American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine
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American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2020, 8(3), 98-108
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-8-3-2
Open AccessArticle

Assessment of the Primary School Teachers' Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Care of Children with Type 1 Diabetes at School in Taif Region, Saudi Arabia 2018

Bassam A Alzaidi1, , Dr. Ali Mubarak2, Alaa M Alwagdani1, Naif A Alzahrani1, Mohammed Abdulkarim Mohammed Alshehri3, Hatim Ahmed M Alkhudaydi3 and Abdulelah Abdulrahman A4

1R4 Family Medicine Resident, Prince Mansour military hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabian

2Family medicine consultant, Medical Director of PMMH, Taif, Saudi Arabian

3General Practitioner, Armed Force Hospitals - Taif region, Prince Sultan Hospital, Saudi Arabian

44th Year Medical Student at Taif University, Saudi Arabian

Pub. Date: June 28, 2020

Cite this paper:
Bassam A Alzaidi, Dr. Ali Mubarak, Alaa M Alwagdani, Naif A Alzahrani, Mohammed Abdulkarim Mohammed Alshehri, Hatim Ahmed M Alkhudaydi and Abdulelah Abdulrahman A. Assessment of the Primary School Teachers' Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Care of Children with Type 1 Diabetes at School in Taif Region, Saudi Arabia 2018. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2020; 8(3):98-108. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-8-3-2

Abstract

Background: Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism where the hormone insulin is deficient, ineffective or absent, resulting in abnormally high blood glucose levels and significant damage to the body's vascular system. The prevalence of type 1 diabetes for Unites States residents aged 0-19 years is 1.7 per 1000. Saudi Arabia is ranked the 7th globally in number of children with T1DM and the 5th regarding the incidence. The prevalence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabian children and adolescents is 109.5 per 100,000. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common chronic childhood diseases. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is the most common autoimmune endocrine disorder in childhood and adolescence1 with increasing incidence worldwide that varies according to race, country, and region. In the last decades, several studies reported a significant increase in T1DM cases in children up to 14 years old. Aim of the study: This study aimed to assess diabetes-related knowledge, attitudes and management practices among school teachers in order to determine their diabetes training needs and preparedness to provide adequate care for students with diabetes. Method: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted at Taif primary schools teachers working in governmental schools in Saudi Arabia, in 2018. The researcher invited 411 teachers Systematic random by proportional allocated stratified technique to participate in the study. Results: Out of 411 teachers invited to participate in the study, returned completed questionnaire with a response rate of 100%. Their almost of the teachers (28.0%) were in the age group 45-50 years. All of them were males teachers (100.0%), the main source of information about DM cited by teachers was the mass media (67.9%) and Attitude of the teacher toward diabetes mellitus in the school children these study results show that is a significant relation between score and Attitude Negative where (93.2) where P-value=0.001. Conclusion: The results reveal that teachers have inadequate knowledge of some of the basic facts of diabetes and its treatment, a situation, which could have dangerous consequences for the child and complicate his or her schooling in a number of ways.coordinating these studies with the schools provided a way to reach a large number of teachers with a message for to prevent diabetes without singling any students out.

Keywords:
assessment primary school teachers' knowledge attitude practice children type 1 diabetes school Taif Saudi Arabia

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