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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019, 7(5), 707-722
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-7-5-5
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Breast Feeding vs Oral Sucrose on Pain Relief during Vaccine Intramuscular Injection among Infants

Fatimah Hussain Alzawad1,

1Senior Nursing Specialist, Ministry of Health, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: July 07, 2019

Cite this paper:
Fatimah Hussain Alzawad. Effect of Breast Feeding vs Oral Sucrose on Pain Relief during Vaccine Intramuscular Injection among Infants. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019; 7(5):707-722. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-7-5-5


Currently, vaccine injections are considered to be the most common source of iatrogenic pain in childhood. They are repeatedly administered to almost all children throughout infancy, childhood and adolescence. Vaccine injections cause pain, anxiety and fear in paediatric patients. Hatfield et al cited that oral sucrose administration is an effective and easy method with short-term effect during the routine immunization process. Osianaike et al also observed that breastfeeding has a soothing effect on infant during the venipuncture prick. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of breast milk vs. oral sucrose on pain relieve during vaccine Intramuscular Injection among Infants. This study was be conducted in vaccination clinic/ unit in FAMCO & Al-Khobar hospitals at Saudi Arabia on 75 infants who were selected by simple randomization. Assessment Sheet for Infant Pain consisted of two parts: The first part included demographic data such as name, age & body weight of the infant. The second part included the Behavioral and facial expression pain scales (FLACC) that were used to assess in this study to assess the infants’ intensity of pain during vaccine intramuscular injection.

breast milk oral sucrose vaccine intramuscular injection infants

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