American Journal of Nanomaterials
ISSN (Print): 2372-3114 ISSN (Online): 2372-3122 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajn Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2014, 2(1), 4-7
DOI: 10.12691/ajn-2-1-2
Open AccessArticle

One Pot Synthesis of Crystalline Silver Nanoparticles

Nityananda Agasti1, 2, and N.K. Kaushik1

1Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007, India

2Department of Chemistry, Ramjas College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007, India

Pub. Date: March 16, 2014

Cite this paper:
Nityananda Agasti and N.K. Kaushik. One Pot Synthesis of Crystalline Silver Nanoparticles. American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2014; 2(1):4-7. doi: 10.12691/ajn-2-1-2

Abstract

This paper describes a simple and convenient procedure for the preparation of crystalline silver nanoparticles. One pot synthesis of silver nanoparticles free from stabilizing agent has been investigated. Aqueous solution of AgNO3 has been reduced by N2H4.H2O in presence of CH3COONa. The aggregation of silver nanoparticles were prevented by CH3COONa in chemical bath and then washed away, leaving crystalline silver nanoparticles. The whole experiment has been carried out at room temperature, using water as solvent and also within very less time. The particles synthesized were characterized by UV-Visible, FTIR, TGA, TEM & X-ray diffraction studies.

Keywords:
silver nanopartilces electron microscopy x-ray diffraction thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA)

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Schimd. G., Chi. L.F., “Metal Clusters and Colloids,” Adv. Mater., 10 (7). 515. 1998.
 
[2]  El-Sayed, M. A., “Some Interesting Properties of Metals Confined in Time and Nanometer Space of Different Shapes,” Acc. Chem.Res., 34 (4). 257. 2001.
 
[3]  Schmid, G., Clusters and Colloids: From Theory to Application, VCH, Weinheim, 1994.
 
[4]  Carotenuto, G., Pepe, G. P., Nicolais, L., “Preparation and characterization of nano-sized Ag/PVP composites for optical applications,” Eur. Phys. J. B 16. 11. 2000.
 
[5]  Gehr, R. J., Boyd, R. W., “Optical Properties of Nanostructured Optical Materials,” Chem. Mater., 8. 1807. 1996.
 
[6]  Matejka, P., Vlckova, B., Vohlidal, J., Pancoska, P., Baumrunk, V., “The Role of Triton X-100 as an Adsorbate and a Molecular Spacer on the Surface of Silver Colloid: A Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Study,” J. Phys. Chem., 96. 1361. 1992
 
[7]  Stabel, A., Eichhorst-Gerner, K., Rabe, J. P., Gonzalez Elipe, A. R.,“Surface Defects and Homogeneous Distribution of Silver Particles on HOPG,” Langmuir, 14. 7324. 1998.
 
[8]  Silvert, P. Y., Herrera-Urbina, R., Duvauchelle, N., Vijayakrishnan,V., Tekaia-Elhsissen, K., “Preparation of colloidal silver dispersions by the polyol process Part 1 -Synthesis and characterization,” J. Mater. Chem., 6 (4). 573. 1996.
 
[9]  Pethkar, S., Aslam, M., Mulla, I. S., Ganeshan, P., Vijayamohanan, K.,“Preparation and characterisation of silver quantum dot superlattice using self-assembled monolayers of pentanedithiol,” J. Mater. Chem., 11. 1710. 2001.
 
[10]  Yanagihara, N., Uchida, K., Wakabayashi, M., Uetake, Y., Hara, T., “Effect of Radical Initiators on the Size and Formation of Silver Nanoclusters in Poly (methyl methacrylate),” Langmuir, 15. 3038. 1999.
 
[11]  Yasukawa, T., Miyamura, H., Kobayashi, S.J., “Polymer-Incarcerated Chiral Rh/Ag Nanoparticles for Asymmetric 1, 4-Addition Reactions of Arylboronic Acids to Enones: Remarkable Effects of Bimetallic Structure on Activity and Metal Leaching,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 134. 16963. 2012.
 
[12]  Gross, E., Liu, J.H., Alayoglu, S., Marcus, M.A., Fakra, S.C., Toste, F.D., Somorjai, G.A., “Asymmetric Catalysis at the Mesoscale: Gold Nanoclusters Embedded in Chiral Self-Assembled Monolayer as Heterogeneous Catalyst for Asymmetric Reactions,” J. Am. Chem.,135. 3881. 2013.
 
[13]  Kahsar, K. R., Schwartz, D. K., Medlin, J. W., “Selective Hydrogenation of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Using Alkanethiol Self-Assembled Monolayer-Coated Pd/Al2O3 Catalysts,”ACS Catal., 3. 2041. 2013.
 
[14]  Xian, J., Hua, Q., Jiang, Z., Ma, Y., Huang, W., “Size-Dependent Interaction of the Poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) Capping Ligand with Pd Nanocrystals,” Langmuir, 28. 6736. 2012.
 
[15]  Li, D., Wang, C., Tripkovic, D., Sun, S., Markovic, N.M., Stamenkovic, V.R., “Surfactant Removal for Colloidal Nanoparticles from Solution Synthesis: The Effect on Catalytic Performance,” ACS Catal., 2. 1358. 2012.
 
[16]  Shao, M., Odell, J. H., Choi, S-II., Xia, Y., “Electrochemical surface area measurements of platinum- and palladium-based nanoparticles,” Electrochem. Commun., 31. 46. 2013.
 
[17]  Mulvaney, P., “Surface Plasmon Spectroscopy of Nanosized Metal Particles,” Langmuir, 12. 788. 1996.
 
[18]  Kashiwagi, Y., Yamamoto, M., Nakamoto, M., “Facile size-regulated synthesis of silver nanoparticles by controlled thermolysis of silver alkylcarboxylates in the presence of alkylamines with different chain lengths,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 300. 169. 2006.