American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017, 5(6), 260-270
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-5-6-9
Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Benson’s Relaxation Technique Training Program on Elderly Patients with Renal Failure

Eman Mohamed Ebrahim Abd-Elraziek1, , Sahar Mahmoud Sayed Ahmed El Awady2 and Taghreed Talaat3

1Gerontological Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Aswan University, Egypt

2Community Health Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Helwan University, Egypt

3Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Helwan University, Egypt

Pub. Date: December 28, 2017

Cite this paper:
Eman Mohamed Ebrahim Abd-Elraziek, Sahar Mahmoud Sayed Ahmed El Awady and Taghreed Talaat. The Effect of Benson’s Relaxation Technique Training Program on Elderly Patients with Renal Failure. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2017; 5(6):260-270. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-5-6-9

Abstract

Renal failure means the kidney inability to maintain liquid and electrolyte balance, it's considered chronic disease, and it affects patients’ psychotic conditions in addition to its physical side effects. Aim of the study: to appraise the effect of Benson’s relaxation technique training program on elderly patients with renal failure Design: A quasi- experimental design was used. Setting: The study was conducted at the hemodialysis units at Aswan university hospital and Aswan General Hospital. Egypt. Sampling: A purposive sample was used. Sample size: 60 elderly patients with renal failure divided into two equal groups (study and control group). Tool of data collection: two tools were used. Tool I: a structured interviewing questionnaire covering three parts: Part 1: Demographic characteristics of elderly patients. Part 2: past medical history. Part 3: elderly patients’ knowledge of about renal failure and Benson’s relaxation technique. Tool II: The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS): consists of 21 questions which the 7 questions are used for measuring any symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress. Results: The study revealed that the elderly patient’s' age ranged from 60 to 80 years. 66.7% and 70 % of control and study group elderly patients always suffering from anxiety, and 76.7% and73.3% of them always suffering from depression. The total knowledge of study group increased than control group with highly significantly difference improvement after applying program. Conclusion: there was highly significant differences improvement for study group of elderly patients' knowledge, level of depression, stress and anxiety than control group post applying of the training program than pre. Recommendation: Provide all elderly patients in hemodialysis unit with educational brochures, posters and simple handbooks about renal failure and Benson’s relaxation technique.

Keywords:
renal failure Benson’s relaxation technique

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