American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019, 7(5), 879-888
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-7-5-21
Open AccessArticle

Mothers' Health Education Based on Health Belief Model to Prevent Vitamin D Deficiency in Children with Cerebral Palsy

Fatma Ahmed Elsobkey1, and Samah Abdallah Mohamed Amer1

1Pediatric Nursing-Faculty of Nursing-Benha University

Pub. Date: August 25, 2019

Cite this paper:
Fatma Ahmed Elsobkey and Samah Abdallah Mohamed Amer. Mothers' Health Education Based on Health Belief Model to Prevent Vitamin D Deficiency in Children with Cerebral Palsy. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019; 7(5):879-888. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-7-5-21

Abstract

Background: vitamin D deficiency is a problem among children that used to describe low level of serum 25- hydroxy vitamin D. Children with cerebral palsy have many risk factors for osteopenia and fracture. Aim: To evaluate effect of mothers' health education based on health belief model to prevent vitamin D deficiency in children with cerebral palsy. Design: A quasi-experimental design was utilized. Setting: The study was conducted at Outpatient Clinic of Benha University Hospital, Benha Teaching Hospital, and Benha Specialized Pediatric Hospital. Sample: A convenience sample of 105 mothers and their children have cerebral palsy. Tools of data collection: structured interview sheet; baseline characteristics of mothers and children, mothers' knowledge regarding vitamin D deficiency, vitamin D questionnaire, Health belief model questionnaire. Result: the result of the present study revealed that mothers had satisfactory knowledge, competent practice, and positive attitude after health education implantation. Conclusion: Health education program was effective and help mothers to prevent vitamin D deficiency among their children with cerebral palsy. Recommendation: continuous health education should be implemented for mothers to prevent vitamin D deficiency in children with cerebral palsy.

Keywords:
health belief model health education vitamin D deficiency cerebral palsy

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