American Journal of Nanomaterials
ISSN (Print): 2372-3114 ISSN (Online): 2372-3122 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2017, 5(1), 11-23
DOI: 10.12691/ajn-5-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Rice Husk Derived Nano Zeolite (A.M.2) as Fertilizer, Hydrophilic and Novel Organophillic Material

Hassan AZA1, Abdel Wahab M Mahmoud2 and G. Turky3,

1Agriculture Research Center, Soil, Water& Environment Institute, Giza, Egypt

2Cairo University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Physiology department, Giza, Egypt

3Department of Microwave Physics & Dielectrics, National Research Centre (NRC), 33 El Bohouthst.(former ElTarirst.), Dokki, Giza, P.O.12622, Egypt

Pub. Date: June 03, 2017

Cite this paper:
Hassan AZA, Abdel Wahab M Mahmoud and G. Turky. Rice Husk Derived Nano Zeolite (A.M.2) as Fertilizer, Hydrophilic and Novel Organophillic Material. American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2017; 5(1):11-23. doi: 10.12691/ajn-5-1-3


The investigation aimed to convert mixture rice husk with aluminum foils (as houses and restaurants wastes) into Nano Zeolite (NZ) enrich by elements, safety, and eco-friendly fertilizer using calcinations and zeolitization processes. The end product has undergone various techniques: Crystallization, phases, physic-chemical characteristics and surface morphology were studied. Transmission electronic microscope (TEM) appeared the crystals of NZ in nano size (uncontrolled growth particles), using scanning electron microscope (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive spectroscope (EDS) showed that NZ gave different shapes and size during calcinations process, Stereo microscope illustrated that, the crystals growth of NZ were in three dimensions and take different shapes after calcinations and zeolitization processes. X-ray diffraction (XRD) recorded that the dominant mineral was zeolite with accessories minerals. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) was used to verify the type of NZ and whether if it is hydrophilic or hydrophobic. Furthermore, the XRF revealed a high composition of silica and alumina in Nano material with high Si/Al ratio, potassium and calcium were the major single extra-framework cations in NZ. Surface area values, pore sizes distribution, pore volume, pore width, two and three dimension images and roughness particles were estimated using atomic force microscope (AFM). The highest CEC value of NZ was recorded. Light microscope showed that, nitrogen fixing and phosphorus solubilizing bacterial cells were existing on NZ particles as novel carrier material (consider as organophillic). In addition to previous analyses, dielectric and electrical properties measurements were examined for NZ particles using broadband dielectric spectroscope (BDS). NZ particles have been proved to be hydro-cracking, has characteristics of Faujasite family and could enrich soil fertility and improve plant growth particularly in arid and semi arid zones.

aluminum foils calcinations hydrophilic hydrophobic nano zeolite rice husk zeolitization

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  S. Chandrasekhar, K. G. Satyanarayana, N. Pramada and P.Raghavan (2003). Processing, properties and applications of reactive silica from rice husk—an overview, J Mater Sci. 38, 3159-3168.
[2]  Junko Umeda and Katsuyoshi Kondoh (2008). High-purity amorphous silica originated in rice husks via carboxylic acid leaching process, J Mater Sci. 43, 7084-7090.
[3]  E.J. Siqueira, I.V.P. Yoshida, L.C. Pardini and M.A. Schiavon, (2009). Preparation and characterization of ceramic composites derived from rice husk ash and polysiloxane, Ceramics International, 35, 213-220.
[4]  Agricultural Extension Department of Thailand (2003). Annual report of rice production in Thailand.
[5]  Tipayarom, D. (2004). Development of a management program to reduce impacts of open agro-residue burning on air quality. M. Eng. Thesis, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand.
[6]  Manandhar, B.R. (2003). Assessment of contribution of open biomass burning to the air pollution burden in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. M. Eng. Thesis, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand.
[7]  Kim Oanh N. T., Albina D O, Li Ping and Wang X-K (2005). Emission of Particulate Matter and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Select Cook stove-fuel Systems in Asia. Bio-mass and Bio-energy, 28, 579-590.
[8]  Kim Oanh N T., Nghiem L H and Yin L P. (2002). Emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Toxicity and mutagenicity from domestic cooking using sawdust briquettes, wood and kerosene. Environmental Science and Technology 36, 833-839.
[9]  World Health Organization (1999). Health Guidelines for Vegetation Fire Events, Guideline Document. Edited by: D. Schwela; J. G. Goldammer; L. Morawska; and O. Simpson.
[10]  Torigoe K., Hasegawa S., Numata O., Yazaki S., Matsunaga M., Boku N., Hiura M., and Ino H. (2000). Influence of emission from rice straw burning on bronchial asthma in children. Pediatrics 42, 143-150.
[11]  UNEP and C4 (2002). The Asian Brown Cloud: Climate and Other Environmental Impacts. UNEP, Nairobi.
[12]  Fishman J., Minnis P., Recichei H. (1986). Use of satellite data to study troposphere ozone on the tropics. Journal of geophysical research 91(13), 14, 451-14, 465.
[13]  M. M. Hessien, M. M. Rashad, R. R. Zaky, E. A .Abdel-Aal and K.A. El-Barawy (2009). Controlling the synthesis conditions for silica nanosphere from semi-burned rice straw, Materials Science and Engineering B 162 14-21
[14]  Sathy Chandrasekhar, P. N. Pramada and Jisha Majeed, (2006). Effect of calcination temperature and heating rate on the optical properties and reactivity of rice husk ash", J Mater Sci. 417926-7933.
[15]  Tzong-Horng Liou and Shao-Jung Wu, (2009). Characteristics of micro porous / meso porous carbons prepared from rice husk under base- and acid-treated conditions, Journal of Hazardous Materials 171 693-703.
[16]  Dongmin An, Yupeng Guo, Yanchao Zhu and Zichen Wang (2010). A green route to preparation of silica powders with rice husk ash and waste gas. Chemical Engineering Journal 341, 631-636.
[17]  Didik Prasetyoko, Zainab Ramli, Salasiah Endud, Halimaton Hamdan, Bogdan Sulikowski (2006). Conversion of rice husk ash to zeolite beta. Waste Management.Volume 26, 10, 1173-1179.
[18]  S. Jinawath, W. Panpa, (2009). Synthesis of ZSM-5 zeolite and silicalite from rice husk ash. Applied. Volume 90, 3-4, 389-394.
[19]  C. R. Melo, A.C. Francisco, N. C. Kuhnen, M. R. da Rocha , A.R. Melo, H. G. Riella, E. Angioletto.( 2014). Production of Zeolite from Rice Husk Ash, Materials Science Forum, Vols. 798-799, 617-621.
[20]  A.O.A.C., (1990). Official Methods of Analysis.14 Ed. Association of Official Agricultural Chemist. The Washington, D.C.
[21]  F. Kremer, A. Schonhals , in (Eds: F. Kremer, A. Schonhals) (2002). Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy, Springer, Berlin, Germany, p. 35.
[22]  Palesa. P. Diale, Edison Muzenda, Member, IAENG, and Josephat Zimba (2011).A Study of South African Natural Zeolites Properties and Applications Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and computer Science, Vol. II WCECS October 19-21, San Francisco, USA.
[23]  Abd El-Malak, Y. and Ishac, Y.z. (1968). Evaluation methods used in counting Azotobacter .J. Appl. Bact. 331: 269-275.
[24]  Pikovskaya, R. I. (1984). Mobilization of phosphorus in soil connection with the vital activity of some microbial species. Microbiology, 17:362-370.
[25]  Difco Manual, (1985).Dehydrated culture media and reagents for microbiology. Laboratories incorporated Detriot. Michigan, 48232 USA. PP 621.
[26]  M. Epple, Y. Prylutskyy (2016).Materials Science & Engineering Technology. Special edition. Physics and chemistry of nanostructures and nanobiotechnology. 2-3.
[27]  M. Bohning, H. Goering, A. Fritz, K. W. Brzezinka, G. Turky, A. Schonhals , A. B. Schartel, (2005). Dielectric Study of Molecular Mobility in Poly (propylene-graft- Clay). Nano composites, Macro molecules 38, 2764.
[28]  J. R. Sangoro, G. Turky, M. Abdel Rehim, C. Iacob, S. Naumov, A. Ghoneim, J. Kärger, and F. Kremer (2009). Charge Transport and Dipolar Relaxations in Hyper branched Polyamide Amines” Macromolecules 42, 1648-1651.
[29]  Coombs, D. Recommended Nomenclature for Zeolite Minerals, (1997). Report o f The Subcommittee on Zeolits Of The International Mineralogical Association, Commission of New Minerals And Mineral Names, The Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 35, pp. 1571-1606.
[30]  Hassan A.Z.A and Abdel Wahab M Mahmoud. (2015). Hydrothermal Synthesis of Nano Crystals (A.M.) Zeolite using Variable Temperature Programs. Journal of Nanomaterials & Molecular Nanotechnology. 4: 4.
[31]  Erin N. Yargicoglu, Bala Yamini Sadasivam, Krishna R. Reddy, Kurt Spokas (2015). Physical and chemical characterization of waste wood derived biochars. J. Waste management 36: 256-268.
[32]  Sullivan A, Enid j, Bowman RS, Legiec IA (2003). Sorption of arsenic from soil –wasting leachate by surfactant-modified zeolite. J Environ Qual 32: 2387-2391.