American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
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American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2016, 4(2), 36-40
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-4-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Educational Status and Knowledge of Meaning, Composition and Hazards of Solid Waste among Residents in Onitsha Metropolis, Nigeria

Obed C Azubike1, Obiageli F Emelumadu2, Chinomnso C Nnebue3, , Queencallista N Sidney-Nnebue4 and Ngozi F Azubike1

1Department of Physiotherapy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi

2Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University/University Teaching Hospital NAU/NAUTH, Nnewi

3Department of HIV Care and Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi

4National Gallery of Art, Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation, Igboukwu

Pub. Date: April 06, 2016

Cite this paper:
Obed C Azubike, Obiageli F Emelumadu, Chinomnso C Nnebue, Queencallista N Sidney-Nnebue and Ngozi F Azubike. Educational Status and Knowledge of Meaning, Composition and Hazards of Solid Waste among Residents in Onitsha Metropolis, Nigeria. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2016; 4(2):36-40. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-4-2-3

Abstract

Background: Good knowledge of waste and its management is key to sustainable healthy living conditions in a sane environment. However, this knowledge has been reported to be influenced by many factors. Objective: To determine the association between educational status and knowledge of meaning, composition of solid waste and hazards of its improper management among residents in Onitsha metropolis, Nigeria. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study of 425 households in Onitsha Metropolis, selected using multistage sampling technique was done. Data was collected by interview using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire and analysed using computer Graph Pad Prism version 5.3. Chi-square test was used to identify statistically significant associations between variables. A p value of < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The mean age of the respondents is 36.84±12.21years. Three hundred and fifty five (83.5%) of the respondents could give the correct meaning of the term ‘solid waste’, 312 (73.4%) knew its composition while 351 (82.6%) had an appreciable knowledge of the health hazards of improper waste management. There are statistically significant associations between educational status of respondents and their knowledge of solid waste (p<0.05), correct knowledge of solid waste (p<0.05), knowledge of hazards of improper waste management (p<0.05) respectively. Conclusions: The study results revealed that Onitsha residents have a good knowledge of solid waste and this was found to be associated with educational status. We therefore recommend sustained attitudinal change program via regular and periodic health education on proper solid waste management patterns.

Keywords:
Solid waste educational status knowledge Onitsha metropolis

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