American Journal of Nanomaterials
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American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2015, 3(1), 15-21
DOI: 10.12691/ajn-3-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Tuning the Size of Gold Nanoparticles with Repetitive Oxidation-reduction Cycles

Steve Y. Rhieu1 and Vytas Reipa1,

1Biosystems and Biomaterials Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899, USA

Pub. Date: March 31, 2015

Cite this paper:
Steve Y. Rhieu and Vytas Reipa. Tuning the Size of Gold Nanoparticles with Repetitive Oxidation-reduction Cycles. American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2015; 3(1):15-21. doi: 10.12691/ajn-3-1-2


A simple method to control the size of gold nanoparticles (AuNP) using repetitive oxidation-reduction cycles is described. First, AuNP are shown to be readily immobilized onto an indium-doped tin oxide coated glass surface using cyclic voltammetry nanoparticle containing citrate buffer. Subsequently, the attached AuNPsize can be reduced to a desired level by potential cyclingin the range from 0 V to +1.1 V (vs. Ag/AgCl).Gradual AuNPdiameter decrease was attributed to the formation of gold oxide upon anodic potential sweep and the partial solubilization of the Au(III) species during subsequent reduction of gold oxide in the absence of gold chelator (e.g.,Cl-, Br-, or CN-) normally necessary for anodic gold dissolution.

gold nanoparticles size control oxidation-reduction electrochemistry

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