American Journal of Nursing Research
ISSN (Print): 2378-5594 ISSN (Online): 2378-5586 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019, 7(5), 677-683
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-7-5-2
Open AccessCase Study

Prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome among Nursing Students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Ahlam Al.qarni1, Mona Almutairi1, Muna Bamatraf1, Ruba Alharbi1, , Samia Alsulami1 and Fatmah Alsharif1

1Nursing, King AbdulAziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: July 01, 2019

Cite this paper:
Ahlam Al.qarni, Mona Almutairi, Muna Bamatraf, Ruba Alharbi, Samia Alsulami and Fatmah Alsharif. Prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome among Nursing Students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019; 7(5):677-683. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-7-5-2


Introduction: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder that may be triggered by enteric pathogens. Research problem: Studies show IBS syndrome is a common disorder worldwide, for example 5-20% in the United States have irritable bowel syndrome, mostly among adults with age < 50 years old. Also, there is a study conducted in Al-Ahsa in 2017 that show the prevalence of IBS between medical student and interns in Saudi Arabia is 31.8%. Another study was conducted in Hail in 2018 among medical students show that 18% of the participants have been diagnosed with irritable syndrome. Moreover, no study was conducted exclusively among females nursing students in Jeddah. Materials: The questionnaire was adapted from a validated survey that was previously used. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 193 undergraduate nursing students (second, third and fourth years) at King Abdul-Aziz university. Results: The results showed that 17.6% of nursing students at King Abdul-Aziz having IBS. Conclusion: The results showed that the prevalence of IBS is 17.6%. Recommendations: We recommend Screening for IBS and psychological problems and Stress management course. Also, we recommend to ministry of education to provide relaxation room for students at colleges.

irritable bowel syndrome IBS nursing students prevalence

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Jeffery, I. B., O'Toole, P. W., Öhman, L., Claesson, M. J., Deane, J., Quigley, E. M., & Simrén, M. (2012, July 01). An irritable bowel syndrome subtype defined by species-specific alterations in faecal microbiota. Retrieved from
[2]  Alaqeel, M. K., Alowaimer, N. A., Alonezan, A. F., Almegbel, N. Y., & Alaujan, F. Y. (2017). Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome and its association with anxiety among medical students at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences in Riyadh. Pakistan journal of medical sciences, 33(1), 33.
[3]  Barbara, G., De Giorgio, R., Stanghellini, V., Cremon, C., Salvioli, B., & Corinaldesi, R. (2019). New pathophysiological mechanisms in irritable bowel syndrome.
[4]  Walker, B. R., Colledge, N. R., Penman, I. D., & Ralston, S. H. (2014). Davidsons principles and practice of medicine.
[5]  Danish, M. I. (2012). Short textbook of medical diagnosis and management. New Delhi: Med Tech.
[6]  Brunner, L. S., Suddarth, D. S., Smeltzer, S. C., & Bare, B. G. (2014). Brunner & Suddarths textbook of medical-surgical nursing. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
[7]  Weaver, K., Melkus, G. and Henderson, W. (2017). Irritable Bowel Syndrome. [online] American Journal of Nursing. Available at: [Accessed 28 Jan. 2019].
[8]  Waehrens, R. (2018). Epidemiology of Irritable Bowel Syndrome-hereditary and non-hereditary factors.‏
[9]  Enck, P., Aziz, Q., Barbara, G., Farmer, A., Fukudo, S., & Mayer, E. et al. (2019). Irritable bowel syndrome.
[10]  Chang, L. (2019). Updates to the Rome Criteria for Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Retrieved from
[11]  Mostafa, R. (2019). Rome III: The functional gastrointestinal disorders, third edition, 2006.
[12]  Ibrahim, N. K. R., Battarjee, W. F., & Almehmadi, S. A. (2013). Prevalence and predictors of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students and interns in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah. The Libyan Journal Of Medicine, 8(1), 21287-21287.
[13]  Schmulson, M. and Drossman, D. (2019). What Is New in Rome IV.
[14]  Hovdenak, N. (1987). Loperamide Treatment of the Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Scandinavian Journal Of Gastroenterology, 22(sup130), 81-84.
[15]  Mostafa H., Yousef F., Hassan H. Health Related Quality of Life Educational Interventions: Effect on Chronic Hepatitis C Patients'. Saudi Journal of Nursing and Health Care. 2018; 1(2): 56-67.
[16]  Hassan H. Effectiveness of a structured teaching program on anxiety and perception regarding toxoplasmosis among seropositive pregnant women in Northern Upper Egypt. Clinical Nursing Studies. 2018; 6(1): 1-19.
[17]  Hassanine Sh., Hassan H., Alkotb Z. Effect of Preventive Program on Progression of Osteoporosis among Female Patients over 40 years at El-Fayoum City. American Research Journal of Nursing, 2017; 3(1): 1-15.
[18]  Hassan H. The Impact of Evidence-Based Nursing as the Foundation for Professional Maternity Nursing Practices. Open Access Journal of Reproductive system and Sexual Disorder, 2019; 2(2): 196-197.
[19]  Emam E., Abd El Rheem A., Ghanem N., Hassan H. Knowledge and Attitude of Women and Nurses regarding Pre-Conception Care: A Comparative Study. American Research Journal of Nursing, 2019; 5(1): 1-15.
[20]  Farag D. & Hassan H. Maternal Postpartum Sleep disturbance and Fatigue: Factors Influencing. ARC Journal of Nursing and Healthcare, 2-19; 5(2): 27-40.
[21]  Atwa A., Hassan H., Ahmed S. The impact of a hospital-based awareness program on the knowledge of patients about breast cancer and cancer cervix. International Journal of Studies in Nursing. 2019; 4(1): 20-29.
[22]  Irvine, E. J. (2004). Tegaserod prompts global relief of symptoms in the irritable bowel syndrome. ACP journal club, 141(2), 44-44.
[23]  Ibrahim, N. K., Al-Bloushy, R. I., Sait, S. H., Al-Azhary, H. W., Bar, N. H. A., & Mirdad, G. A. (2016). Irritable bowel syndrome among nurses working in King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The Libyan Journal Of Medicine, 11(1), 30866-30866.
[24]  Liu, Y., Liu, L., Yang, Y., He, Y., Zhang, Y., Wang, M., & Yao, S. (2014). A school-based study of irritable bowel syndrome in medical students in beijing, china: prevalence and some related factors. Gastroenterology research and practice, 2014.
[25]  Saad Naeem, S., Umar Siddiqui, E., Nafey Kazi, A., Amin Memon, A., Tauseeq Khan, S., & Ahmed, B. (2012). Prevalence and factors associated with irritable bowel syndrome among medical students of Karachi, Pakistan: A cross-sectional study. BMC Research Notes, 5(1), 255-259.
[26]  Al-Turki, Y. A., Aljulii, M. Z., Al Murayshid, A., Al Omaish, H. R., Al Daghiri, K. S., Al Seleemi, A. Y., . . . Al Jerawi, A. I. (2011). Prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome among Students in King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Middle East Journal of Family Medicine, 9(5), 17-20.
[27]  Hassan H. Integrative Nursing Science in Women’s Pre-conceptional Wellness. International Journal of Health and Biological Sciences, 2019; 2(1): 17-18.
[28]  Okami, Y., Kato, T., Nin, G., Harada, K., Aoi, W., Wada, S., ... & Kanazawa, M. (2011). Lifestyle and psychological factors related to irritable bowel syndrome in nursing and medical school students. Journal of gastroenterology, 46(12), 1403-1410.‏
[29]  Terry, A. (2012). Clinical research for the doctor of nursing practice.
[30]  Bluman, A. (2015). Elementary Statistics: a Step by Step Approach. London: McGraw-Hill Education - Europe.
[31]  Almezani, A. M. M., Alkhalaf, A. A., Alharbi, M. N. K., Alhuwayfi, S. A., Alshammari, H. M., Alshammari, M. S., ... & Alqasem, A. A. (2018). Prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome among Medical Students in Hail University, Saudi Arabia. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 71(2), 2581-2585.
[32]  Hassan H. Call for psychosocial well-being among pregnant women associated with medical disorder in Beni-Suef governorate. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science. 2016; 5(2): 81-94.
[33]  Sheha E., Hassan H., Gamel W. Association between pre-pregnant overweight and obesity and periodontal disease during pregnancy: a cross sectional study. International Journal of Studies in Nursing. 2018; 3(1): 1-21.
[34]  Hassan H. Infertility profile, psychological ramifications and reproductive tract infection among infertile women, in northern Upper Egypt. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice. 2016; 6(4): 92-108.
[35]  Faheim S., Hassan H., Gamel W. Topical Application of Human Milk versus Alcohol and Povidine-Iodine on Clinical Outcomes of Umbilical Cord in Healthy Newborn: Impact of an Educational Program of Mothers. International Journal of Studies in Nursing, 2019; 4(2): 35-51.
[36]  Hassan H, Nasr E. Improving nurses’ knowledge and skills regarding tocolytics for inhibiting preterm labor. Clinical Nursing Studies. 2017; 5(1): 1-12.
[37]  Farg D. and Hassan H. Study Hyperemesis Graviderum Requiring Hospital Admission during Pregnancy: Effect of Nursing Implication on Its Progress. American Journal of Nursing Research, 2019; 7(2): 328-341.
[38]  Hassan H & Farag D. The impact of polycystic ovary syndrome on women’s quality of life: Nursing guidelines for its management. Clinical Nursing Studies, 2019, 7(3): 42-57.
[39]  Alsuwailm, W. A., AL-Qahtani, M. M., AL-Hulaibi, A. A., AL-Hadi, M. A., Ali, S. I., & Shehabeldeen, S. A. (2017). Irritable Bowel Syndrome among Medical Students and Interns in King Faisal University. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 7(11), 235
[40]  Lacy, B. and Patel, N. (2019). Rome Criteria and a Diagnostic Approach to Irritable Bowel Syndrome.