American Journal of Nursing Research
ISSN (Print): 2378-5594 ISSN (Online): 2378-5586 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajnr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019, 7(3), 392-399
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-7-3-21
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Massage Therapy on the Mood and Pain of Post Cardiac Catheterization Patients

Hanan Elkafafi Hassan1, 2, , Fatma Mahmoud Mokabel3 and Noor Ali AL_Radwan3

1Medical Surgical Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

2College of Nursing, King Saud bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

3Critical Care Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: April 25, 2019

Cite this paper:
Hanan Elkafafi Hassan, Fatma Mahmoud Mokabel and Noor Ali AL_Radwan. Effect of Massage Therapy on the Mood and Pain of Post Cardiac Catheterization Patients. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019; 7(3):392-399. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-7-3-21

Abstract

Pain is the most important complaint experienced by patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Many patients consider hospitalization and cardiac catheterization to be psychologically distressing. In recent years, there has been a focus on complimentary therapies to manage or alleviate pain and anxiety. Body massages is one of complimentary therapies and have been tested in different populations and found to have marked effect in decreasing pain and anxiety. Aim: The aim of the study is to examine the effect of massage intervention on the mood and pain of patient after cardiac catheter. Design: A randomized single blind clinical trial design was used. Setting: The study was conducted in in the Coronary Care Unit at King Fahd Hospital of the University in Al-Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Sample: A random sample of 40 adults post cardiac catheterization. Tools: Three tools were used to collect data: tool 1: Demographic and Medical data Sheet, tool 2: The Profile of Mood States (POMS). Tool 3: The McGill Pain Questionnaire. Results: There was a highly significant reduction in pain scores after the sessions of the massage therapy, and there were a highly significant difference between before and after message sessions intervention in relation to all components and total mean score of mood profile. Conclusion: integrating the massage therapy into nursing intervention can enhance the mood and ability state and decreased anxiety, depressions, confusion and pain of patients after cardiac catheterization,. Recommendations: Based on the result of the present study, it can be recommended that further study should be applied in relation to increase the sample of the study in control and experimental group, examine the relationship between illness perceptions and mood across coronary artery disease patients.

Keywords:
pain mood message cardiac catheterization

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Monahan FD, Sands JK, Neighbors M, Marek JF, Green CJ. Phipps’s Text book Medical – Surgical Nursing. 8th edition, Mosby Co., 2007; 1: 321-324.
 
[2]  Lynch EP, Lazor MA, Gellis JE, Orav J, Goldman L, Marcantonio ER(1998) The Impact of postoperative pain on the development of postoperative delirium, Anesthesia Analgesia, 86(4): 782-785.
 
[3]  Mikosch P, Hadrawa T, Laubreiter K, Brandl J, Pilz J, Stettner H, et al. Effectiveness of respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia biofeedback on state-anxiety in patients undergoing coronary angiography. J Adv Nurs. 2010; 66(5): 1101-10.
 
[4]  De Jong-Watt WJ, Arthur HM. Anxiety and health-related quality of life in patients awaiting elective coronary angiography. Heart Lung. 2004; 33(4): 237-48.
 
[5]  McCaffrey R, Taylor N. Effective anxiety treatment prior to diagnostic cardiac catheterization. Holist Nurs Pract. 2005; 19(2): 70-3.
 
[6]  McNamara ME, Burnham DC, Smith C, Carroll DL. The effects of back massage before diagnostic cardiac catheterization. Altern Ther Health Med. 2013; 9(1): 50-7.
 
[7]  Okvat HA, Oz MC, Ting W, Namerow PB. Massage therapy for patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Altern Ther Health Med. 2002; 8(3): 68-70-74-5.
 
[8]  Zakerimoghaddam M, Mehran A, Hashemi S, Shaban M. The effect of Benson relaxation in anxiety of patients with cardiac catheterization. J Tehran Univ. Med Sci. (Hayat) 2010; 16(2): 64e71 [Persian].
 
[9]  National center for complementary and Alternative Medicine Massage Therapy (2009). An Introduction. NCCAM Publication No. D327 Created: September 2006 Updated: June available in http//nccam.nih.gov/.
 
[10]  Kim MS, Cho KS, Woo H, Kim JH. The effect of hand massage on anxiety in cataract surgery using local anesthesia, J. Cataract. Refract. Surg. 2011; 27(6): 884-890.
 
[11]  Iwamitsu Y, Shimoda K, Abe H, Tani T, Kodama M, Okawa M. Differences in emotional distress between breast tumor patients with emotional inhibition and those with emotional expression. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2003; 57(3): 289-94.
 
[12]  DeJong-Watt WJ and Arthur HM. Anxiety and health- related quality of life in patients awaiting elective coronary angiography. Heart Lung 2004; 33: 237-248. 6.
 
[13]  Harkness K, Morrow L, Smith K, et al. The effect of early educa- tion on patient anxiety while waiting for elective cardiac cath- eterisation. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2003; 2: 113-121.
 
[14]  Ridner SH. Psychological distress: concept analysis J Adv Nurs 2004; 45(5): 536-545. 8.
 
[15]  Bhattacharyya M and Steptoe A. Mood and transient car-diac dysfunction in everyday life. J Biobehav Med 2011; 32: 74-81.
 
[16]  Moser DK, Riegel B, McKinley S, et al. Impact of anxiety and perceived control on in-hospital complications after acute myocardial infarction. Psychosom Med 2007; 69: 10-16.
 
[17]  Carney RM and Freedland KE. Depression, mortality, and medical morbidity in patients with coronary heart disease. Biol Psychiatry 2003; 54(3): 241-247.
 
[18]  Arthur HM. Depression, isolation, social support, and car-diovascular disease in older adults. J Cardiovasc Nurs 2006; 21: 52-57.
 
[19]  Wentworth LJ, Briese LJ, Timimi FK, Sanvick CL, Bartel DC, Cutshall SM. Massage therapy reduces tension, anxiety, and pain in patients awaiting invasive cardiovascular procedures. Prog Cardiovasc Nurs 2009; 24: 155e61.
 
[20]  Babajani Saeed, Darzi Hosein Babatabar, Ebadi Abbas, Mahmoudi Hosein, Nasiri Ebrahim. The effect of foot reflexology massage on the level of pain during chest tube removal after open heart surgery. Iran J Crit Care Nurs 2014; 7(1): 15e22.
 
[21]  Chanif. Does foot massage relieve acute postoperative pain? A literature review. Nurse Media J Nurs 2013; 3(1): 483e97.
 
[22]  Braun Lesley, Stanguts Cathy, Spitzer Ondine, Hose Lisa, Gunawan Margaretha, Kure Christina E. A wellness program for cardiac surgery improves clinical outcomes. Adv Integr Med 2014; 1(1): 32e7.
 
[23]  Albert NM, Gillinov AM, Lytle BW, Feng J, Cwynar R, Blackstone EH. A randomized trial of massage therapy after heart surgery. Heart Lung. 2009; 38(6): 480-90. [PubMed]
 
[24]  Mok E, Woo CP. The effects of slow-stroke back massage on anxiety and shoulder pain in elderly stroke patients. Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 2004; 10(4): 209-16. [PubMed]
 
[25]  Tirgari B, Aghebati N, Fazel A, Koushiyar MM, Mokhber N, Esmaeli H. Adjuvant therapy relationship, with ascore of anxiety, depression and fatigue in breast cancer patients. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman 2006; 6(1-2): 39-46. [InPersian].
 
[26]  Albert NM, Gillinov AM, Lytle BW, Feng J, Cwynar R, Blackstone EH. A randomized trial of massage therapy after heart surgery. Heart Lung 2009; 38(6): 480-90.
 
[27]  McNair, D.M., Lorr, M. and Droppleman, L.F. (1971). Manual for the Pro®le of Mood States. San Diego, CA: Educational and Industrial Testing Service.
 
[28]  Brezden CB, Phillips KA, Abdolell M, Bunston T, Tannock IF. Cognitive function in breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. J Clin Oncol. 2000; 18(14): 2695-701. [PubMed]
 
[29]  Iwamitsu Y, Shimoda K, Abe H, Tani T, Kodama M, Okawa M. Differences in emotional distress between breast tumor patients with emotional inhibition and those with emotional expression. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2003; 57(3): 289-94. [PubMed]
 
[30]  Tirgari B, Aghebati N, Fazel A, Koushiyar MM, Mokhber N, Esmaeli H. Adjuvant therapy relationship, with ascore of anxiety, depression and fatigue in breast cancer patients. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman. 2006; 6(1-2): 39-46. [In Persian]
 
[31]  Fazel A, Tirgari B, Mokhber N, Koushiyar MM, Esmaeli H. Effectiveness of mastectomy on the quality of life in breast cancer patients. Journal of Shaeed Sdoughi University of Medical Sciences Yazd. 2008; 16(3): 28-36. [In Persian]
 
[32]  Melzack R. The McGill Pain Questionnaire: Major properties and scoring methods. 1975; Pain. 1(3): 277-299.
 
[33]  Soliman G & El-Amrosy S. Effect of Massage Therapy on Stress, Anxiety, and Pain among Cardiac Surgical Patients. International Journal of Novel Research in Healthcare and Nursing, January - April 2017, Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp: (185-194).
 
[34]  Brent A, et al. Effect of massage therapy on pain, anxiety, and tension after cardiac surgery: A randomized study. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 16 (2010) 70-75.
 
[35]  Albert NM, Gillinov AM, Lytle BW, Feng J, Cwynar R, Blackstone EH. A randomized trial of massage therapy after heart surgery. Heart Lung, 2009 ; 38(6): 480
 
[36]  Peng S., Ying B., Chen Y., & Sun X. Effects Of Massage On The Anxiety Of Patients Receiving Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. Psychiatria Danubina, 2015; Vol. 27, No. 1, pp 44-49 Original paper © Medicinska naklada - Zagreb, Croatia.
 
[37]  Carroll1 D., Malecki-Ketchell A. & Astin 3 F. Non- pharmacological interventions to reduce psychological distress in patients undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization: a rapid review. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 2017, Vol. 16(2) 92-103.
 
[38]  Moyer CA, Rounds J, Hannum JW. A meta-analysis of massage therapy research. Psychol Bull 2004; 130: 3-18.
 
[39]  Wentworth et al Massage Therapy Reduces Tension, Anxiety, and Pain in Patients Awaiting Invasive Cardiovascular Procedures. Progress in cardiovascular Nursing .Dec. 2009; Vol. 24, No. 4.
 
[40]  Hattan J, King L, Griffiths P. The impact of foot massage and guided relaxation following cardiac surgery: a randomized controlled trial. J Adv Nurs 2002; 37(2): 199-207.
 
[41]  Cutshall SM, Wentworth LJ, Engen D, Sundt TM, Kelly RF, Bauer BA. Effect of massage therapy on pain, anxiety, and tension in cardiac surgical patients: a pilot study. Complement Ther Clin Pract 2010 May; 16(2): 92.
 
[42]  Carreck A: The effect of massage on pain perception threshold, Manipulative Physiother 26: 10-16, 2014.
 
[43]  Jane SW et al. Effects of massage on pain, mood status, relaxation, and sleep in Taiwanese patients with metastatic bone pain: a randomized clinical trial. Pain. 2011 Oct; 152(10): 2432-42.