American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2327-6681 ISSN (Online): 2327-6657 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmsm Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2014, 2(1), 25-28
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-2-1-6
Open AccessReview Article

Gestosis: Ophthalmologic Peculiarities

Galina Bratko1, Ekaterina Pichikova1, , Aleksandr Trunov2 and Valery Chernykh1

1Novosibirsk Branch Federal State Institution, “Intersectoral Research and Technology Complex” “Eye microsurgery”, Novosibirsk, Russia

2Scientific Center of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

Pub. Date: February 24, 2014

Cite this paper:
Galina Bratko, Ekaterina Pichikova, Aleksandr Trunov and Valery Chernykh. Gestosis: Ophthalmologic Peculiarities. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2014; 2(1):25-28. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-2-1-6

Abstract

The most interesting studies of perfusion-diffusion deficiency in the morpho-functional system mother-placenta-fetus available in women with pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are just described in this review. The main cause of vascular endothelium damage is vasospasm and an accelerated formation of free radicals in women’s with pre-eclampsia. The ophthalmological peculiarities mentioned in the article are such as follows: irregular spasm of small arterioles, including normal pregnancy cases, is usually described with a method of conjunctive vessels biomicroscopy. The most common method of ophthalmological examination is ophthalmoscopy. Pathologic changes of retina and retinal vessels in women with gestosis are most similar to the changes observed in the eyes of patients with essential hypertension. Pregnant women are in a group of risk because of arterial hypo- and hypertension, anemia and gestosis, providing the expressed deficiency of blood circulation of eye.

Keywords:
gestosis myopia retinal vessels pregnant women hemorrhage retinal detachment

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Serov V.N, Markin , Lubnin A.Yu. Eclampsia. М.: Open Company «MIA», 2002. 462 р.
 
[2]  Petrova O.Yu. Features of the clinical course of myopia with physiological pregnancy, gestosis and the postpartum period: Authoref. dis.. .. kand. med. science. M., 2004. 22 p.
 
[3]  Akhvlediani K.N., Mazurskaya N.M., Logutova L.S. et al. Optimization of management policy for pregnancy and labors in patients with moderate and severe myopia // Rus. Lead obstetrician-gynecologist. 2002. 1. 59-61.
 
[4]  Douglas K.A., Redman C.W.G. Eclampsia in the United Kingdom // British Medical Journal. 1994. 309. 1395-1400.
 
[5]  Irgens H.U., Reisaeter L., Irgens L.M., Lie R.T. Long term mortality of mothers and fathers after pre-eclampsia: population based cohort study // British Medical Journal. 2001. 323. 1213-1217.
 
[6]  Repina M.A. Gestosis as a cause of maternal mortality // Obstetric. and women's diseases. 2000. XLIX (3). 11-18.
 
[7]  Granatovich N.N. Retrospective analysis of maternal mortality in the gestosis // The problems of pregnancy. 2002. 5. 21-23.
 
[8]  Ventskovsky B.M., Hodak A.A. Late toxicity (gestosis) pregnant // Urgent obstetrics. Kiev: Health, 1994. 164-195.
 
[9]  Lopez-Jaramillo P., Casas J.P., Serrano N. Preeclampsia: from epidemiological observations to molecular mechanisms // Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 2001. 34. (10). 1227-1235.
 
[10]  Radzinsky V.E., Smalko P.J. Biochemistry of placental insufficiency. M.: RUDN, 2001. 273 p.
 
[11]  Freidman S.A., Taylor R.N., Roberts J.M. Pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia: hypertension and pregnancy // Clinics in Perinatology. 1991. V.18. 661-682.
 
[12]  De Jong C.L.D., Dekker G.A., Sibai B.M. The renin-angiotensin-aldesterone system in pre-eclampsia. Hypertension and pregnancy // Clinics in Perinatology. 1991. V.18. 683-711.
 
[13]  Roberts J.M., Redman C.W. Pre-eclampsia: more than pregnancy-induced hypertension // Lancet 1993. 341. 55-57.
 
[14]  Aligadgieva L.G., Neroev V.V., Sarugina O.I. et al. Reooftalmografii role in the evaluation of eye hemodynamics in pregnant women with myopia. // Annals of Ophthalmology. 2008. 2. 42-43.
 
[15]  Kharb S. Total free radical trapping antioxidant potential in preeclampsia // Int. J. Gynaecol. Obstet. 2000. V. 69. 23-26.
 
[16]  Shaamash A.H., Elsonosy E.D., Zakhari M.M. et al. Placental nitric acid synthase (NOS) activity and nitric oxide (NO) production in normal pregnancy, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia // Int. J. Gynaecol. Obstet. 2001. V.172. 127-133.
 
[17]  Dekker G.A., Sibai B.M. Etiology and pathogenesis of preeclampsia: current concepts // Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. - 1999. V.181 (4). 1036-1037.
 
[18]  Akhvlediani K.N., Logutova L.S., Travkin A.G. et al. The tactics of management and delivery in pregnant women with myopia // Rus. lead. obstetrician gynecologist. 2005. 4. 57-62.
 
[19]  Travkin A.G., Logutova L.S., Akhvlediani K.N. et al. Features of delivery with gestosis pregnant with myopia // Annals of Ophthalmology. 2007. 4. 26-29.
 
[20]  Rocheva S.L. The choice of method of delivery in women with varying degrees of myopia // Annals of Ophthalmology. 2006. 3. 47-51.
 
[21]  Rocheva S.L. Controversial aspects tactic of pregnancy and childbirth in women with myopia // Actual problems of Ophthalmology: Proceedings of the All-Russian Scientific Сonference of Young Scientists: Collection of the science works / Edited by Kh.P. Takhchidi. M., 2006. 309-311.