American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020, 8(1), 122-131
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-8-1-13
Open AccessArticle

Impact of Self-care Program for Gestational Diabetic Women on Pregnancy Outcomes

Rasha El Sayed Ibrahim1, and Nahed Mousa Saber1

1Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni-Suef University, Egypt

Pub. Date: January 03, 2020

Cite this paper:
Rasha El Sayed Ibrahim and Nahed Mousa Saber. Impact of Self-care Program for Gestational Diabetic Women on Pregnancy Outcomes. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 8(1):122-131. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-8-1-13

Abstract

Background: Gestational diabetes is a global health concern because it's high prevelance, and the potential complications for mothers and their offspring; therefore, Patient teaching is one of the most significant aspects in improving women knowledge, and self-care. Aim: This study was developed to evaluate the effect of self-care program for gestational diabetic women on pregnancy outcomes. Methods: A purposive sample of 80 gestational diabetic women aged (≥ 18 to ≤ 40) years old, and pregnant at not less than 24 weeks of gestations who admitted to antenatal clinic, labor unit and postnatal unit of general hospital of Beni-Suief between Jan 2018 to December 2018. A quasi-experimental design was utilized in this study, Control and study group. The study instruments included Women interviewing assessment sheet, Diabetic knowledge questionnaire, Self-care behavior, Attitude about diabetes, Maternal observation, and Pregnancy outcome with previously tested content validity and reliability. Results: Significant enhance in the level of the women knowledge, attitudes, and self-care behavior was observed after implementation of the self-care program among the women in the study group. Conclusion: The findings of the current study concluded education plays an important role in increasing the awareness of pregnant women regarding GDM risks, complications and its proper management to reduce its burden for the mother and the fetus. Recommendations: The study recommended that universal screening to all pregnant women for GDM in the antenatal unit to reduce its complications.

Keywords:
self-care gestational diabetes pregnancy outcomes

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