American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020, 8(2), 269-277
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-8-2-16
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Anxiety, Stress, Depression, and Coping Pattern among Pregnant Women with Preeclampsia

Samia I Hassan1, Ahlam Mohammed Ibrahim Gouda1, , Ahmed El-Monshed2 and Hanan Abderahman Mostafa Kandeel3

1Woman's Health & Midwifery, Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura University, Egypt

2Psychiatric and Mental health Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Mansoura University, Egypt

3Obstetric and Gynecologic Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University, Egypt

Pub. Date: February 11, 2020

Cite this paper:
Samia I Hassan, Ahlam Mohammed Ibrahim Gouda, Ahmed El-Monshed and Hanan Abderahman Mostafa Kandeel. Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Anxiety, Stress, Depression, and Coping Pattern among Pregnant Women with Preeclampsia. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 8(2):269-277. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-8-2-16

Abstract

Aim: Investigate the effect cognitive behavioral therapy on anxiety, stress, depression, and coping pattern among pregnant with pre- eclampsia. Method: Design: Quazi experimental (pre and posttest) design. Setting: Antenatal outpatient clinic and high-risk inpatient department in Mansoura University Hospital. Subjects: Eighty eix pre- eclamptic women who attending antenatal outpatient clinic, and high risk inpatient department, Mansoura University Hospital, subjects were divided randomly into two equal groups. Tools: Five tools were used for data collection, structured interview schedule, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Perceived stress scale (PSS), Beck depression inventory-II (BDI-II) and Coping Patterns Scale: Adopted from Genedy. Results: The study findings revealed that there was a statistical significant difference in scores of depression, anxiety, and stress pre and post the cognitive behavioral therapy among the intervention group (P≤0.001) with large effect size (η2=0.7). Conversely, in the control group, there was no statistical difference in scores of depression, anxiety, and stress pre and post the routine care (P>0.05).Conclusion: Cognitive-behavioral therapy can be used as a treatment option for reducing pregnancy-specific anxiety, stress and depression in preeclamptic women. Recommendations: Educational programs are important for improving mental health for mothers and reduce the common maternal mood disorders post-pregnancy.

Keywords:
anxiety cognitive behavioral therapy coping pattern depression preeclampsia and stress

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