American Journal of Nursing Research
ISSN (Print): 2378-5594 ISSN (Online): 2378-5586 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajnr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019, 7(4), 479-489
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-7-4-10
Open AccessArticle

Pediatric Nursing Students' Experience of Bullying Behavior in Clinical Placements and the Role of Staff Faculty

Rehab Ibrahim Mostafa Radwan1, and Abeer Abd El Fattah Abou Shosha2

1Pediatric Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, University of Damanhour, Egypt

2Nursing Education Department, Faculty of Nursing, University of Damanhour, Egypt

Pub. Date: May 21, 2019

Cite this paper:
Rehab Ibrahim Mostafa Radwan and Abeer Abd El Fattah Abou Shosha. Pediatric Nursing Students' Experience of Bullying Behavior in Clinical Placements and the Role of Staff Faculty. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019; 7(4):479-489. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-7-4-10

Abstract

Bullying is widely recognized as a persistent problem in the profession of nursing, especially among individuals at particular risk because of limited authority and experience such as nursing students. Students assert that bullying experience impacts their learning and future employment choices. Aim of the study: was to investigate pediatric nursing students' experience of bullying behaviors in clinical placement and the role of staff faculty. Method: A quantitative descriptive method was adopted. The study was conducted at Faculty of Nursing Damanhour University, Egypt. Purposeful sample, all third year undergraduates nursing students (N = 147), registered at pediatric nursing course and 30 educators of third year from both pediatric and obstetric departments Faculty of Nursing Damanhour University. The study was done during the 1st term of the academic year (2018-2019). Two tools were used: Tool 1: The self-administered questionnaire to identify nursing students’ experiences with bullying. Tool II: to collect required data from the staff faculty to assess their role towards students' bullying. Results: The study reveals that nursing students experience bullying, the highest bullying behaviors, the nursing students experienced, were shouting in rage and negative remarks about becoming a nurse. Statistically significant differences were found between the bullying behaviors and the effect of bullying behaviors on the students in which bullying behaviors effect lead to academic failure, loss of self-confidence, intolerance to criticism, perceiving that this career is not suitable, concentration impairment, loss of motivation, intolerance to criticism, self-blame and physical impairment. The highest coping mechanism by nursing students was putting up barriers followed by speaking directly to the bully and finally, the use of unhealthy coping behavior. The most coping strategies used by the staff faculty were talking with the bully, and reporting to the responsible authority. Conclusion: Nursing students experienced a problem of bullying, which lead to threatening and frustrated academic environment. Recommendations: Addressing clear written policy for the staff faculty and the nursing students to be educated about bullying forms, strategies for prevention and intervention.

Keywords:
bullying behavior clinical placement training rotation pediatric nursing students staff faculty

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