American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020, 8(3), 331-343
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-8-3-3
Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Applying a Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique on Nausea and Vomiting Induced by Chemotherapy among Leukemic Children

Rana Saleh Refaat Mohamed Amer1, , Mohamed Mersal Hamad2 and Rabab El-Sayed Hassan El-Sayed3

1B.Sc. Nursing, Mansoura University, Egypt

2Professor of teaching exercises methods, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Faculty of Physical Education, Mansoura University, Egypt

3Professor of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura University, Egypt

Pub. Date: March 24, 2020

Cite this paper:
Rana Saleh Refaat Mohamed Amer, Mohamed Mersal Hamad and Rabab El-Sayed Hassan El-Sayed. The Effect of Applying a Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique on Nausea and Vomiting Induced by Chemotherapy among Leukemic Children. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 8(3):331-343. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-8-3-3

Abstract

Background: Although the using of several anti-emetic medications, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting have still considered the most prevalent problems for patients receiving chemotherapy agents. Applying a progressive muscle relaxation technique as complementary and alternative medicine may reduce chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Aim: Assess the effect of applying a progressive muscle relaxation technique on nausea and vomiting induced by chemotherapy among leukemic children. Design: A clinical trial. Setting: Oncology Center affiliated to Mansoura University, Mansoura City. Subjects: a convenience sample of 66 children who attended the previously mentioned setting were equally and randomly divided into control and study groups. Tools of data collection: A questionnaire sheet, Rhodes Index of Nausea and Vomiting Form 2 and Behavioral relaxation self-rating scale. Results: Children in the study group were less experienced acute and delayed attacks of nausea and vomiting in relation to the frequency and distress, as well as showing a significant increase in the relaxation feeling compared to children in the control group who received only routine care. Conclusion: The study findings proved the positive effect of applying a progressive muscle relaxation technique in reducing nausea and vomiting induced by chemotherapy among leukemic children of the study group. Recommendation: Providing in-service training and regular educational programs or courses about progressive muscle relaxation technique as complementary and alternative medicine to internalize the natural methods for improving health and relieving nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy.

Keywords:
chemotherapy leukemic children nausea progressive muscle relaxation technique vomiting

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