American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
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American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2020, 8(6), 217-228
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-8-6-3
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The Prevalence and its determinants of Low Back Pain among Female Secondary School Teachers in Eastern region at Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, January 2020

Ghufran Hesham Kheshaifaty1, and Saud Hasan Surbaya2

1Family medicine resident, Ministry of Health, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

2Family medicine consultant, Ministry of Health, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: November 17, 2020

Cite this paper:
Ghufran Hesham Kheshaifaty and Saud Hasan Surbaya. The Prevalence and its determinants of Low Back Pain among Female Secondary School Teachers in Eastern region at Makkah city, Saudi Arabia, January 2020. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2020; 8(6):217-228. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-8-6-3


Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a major cause of disability, interfere with quality of life and work performance. Very limited studies have been carried in Saudi Arabia among teachers. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and identify the determinants of LBP among female secondary school teachers in Eastern region at Makkah city. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted among female secondary school teachers in Makkah city (eastern region) throughout the scholastic year 2019-2020 (December- January). A self- administered valid Arabic questionnaire was used in data collection. Results: The study included 207 female teachers. Most of them (60.4%) aged between 40 and 49 years. History of having low back pain during the last week (Point prevalence) was 62.8% whereas total prevalence of LBP during the last 12 months was77.8%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that married teachers were 86% at lower risk for LBP compared to singles (Adjusted odds ratio “AOR”:0.14, 95% confidence interval “CI”: 0.02-0.83, p=0.030. Teachers with more number of teaching hours/week (>20) were at almost double-risk for having LBP compared to those with 1-10 hours/week (AOR: 2.13, 95%CI: 1.63-24.02, p=0.036). Teachers with history of chronic diseases were at greater risk for developing LBP compared to those without chronic diseases (AOR: 4.21, 95%CI: 1.03-17.19, p=0.045). Feeling anxious within the last two weeks was accompanied by significant increased risk for LBP (AOR: 3.77, 95%CI: 1.46-9.75, p=0.006). Similarly, complaining of upper back pain, neck pain, throat infection was significantly associated with greater risk of LBP (AOR: 5.62, 95%CI: 2.18-14.48, p<0.001). Considering normal BMI subjects as a reference category, obese teachers were at 6-folded risk for LBP (AOR: 6.41, 95%CI: 1.83-22.43, p=0.004). Conclusion: Low back pain is a very common problem, affecting most of female secondary school teachers in Eastern Region of Makkah city, with adverse impact on sleeping quality and work performance. Such a common medical problem needs to be further studied in our community.

Low Back Pain prevalence female Secondary School Teachers Saudi Arabia

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