American Journal of Nursing Research
ISSN (Print): 2378-5594 ISSN (Online): 2378-5586 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajnr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2018, 6(6), 598-607
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-6-6-30
Open AccessArticle

Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Child Abuse in Selected Primary Schools at Minia City

Eman Mohamed Abd EL-Aziz1, Yosria El-Sayid Hussein2, Sabah Saleh Hassan3, and Naglaa Mohammed Amein4

1B.Sc. Nursing, Minia University, Egypt

2Professor of Community Health Nursing, Minia University, Egypt

3Lecturer of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Minia University, Egypt

4Lecturer of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Minia University, Egypt

Pub. Date: October 28, 2018

Cite this paper:
Eman Mohamed Abd EL-Aziz, Yosria El-Sayid Hussein, Sabah Saleh Hassan and Naglaa Mohammed Amein. Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Child Abuse in Selected Primary Schools at Minia City. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2018; 6(6):598-607. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-6-6-30

Abstract

Background: Child abuse is the most critical health issues worldwide, it continues to be one of the first warnings to the child's emotional and social well-being globally; it one common health problem and a violation of children's human rights. Aim of the study: Is to assess the knowledge and attitudes of the teachers concerning child abuse. Research design: A descriptive design was used to conduct the study. Sample: The study demonstrated on 274 institution teachers. Setting: Eight urban and rural public primary schools were collected from Minia city. Data collection Tools: Included two instruments; the first tool is a structured knowledge questionnaire. The second is the attitude rating measure. Results: About two-thirds of the school teachers had poor knowledge about child abuse, and (62%) recognized a negative attitude about child abuse. Conclusion: Child abuse is a global issue, and children face it in many forms, and more awareness will help in contending the problems. Recommendation: Design and implement an educational program for teachers to increase their knowledge about child abuse and to promote child health.

Keywords:
child abuse knowledge attitude school teachers

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Fallon B, Trocmé N, Fluke J, MacLaurin B, Tonmyr L, Yuan YY. Methodological challenges in measuring child maltreatment. Child Abuse Negl. (2010); 34: 70-9.
 
[2]  World Health Organization (WHO). Child maltreatment. Geneva: WHO; 2014. Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs150/en/.[assessed 1/11/2014](.
 
[3]  Gainesville, F., l .National and State Child Abuse and Neglect Statistics. Available from: https://arkofhopeforchildren.org/child-abuse/child-abuse-statistics-info. (2017).
 
[4]  Fortson, B., Klevens, J., Merrick, M., Gilbert, L., and Alexander, S. Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect: A Technical Package for Policy, Norm, and Programmatic Activities. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016).
 
[5]  Jamal, E., Al Shaarawi, E. Cases of violence against children in Egypt. August. (2016). Available from: https://alwafd.org.
 
[6]  Essam eldine, H. Violence against children negative fact in Egypt. available from https://www.albawabhnews.com/3187388 . (2018).
 
[7]  Collin-Vézina, D., Daigneault, I., & Hébert, M. Lessons learned from child sexual abuse research: Prevalence, outcomes, and preventive strategies. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health (7) 1-9. (2013).
 
[8]  Shore, K. Child Abuse: The School’s Role. A Teacher’s Guide to Working with Parents. National Professional Resources. (2013).
 
[9]  Goldman, J. G., & Grimbeek, P. Sources of knowledge of departmental policy on child sexual abuse and mandatory reporting identified by primary school student teachers. Educational Review, 63(1), 1-18. (2011).
 
[10]  Feng, J.Y., Fetzer, S., Chen, Y. W., Yeh, L., & Huang, M. C. Multidisciplinary collaboration reporting child abuse: a grounded theory study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47(12), 1483-90.
 
[11]  Walsh, K., Farrell, A., Schweitzer, R., Bridgstock, R Critical factors in teachers’ detecting and reporting child abuse and neglect: Implications for practice. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland. (2010).
 
[12]  Choo, W. Y., Walsh, K., Chinna, K., & Tey, N. P. Teacher reporting attitudes scale (TRAS) confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses with a Malaysian sample. Journal of interpersonal violence 28(2) 231-253. (2013).
 
[13]  Devore, C.D., Wheeler, L.S; Role of the school physician. Pediatrics. 131(1): 178-182. (2013).
 
[14]  Wilson, A. Life or Death: The Relationship between Child Abuse and the Education System. Liberty University. (2012).
 
[15]  poreddi, V., Pashapu, D. R., Kathyayani, B. V., Gandhi, S., El-Arousy, W., & Math, S. B. Nursing students' knowledge of child abuse and neglect in India. British journal of nursing, 25(5), 264-268. (2016).
 
[16]  Skarsaune, K., & Bondas, T. Neglected nursing responsibility when suspecting child abuse. Clinical Nursing Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1 (2016).
 
[17]  Wulczyn, F., Daro, D., Fluke, J., Feldman, S., Glodek, C., & Lifanda, K. Adapting a Systems Approach to Child Protection: Key Concepts and Considerations. Working document UNICEF. New York. (2010).
 
[18]  Walsh, K., & A. Farrell. Identifying and evaluating teachers’ knowledge in relation to child abuse and neglect: A qualitative study with Australian early childhood teachers. Teaching and Teacher Education, 24(3), 585-600. (2008).
 
[19]  National center for injury prevention and control, division of violence prevention. Adverse Childhood Experiences. April Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/acestudy/#1(2016).
 
[20]  Feeser, C. J. Care of victims of child maltreatment: the school nurses role by national association school nurses (2017) Available from https://schoolnursenet.nasn.org/blogs/nasn.
 
[21]  Hynniewta, B., Jose, T. T., & Anjali, K. G. Knowledge and attitude on child abuse among school teachers, in selected urban English medium schools of Udupi District. Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences (MJNHS), 3(1), 32-36. (2017).
 
[22]  Mekheimar, H. A. Teachers Perception regarding Abuse of Rural Primary Schools Children in Dakahlia Governorate, Ain Shams University. (2011).
 
[23]  Pereznieto, P., Montes, A., Routier, S., & Langston, L. The costs and economic impact of violence against children. Richmond, VA: Child Fund (2014).
 
[24]  Sahebihagh, M. H., Hosseini, S. Z., Hosseinzadeh, M., & Shamshirgaran, S. M. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Teachers in Tabriz (Iran) Elementry Schools Regarding Child Abuse (2015-2016). International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences, 5(9), 336-343(2016).
 
[25]  Naregal, P. M., Effectiveness of planned teaching program on knowledge regarding prevention of child abuse and neglect among primary school teachers. Online Journal of Health and Allied Science. 14(4) (2016).
 
[26]  Council of Health Services. Saudi Arabia Hospital-Based Child Maltreatment Registry: The Annual Report. (2012).
 
[27]  Goebbels, A. F. Nicholson, J. M., Walsh, K., & De Vries, H. Teachers' reporting of suspected child abuse and neglect: behavior and determinants. Health education research, 23(6), 941-951. (2008).
 
[28]  Li, X., Yue, Q., Wang, S., Wang, H., Jiang, J., and Gong L, Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of healthcare professionals regarding child maltreatment in China. Child Care Health Dev; 43:869-75. (2017).
 
[29]  Sahebihagh, M. H., Hosseini, S. Z., Hosseinzadeh, M., & Shamshirgaran, S. M. knowledge, Attitude and practice of community Health care workers regarding Child Abuse in Tabriz Health Centers in 2015, 2016. International journal of community based nursing and midwifery, 5(3), 264 (2017).
 
[30]  Schols, M. W., Ruiter C., and Ory, F. G. How do public child healthcare professionals and primary school teachers identify and handle child abuse cases? A qualitative study; BMC Public Health; 13: 807. (2013).
 
[31]  Preidt, R., Why some medical practitioners underreport child abuse. Health Day News. Available from:http://www.babycenter.com/204_whysome-medical-practitionersunderreport-child-abuse_10359618.bc. (2011).
 
[32]  Eads, K., Breaking silence: Underreported child abuse in the healthcare setting. Online Journal of Health Ethics; 9. (2013).