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American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2014, 2(1), 25-28
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-2-1-6
Open AccessReview Article

Gestosis: Ophthalmologic Peculiarities

Galina Bratko1, Ekaterina Pichikova1, , Aleksandr Trunov2 and Valery Chernykh1

1Novosibirsk Branch Federal State Institution, “Intersectoral Research and Technology Complex” “Eye microsurgery”, Novosibirsk, Russia

2Scientific Center of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

Pub. Date: February 24, 2014

Cite this paper:
Galina Bratko, Ekaterina Pichikova, Aleksandr Trunov and Valery Chernykh. Gestosis: Ophthalmologic Peculiarities. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2014; 2(1):25-28. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-2-1-6


The most interesting studies of perfusion-diffusion deficiency in the morpho-functional system mother-placenta-fetus available in women with pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are just described in this review. The main cause of vascular endothelium damage is vasospasm and an accelerated formation of free radicals in women’s with pre-eclampsia. The ophthalmological peculiarities mentioned in the article are such as follows: irregular spasm of small arterioles, including normal pregnancy cases, is usually described with a method of conjunctive vessels biomicroscopy. The most common method of ophthalmological examination is ophthalmoscopy. Pathologic changes of retina and retinal vessels in women with gestosis are most similar to the changes observed in the eyes of patients with essential hypertension. Pregnant women are in a group of risk because of arterial hypo- and hypertension, anemia and gestosis, providing the expressed deficiency of blood circulation of eye.

gestosis myopia retinal vessels pregnant women hemorrhage retinal detachment

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