American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2327-6681 ISSN (Online): 2327-6657 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmsm Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2014, 2(1), 13-15
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-2-1-3
Open AccessArticle

The Prevalence of Skeletal Malocclusion in the Southern Aseer Region of Saudi Arabia

Mazen Almasri1,

1Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Umm Alqura Uni – Makka city, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: January 20, 2014

Cite this paper:
Mazen Almasri. The Prevalence of Skeletal Malocclusion in the Southern Aseer Region of Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2014; 2(1):13-15. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-2-1-3

Abstract

Objective: to study the prevalence of skeletal malocclusion (SMO) cases in the orthodontic and maxillofacial surgery unit of King Khalid university health center / Aseer central Hospital (KKUHC) in the southern Aseer region of Saudi Arabia (SSA) where no previous epidemiological data took place. Materials and methods: A retrospective chart review of all the cases visiting the orthodontic / maxillofacial surgery unit at KKUHC from September 2010 to August 2012 was reviewed. All the pertinent data were extracted and tabulated for investigation while incomplete records were eliminated. Results: A total of 364 completed charts were included in the study and all the pertinent data were extracted and tabulated. It was found that 42% of the cases had skeletal malocclusion (SMO) while 58% had dental maocclusion only. Class 3 SMO represented the majority of the cases scoring 49% of the records. The female to male ratio was 1:3.2, which is significantly lower than other recorded studies. Conclusion: SMO deformity was found to be a common presentation in the SSA health care center where class 3 comprised the majority unlike other areas in the country.

Keywords:
prevalence orthognathic skeletal malocclusion Saudi

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Aldrees A., “Pattern of skeletal and dental malocclusions in Saudi orthodontic patients”. Saudi Med J. 33 (3): 315-20. 2012.
 
[2]  Jones W., “Malocclusion and facial types in a group of Saudi Arabian patients referred for orthodontic treatment: a preliminary study”. Br J Orthod. 14: 143-146. 1987.
 
[3]  Al-Jasser N., “Cephalometric Evaluation for Saudi Population Using the Downs and Steine Analysise”. J Contemp Dent Pract. (6) 2: 052-063. 2005.
 
[4]  Saleh FK., “Prevalence of malocclusion in a sample of Lebanese schoolchildren: an epidemiological study”. East Mediterr Health J. 5 (2): 337-43. 1999.
 
[5]  Oshagh M., Ghaderi A., Pakshir A., Baghmolla, “Prevalence of malocclusions in school-age children attending the orthodontics department of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences”, Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 16: 12-14. 2010.
 
[6]  Ong M., “Spectrum of dentofacial deformities: a retrospective survey”. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 33 (2): 239-42. 2004.
 
[7]  Chew M., “Spectrum and management of dentofacial deformities in a multiethnic Asian population”. Angle Orthod. 76 (5): 806-9. 2006.
 
[8]  Samman N., Tong A., Cheung D., Tideman H., “Analysis of 300 dentofacial deformities in Hong Kong”. Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg. 7 (3): 181-5. 1992.
 
[9]  Boeck E., Lunardi N., Pinto Ados S., Pizzol K., Boeck Neto R., “Occurrence of skeletal malocclusions in Brazilian patients with dentofacial deformities”. Braz Dent J. 22 (4): 340-5. 2011.
 
[10]  Boeck E., Gimenez C., Coleta K., “Prevalence of skeletal malocclusion’s types analysed in patients with dentofacial deformities”. R Dental Press Ortodon Ortop Facial, 8: 73-78. 2003.
 
[11]  Almasri M., Bukhari S., “considerations to planning orthognathic surgery in different regions of Saudi and the middle east”. Am J of public Health and Research, 2 (1): 6-9. 2014.