pediatr, Vol.5, N.12, Pp, 6275-6283.
 
[25]  Pakseresht S, Pourshaban F, and khalesi Z., (2017). Comparing maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy during the first week and sixth week postpartum, Electronic Physician, Vol.9, No.2, Pp3751-3755.
 
[26]  Husin H, Isa Z, Abd Latif K, Ariffin R Abd Rahman S, and Ghazi H.,(2017): Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form Reliability and Validity Assessment, Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, Vol. 17, No. 2, Pp. 62-69.
 
[27]  Melo Dodt R, Ximenes L, and Almeida P., (2012). Psychometric and Maternal Sociodemographic Assessment of the Breastfeeding Self-efficacy Scale: Short form in a Brazilian Sample, Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, Vol.2, No.3, Pp.66-73.
 
[28]  Rodrigues AP., Maris S., Cardoso C., &Azevedo L., (2013). Factors Those Influence in Self-Efficacy of Breastfeeding: An Integrative Review, J Nurs UFPEVol.7, Pp. 4144-4152.
 
[29]  Uchoa JL, Oliveira EK, Gomes AL, Joventino ES, Javorski M, and Ximenes L.B., (2012). Influence on Conditions of The Newborns About The Maternal Self-Efficacy in Breastfeed, Journal Nurs UFPE online, Vol. 6, No. 8, Pp.1798-1804.
 
[30]  Zhu J, Chan WC, Zhou XYe B, and He H.G., (2014). Predictors of breastfeeding self- efficacy among Chinese mothers: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey, Midwifery, Vol. 30,Pp.705-711.
 
[31]  Hicyilmaz BD, and Acikgoz I., (2017). The association between breastfeeding self-efficacy, breastfeeding attitude, social-professional support and breastfeeding control, Turk Clin Nurs Sci, Vol. 9, No.2, Pp. 133-143.
 
[32]  Mirghafourvand M, Malakouti J, Charandabi SM, and Farid and F., (2018). Predictors of Breastfeeding Self-efficacy in Iranian Women: A Cross-Sectional Study, International Journal of Women's Health and Reproduction Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 3, Pp. 380-385.
 
[33]  Mannion CA, Hobbs AJ, McDonald SW, and Tough S.C., (2013). Maternal perceptions of partner support during breastfeeding, International Breastfeeding Journal, Vol. 8, No.4.
 
[34]  Abbass-Dick J, Stern SB, Nelson LE, Watson W, and Dennis CL., (2015). Co parenting breastfeeding support and exclusive breastfeeding: a randomized controlled trial, Pediatrics, Vol.135, p102-110.
 
[35]  Rahmatnejad L, and Bastani F., (2012). An investigation of Breast Feeding Self Efficacy and its Relationship with exclusive breastfeeding, Alborz University Medical Journal, Vol.1, No 1, Pp.31-6.
 
[36]  Varei S.h, Mehrdad N., Bohrani N., (2009). Relationship between Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy and breastfeeding status in Mothers, Hayat, Vol. 15, No.3, Pp 31-38.