American Journal of Nanomaterials
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American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2015, 3(1), 22-27
DOI: 10.12691/ajn-3-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Morphological and Chemical Composition Characterization of Commercial Sepia Melanin

Agnes Mbonyiryivuze1, 2, , Z. Y. Nuru1, 2, Balla Diop Ngom1, 3, Bonex Mwakikunga1, 4, Simon Mokhotjwa Dhlamini1, 5, Eugene Park1, 6 and Malik Maaza1, 2

1UNESCO-UNISA Africa Chair in Nanosciences/Nanotechnology, College of Graduate Studies,

2University of South Africa, Pretoria-South Africa

3Nanosciences African Network (NANOAFNET), iThemba LABS-National Research Foundation, Cape Town, South Africa

4Laboratoire de Photonique et de nanofablication, Groupe de Physique du Solide et des Science matériaux (GPSSM), Faculté de Science et Techniques, Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar(UCAD), Dakar, Sénégal

5CSIR- National Centre for Nano-Structured Materials, Pretoria, South Africa

6University of South Africa, Pretoria-South Africa;Department of Physics, Florida Research Centre, University of South Africa, Florida-South Africa

Pub. Date: June 25, 2015

Cite this paper:
Agnes Mbonyiryivuze, Z. Y. Nuru, Balla Diop Ngom, Bonex Mwakikunga, Simon Mokhotjwa Dhlamini, Eugene Park and Malik Maaza. Morphological and Chemical Composition Characterization of Commercial Sepia Melanin. American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2015; 3(1):22-27. doi: 10.12691/ajn-3-1-3

Abstract

Melanins are difficult to characterize because of their intractable chemical properties and the heterogeneity in their structural features. Melanin pigments, in fact, are composed of many different types of monomeric units that are connected through strong carbon-carbon bonds. Its high insolubility and undefined chemical entities are two obstacles in its complete characterization. The morphological characterization and particle size distribution for sepia melanin by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) on surface structure and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) to confirm the morphology obtained from SEM was done. Both results show that Sepia melanin is formed by many aggregates agglomerated together. These aggregates are formed also by small spherical granules with different size distributions that have been determined using image-J software. The small granule diameter obtained from different TEM and SEM micrographs were 100-200nm. EDS reveals that C and O were the most abundant in sepia melanin with concentration average concentrations of about 57% and 24% respectively. The major compositions of sepia melanin are C, O, Na, Cl, while the minor are Mg, Ca, K, S and N. From TEM micrograph at high resolution, it was possible to measure the distance between polymers layers of sepia melanin using image-J software and it was 0.323 nm = 3.23 Å.

Keywords:
melanin sepia melanin eumelanin SEM TEM sepia officinalis

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