American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
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American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2021, 9(3), 70-74
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-9-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Cardiorespiratory Toxicity of Biomass Pollutants

Judith F. Ahounou Aïkpe1, 2, , Jean-Bénoît M. Godonou1, Maxim Senou3, 4, Credo R. Koukpoliyi1, Armel Hounkonnou1, Huguette B Akakpo1, 2, Joachim D. Gbenou2 and Pierre H. Dansou1

1Research Unit in Exercise Physiology (URPEF), University of Abomey Calavi, 01 BP 169 Porto-Novo, Bénin

2Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Essential Oils (LAPHE), Faculty of Health Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Abomey Calavi. 01BP 918 Cotonou, Benin

3Experimental and Clinic Biology Laboratory, National School of Applied Biosciences and Biotechnology, National University of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (UNSTIM), Dassa-Zoumé, R. Benin

4Research Laboratory in Applied Biology, Polytechnic School ofAbomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, R. Benin

Pub. Date: July 11, 2021

Cite this paper:
Judith F. Ahounou Aïkpe, Jean-Bénoît M. Godonou, Maxim Senou, Credo R. Koukpoliyi, Armel Hounkonnou, Huguette B Akakpo, Joachim D. Gbenou and Pierre H. Dansou. Cardiorespiratory Toxicity of Biomass Pollutants. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2021; 9(3):70-74. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-9-3-2

Abstract

Traditional biomass alone accounts for 8.5% of global energy consumption and exclusively covers the energy needs of nearly 3 billion people and 1.2 billion of whom do not yet have access to electricity. The smoke resulting from the combustion of this biomass contains various gases having harmful effects on health. This work aims to evaluate the toxic effects of carbon monoxide, methane and hydrogen sulfide on biochemical and cardiorespiratory parameters of Wistar rats. The complete blood count, C-reactive protein, lipid profile and histology of the lungs are evaluated after subchronic exposure to biomass smoke. The results showed a decrease in red blood cells (p = 0.004), an increase in blood platelets, an increase in C - reactive protein (p = 0.003) and triglycerides (p = 0.0041) and a decrease in HDL (p = 0, 0215) after 28 days of exposure. Exposure to smoke from biomass is therefore a source of alteration of cardiorespiratory parameters.

Keywords:
cardiorespiratory parameters biomass exposure toxicity

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